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What is Women Empowerment?

Women empowerment is a major social issue talked about in today’s world.
Since independence, especially after 1990, India has been working towards empowering women. Women empowerment implies the ability in women to take decisions with regard to their life and work and giving equal rights to them in all spheres like personal, social, economic, political, legal, and so on. Women today are getting empowered to take the decision of their life. They are deciding their own career and are realizing their potential. Today women are working shoulder to shoulder with men. Women are excelling in various fields and getting numerous chances to shape their dream life. The government has also taken also taken a lot of initiatives to empower women of the country.


There are innumerable challenges that India poses in creating equal rights for women economically, socially and politically. The problems faced by Indian women are centuries old. Problems faced by Indian women are:

Gender-Based Inequality

Women are first the property of their fathers, then of their brothers and then ultimately of their husbands. This idea has led to males feeling superior. India is highly patriarchal society; this is one of the many social standards that need to be addressed in order to better the lives of women in India.

Female Illiteracy and Education

Female illiteracy is one of the major problems in India. These low literacy rates are another indicators of the differential treatment of women in India. The dropout rate was high among girls and SC, ST children. The Indian Government has made major movement in order to eradicate the illiteracy problem in the country. The government has passed the Right to Education Act that mandates free and compulsory education to children between 6 and 14 years of age. This gives parents an immediate incentive to send them to school.

Female Foeticide and Female Infanticide

Female foeticide is one of the evil ways of discrimination against women in a society where a woman is denied her most basic fundamental right i.e. “The right to life”. Many people determine the sex of the foeticide and if they find that it is a girl inside the womb. They are killed then and there. Women are not even safe in the safest place on the earth.

Women Security

It is one of the major issues in India. As every day, we hear one or more cases of rape, violence against women, sex trafficking, dowry deaths in the country. No age group of the woman is safe in the world. They are unsafe everywhere. This is one of the major reasons for all problems faced by the women.


The Indian Government has launched series of schemes and programmes which cover welfare and support services, gender sensitization and awareness generation. These efforts are directed to make women socially and economically empowered so that they can take equal and active part in national development along with men.

Social Initiatives

The various initiatives by the government are as follows :

  • National Mission for Empowerment of Women
  • Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls.
  • Ujjawala
  • Nirbhaya Fund
  • Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao
  • Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
  • Women Safety Apps

Economic Initiatives

The various economic initiatives by the government are as follows :

  • Rashtriya Mahila Kosh
  • Swayamsiddha
  • Gender Budgeting
  • Bharatiya Mahila Bank
  • Sukanya Samridhi Yojana

Health Sector Initiatives

The various health sector initiatives by government are as follows :

  • Janani Suraksha Yojana
  • Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana
  • National Food Security Act 2013

Women Self Help Group

A Self Help Group is a group of some women, who come together to address their common issue. They are encouraged to make voluntary thrift on a daily basis.

For example, Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) started by civil right. It also has other bodies like SEWA Bank, SEWA Mahila Trust, SEWA Housing, etc to assist women.


Each Woman’s Day that passes, despite the glaring statics, there are enough anecdotal evidence of women who have grabbed their destiny into their own hands, expanding the envelope of their achievement. We see these success stories everywhere and everyday at the workplace, at the arena of politics, sports and entertainment and of course, at the home.