PM Modi is going to initiate the metro project

Agra Metro Project includes two passageways with a complete length of 29.4 km. It associates renowned vacation spots like Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and so on, with railroad stations and transport stands. Its development work is to be initiated by Prime Minister Modi. The task is required to profit 29 lakh individuals in the city of Agra just as in excess of 60 lakh sightseers who visit the spot every year.

About the Agra Metro Project

The venture will help support Ease of Living of the individuals of Agra and will profit the sightseers visiting the city. The assessed cost of the undertaking is Rs 8,379.62 crores. The task is to be finished in five years. The possibility investigation of the Agra Metro Project was led in 2016. The Detailed Progress Report of the undertaking was set up by RITES (Rail India Technical and Economic Service Limited).

The expenses of the task were assessed as Rs 350 for every kilometer. The costs were assessed dependent on the Price Index.

Value Index in India

There are three significant Price Indices utilized in India. They are Wholesale Price Index, Index of Industrial Production and Consumer Price Index

Discount Price Index

It is the primary proportion of expansion in the nation. The significant financial arrangement and money related approach changes are connected to WPI. It is being used since 1939 and is distributed since 1947 routinely. The WPI is determined by the Office of Economic Advisor working under Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

File of Industrial Production

It quantifies the adjustments in the modern creation. It is determined by the Central Statistics Office working under the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation. The eight significant center enterprises, for example, unrefined petroleum, power, concrete, processing plant items, steel, manures and flammable gas are remembered for Index of Industrial Production.

Argentina – Millionaire’s tax

Argentina parliament has forced ‘tycoon charge’ on around 12,000 of the nation’s most extravagant individuals to finance COVID-19 countermeasures. Under this plan, individuals with pronounced resources worth in excess of 200 million pesos will pay a reformist pace of up to 3.5% on abundance in Argentina and up to 5.25% on abundance outside the nation. The income emerging from this assessment will be utilized to fund wellbeing, social turn of events, understudy grants and flammable gas adventures. This is being done to carry help to poor people and the private ventures in the nation.

The tycoons’ duty is a one-time commitment. It will assist Argentina with about 3.7 billion USD. The assets gathered through these duties are to be dispensed to little and medium business, clinical hardware and supplies, store gaseous petrol undertakings and backing understudies and social projects. The split of the assets in These zones are as per the following

20% will go to the clinical supplies.

20% to little and medium measured organizations.

20% to understudies grants.

15% to social turn of events.

25% to flammable gas Ventures.

This plan is to influence 12000 citizens. Be that as it may, it will help the general economy of the nation


Argentina has a populace of 44 million and around 1.4 million are gravely influenced due to Coronavirus as indicated by Johns Hopkins University. Additionally, Argentina is presently confronting third consecutive year of downturn. The monetary movement in the nation has declined to 12% in 2020.

New Jersey

Comparative law was passed by New Jersey of United States of America. In September 2020 the New Jersey government helped the duty pace of the New Jersians possessing more than 1 million USD yearly. Their duty rates were helped from 8.97 percent to 10.75%. Prior 10.75% of assessment rate was applied uniquely to individuals acquiring in excess of 5 million USD every year. Notwithstanding, the term mogul’s expense was presented in 2004 in New Jersey.


In India, the abundance charge was nullified in 2016. It was supplanted with a 2% extra charge on super-rich people in the nation. The super-rich people are those whose pay is more noteworthy than Rs 10 crore every year.

Business Bribery Risk Report

The TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix is a yearly posting that gauges the probability of pay off requests in 194 nations. It was first distributed in 2014 to address the issues of the business networks requesting for a more dependable data with respect to the dangers of business pay off around the world. In the 2020 posting, India is positioned 77th position, a spot in a way that is better than a year ago, regarding pay off dangers. China and Pakistan have been positioned 126th and 153rd spots separately.

Key discoveries of the Index

India scored 45 in the Business Bribery Risk, 2020 and remained at rank 77. In 2019, India positioned 78th. India in 2020 has performed in a way that is better than Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and China. Bhutan remained at 48th position.

Denmark bested the rundown. It was trailed by Norway, Finland, Sweden and New Zealand. The nations at the base the vast majority of the rundown were Turkmenistan, North Korea, Venezuela, South Sudan and Eritrea.

