Terrorism – Definition, History, Facts
Terrorism refers to intentional creation of violence to achieve an ideological, political or religious aim.
It is mainly a political struggle for power by radicalization of some people.
When people lose faith in the system and feel marginalized in certain ways they resort to underground and violent methods to make their voices heard.
It is easy to radicalize such desperate people and they are targeted by the terrorist organizations operating across the globe.
The terrorist groups thrive on the funding received from various other organizations and people who want to see chaos in the society just to fulfil their ulterior motives.
Terrorism a menace:
The roots of terrorism date back to the 1980s when Soviet- Afghan war was going on.
Mujahideen started engaging in Jihad at that time only.
It was a part of proxy war fought by the US to fulfil its own cold war interests.
Mujahideen was backed by Pakistan, China and Gulf.
The US had sown seeds of terrorist activities against Russia but failed to curb the growing tentacles of terrorism.
The terrorist groups organized themselves and came together under the banner of groups such as Taliban, Al-Qaida, etc.
Their influence grew in such a way that they created safe havens in war torn countries and disturbed areas such as PoK.
With the attack of 9/11 on the World Trade Centre in the USA these groups terrified the entire world and terror became their weapon for negotiating with the states.
They took advantage of growing instability in the North African and Gulf countries and spread their power.
India is among the biggest sufferers of terrorism most of which constitutes cross border attacks.
India comes between the Golden Crescent (Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan) and the Golden Triangle (Thailand, Laos and Myanmar).
These two areas are infamous for opium trade and illegal trafficking and India provides a route between these areas.
Terrorists take advantage of this position of India and have directed funds via this route.
India has faced attacks such as Parliament attacks of 2001, plane hijack in Kandahar, 26/11 Mumbai attacks, 2019 Pulwama attacks and many more in different parts of the country particularly in Jammu and Kashmir.
India is reeling not only with cross border terrorist activities but with extremist activities inside its territories in the form of Naxal organisations and radical groups in the North East region.
People belonging to lower rungs of society and tribals have taken to violence as they feel wronged and left out from the mainstream.
Extremists of the North Eastern Region have territorial ambitions and thus they create chaos time to time.
Measures to Counter:
Terrorist financing is a mixture of both state sponsored and illegal money flow like hawala, counterfeit, etc.
This financing network must be checked to stop the money flow.
Steps like demonetization are commendable to check counterfeit money, black money, etc. up to some extent.
Transformation to a cashless economy can help keeping track of the remittances and payments.
It is not the onus of security forces alone to fight against terrorism.
We as a society should also harbor the responsibility.
Families should keep an eye on the activities of their kids and look for any separatist or hateful tendencies developing in them.
There are evidences of educated youth being lured by ISIS.
People should strive to live in harmony and maintain brotherhood removing the artificial barriers of caste, creed, religion, region, etc.
With the technological breakthrough, the dimensions of terrorist activities have shifted to the virtual world.
Counter terror agencies should refurbish their programs to tackle this menace turning to online mode.
Counter terror agencies like NIA should be provided more teeth and budget to stay ahead of the non-state actors and nip these nefarious activities in the bud.
The menace of terrorism has groped the entire world.
There is a need of concerted efforts from all the nations to fight against terrorism.
It cannot be divided into good terrorism or bad terrorism as human lives are at stake.
Such activities disturb the fabric of peaceful society and create an atmosphere of hatred and constant fear.
Terrorism should be curbed for humans to live happily and prosper in all walks of life.