India scored 50 in the space Interactions with Government. The scores are determined dependent on the four boundaries to be specific business collaborations with the Government, common help straightforwardness, limit with respect to common society oversight and against pay off obstacles. Aside from these boundaries, the part of media is likewise thought of while defining the scores.

In the space of against pay off prevention, India scored 53. In the area common help straightforwardness, India scored 36. In the area limit with regards to common oversight India scored 40.

Out of the multitude of boundaries, India performed well in the common administrations space. In India, the common administrations are considered as the foundation of administration. It is the government workers who arrive at government plans to the residents.

Common Educational and Cultural Exchange Act

Common Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 tries to advance instructive and social trade between the US and different nations in an offer to upgrade shared comprehension of the US public and the individuals of different nations. The US State Department has as of late finished 5 social trade programs with China under this Act. These projects incorporate the Policymakers Educational China Trip Program, the US-China Friendship Program, the US-China Leadership Exchange Program, the US-China Transpacific Exchange Program and the Hong Kong Educational and Cultural Program.

Key Features of the demonstration

To expand the shared comprehension between the US and the individuals from different nations.

To fortify the ties that join the US and different countries regarding instruction and social turns of events.

To advance global collaboration in instructive and social progression.

To aid the improvement of serene relations among US and different nations on the planet.

Forces of the President

The Section 102 of the demonstration approves the president to make moves that will advance reciprocity. It approves the president to make strides that would fortify global participation. This incorporates giving awards, investment in global fairs and exchange of books, government distributions, and so on

Segment 103 of the demonstration approves the president to shape peaceful accords to propel the reason for the demonstration.

Segment 104 offers forces to the President to appoint his specialists as he decides to be suitable.

The USAID (United States Agency for International Development) and the Department of State are answerable for the US supported trades made under the demonstration.

Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR)

In India, the ICCR is liable for social trades among India and different nations. It was set up by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in 1950. It works missions globally through set up social habitats. The central command of ICCR is situated in New Delhi. The chamber manages the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding.



UP Renames Dandupur Railway Station as Maa Barahi Devi Dham

The Government of India agreed to change the name of Dandupur railroad station situated between situated among Pratapgarh and Badshahpur on the Varanasi railroad area, Uttar Pradesh (UP) as “Maa Barahi Devi Dham”.

Following the assent of the focal government Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath additionally endorsed the name change.

The official notice for the name change will be given after the endorsement of the Chief Minister.


Yogi Adityanath has started the cycle to perceive the nearby strict and otherworldly locales thinking about open goals.

Maa Barahi Devi:

  1. The station is named after the “Maa Barahi Devi’ situated in Parasrampur town, six kilometres from the railroad station.
  2. The sanctuary is known for its yearly reasonable which is visited by an enormous number of individuals.

Other Recent Name Changes in UP:

  1. The name of the Mughal Sarai Junction close to Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh has been changes as Deen Dayal Upadhyay intersection.
  2. Allahabad Junction has been renamed as Prayagraj Junction.
  3. Allahabad City has been renamed as Prayagraj Rambag.
  4. Allahabad Chheoki has been renamed as Prayagraj.



IUCN Report named India’s Western Ghats under Significant Concern

In agreement with the new report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) specifically “IUCN World Heritage Outlook 3”, India’s Western Ghats, recorded by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) in 2012 as a characteristic world legacy site, is undermined by populace weight, urbanization and environmental change. The site is viewed as of critical concern.

  1. The term huge worry in the report implies the estimation of the site is undermined by various current as well as expected dangers and there is a necessity of extra preservation measures to keep the estimation of site in long haul.

iii. Notably, Western Ghats are one of the world’s eight most sweltering problem areas of organic variety. The other change. The site is viewed as of huge concern.

  • The term critical worry in the report implies the estimation of the site is compromised by various current as well as expected dangers and there is a necessity of extra protection measures to keep the estimation of site in long haul.
  • Notably, Western Ghats are one of the world’s eight most sultry problem areas of organic variety. The other seven are Madagascar, Philippines, Sundaland [South East Asia], Brazil’s Atlantic Forest, Caribbean, Indo-Burma, and Eastern Arc and Coastal Forests of Tanzania/Kenya.

Premise of Assessment:

The appraisal of the report depended on the past reports from 2014 and 2017. The report has covered 252 regular World Heritage destinations, as of November 2020.

  • The report showed that 63% of all locales (159) is either “acceptable” or “great with certain worries”, while for 30% (75 destinations) the standpoint is of “huge concern”, and for 7% (18 locales) it is evaluated as “basic”.

What is the worry about Western Ghats?

The discontinuity brought about by improvement pressur in the Western Ghats is diminishing the accessibility of natural life passageways and appropriate territories outside ensured regions. The advancement of new street development, expanding of existing streets, power creation, urbanization, environmental change, farming extension, animals brushing are among the key elements presenting danger to the site.

  • As per the report, 40% of the first timberlands have just been decimated.
  • There is a need of practical passageways that guarantee untamed life development between secured territories.

Focuses to be taken note of:

  • According to UNESCO, Western Ghats is home to the absolute best non-central tropical evergreen woodlands and have at any rate 325 all around the world compromised verdure, fauna, winged animal, land and water proficient, reptile and fish species.
  • IUCN World Heritage Outlook is the primary worldwide evaluation of normal World Heritage.
  • Western Ghats are a 1,600 km extended length of around 140,000 km? running corresponding to India’s western coast, around 30-50 km inland, the Ghats navigate the States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat.

Mondla Duplantis and Yulimar Rojas named ‘2020 World Athletes of the Year’

Mondla Duplantis and Yulimar Rojas named ‘2020 World Athletes of the Year’ at World Athletics Awards 2020.

On December 5, 2020 Pole Vaulter Mondo Duplantis of Sweden was named as the male World Athletes of the Year (2020) and Triple Jumper Yulimar Rojas of Venezuela as the female World Athletes of the Year (2020) and Triple Jumper Yulimar Rojas of Venezuela as the female World Athletes of the Year(2020) at the World Athletics Awards 2020. The honor is yearly given by World Athletics, the worldwide overseeing body for the game of sports.

  • Mondo Duplantis, who is 21 years of age is the most youthful competitor actually to be named as the World Athlete of the Year. He is additionally the main Swedish man or lady to win the honor.
  • Mondo Duplantis and Yulimar Rojas are world Record Breakers.

Virtual Ceremony

The honor victors were named at the virtual service facilitated by amazing run stars Sanya Richards-Ross and Ato Boldon.

About Mondo Duplantis

Armand “Mondo” Duplantis broke the record held by Frenchman Renaud Lavillenie and Ukrainian Sergey Bubka, with the most noteworthy post vault clearances inside (6.18 meters) and outside in (6.15).

He has gotten numerous awards including, gold decoration at the 2015 World Youth Championships, gold award at the 2018 European Championships, silver decoration at the 2019 World Championships and Svenska Dagbladet Gold Medal (2020) among others.

He is the beneficiary of Rising Star Award in 2018.

About Yulimar Rojas:

Yulimar Andrea Rojas Rodriguez with her jump of 15 12m turned into the world record in the ladies’ triple hop indoor.

She is the Olympic silver medallist (2016 Rio de Janeiro), double cross World Champion (2017 London and 2019 Doha).

She is likewise a double cross World Indoor Championship (2016 Portland and 2018 Birmingham) in Triple hop.

Different Winners of World Athletics Awards 2020:

Member Federations Award-Polski Zwiazek Lekkiej Atletyki (Polish Athletics Association).

COVID-19 Inspiration Award – Ultimate Garden Clash, a unique thought by Renaud Lavillenie.

President’s Award – Tommie Smith, Peter Norman and John Carlos.

Training Achievement Award – Helena and Greg Duplantis

Athletes Community Award – To All games clubs over the world over.

 World Athletics Photograph of the Year-Michael Steele’s photo of little youngsters contending at the Discovery Cross Country Championships in Eldoret, Kenya

About the World Athlete of the Year:

  1. The grant is for the competitors partaking in occasions inside the games of athletic coordinated by the universe of games including olympic style sports, cross country running, street running and racewalking.
  2. It is given every year to athletes participating in sporting events of athletics since 1988.

About World Athletics:

It is some time ago known as the International Amateur Athletic Federation and International Association of Athletics Federations, both abridged as the IAAF.

Base camp – Monaco

President – Sebastian Coe