AFPA

Armed Forces Flag Day: December 7

The Armed Forces Flag Day has been observed in India since 7th December 1949. The day is devoted towards assortment of funds from the personnel. The composed fund will be used for the wellbeing of the armed persons, ex-servicemen and also to assimilate combat causalities. The Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has freshly publicized that this day will be celebrated throughout December and has called on people to donate to the fund.

The month of the December is to be renowned as “Gaurav Maah”.

History

As India grown independence, a need rose for Government of India to manage the wellbeing of the defence personnel. A commission was set up in 1949 underneath the then Defence Minister Baldev Singh. The commission suggested to observe Flag Day every year on December 7. On Armed Forces Flag Day, small flags to overall people will be distributed in return to the donations made by the public.

What is the key motive of Armed Forces Flag Day?

The Armed Forces Flag Day mainly emphases on welfare of serving personnel and their families, reintegration of battle casualties and resettlement of ex-servicemen and their families.

Armed Forces Flag Day Fund

In 1949, the Baldev Singh Committee established the Flag Day Fund. In 1993, the Defence Ministry of India merged the related wellbeing funds into Armed Forces Flag Day Fund. They comprise Flag Day Funds, Incorporated Special Fund for War Widowed, Ex-Servicemen and war disabled, Indian Gorkha Ex-Servicemen Welfare Fund and Kendriya Sainik Board Fund.

Who gathers the Funds?

The KEndriya Sainik Board working under the Ministry of Defence gathers the funds.

About Indian National Flag

The upper saffron colour in the national flag specifies strength, white colour in the mid of the flag represents peace and truth and green colour represents growth, fertility and prosperity. The navy-blue chakra in the mid is the Ashok Chakra. It has 24 spokes signifying 24 life principles.

China Anti-Poverty Movement

China freshly professed success in its 8 years drive to eliminate great poverty. In 2012, the Chinese headship had sought to achieve a ‘moderately prosperous’ society by concentrating on its countryside. It has sustained a ‘national list of impoverished counties’. The movement involved huge mobilization of state resources and relocation of individuals from far-off villages to new settlements nearer to urban centres. Cash hand-outs for the aged and disabled and work and job finding schemes for the jobless are also part of the campaign or movement.

In 2015, China set a limit of 2020 to eliminate poverty in China. In order to attain this, they held campaigns, developed local industries, education, healthcare. The campaign mainly opposed corruption and thereby relived poverty. This campaign is called Anti-Poverty Campaign.

In the past 40 years, more than 850 million Chinese were taken out of extreme poverty. In past five years, the campaign help out 68 million countryside people to move out of poverty. This led to the drop of national poverty grade from 10.2 to 3.1 percent

Background

The UN Millennium Goals Report (2015) shows that Chinese people had key role in eliminating poverty. Beijing’s policies significantly contributed in meeting the UN millennium goal to decrease half of extreme poverty globally.

What is the plan?

Beneath the policy, the following plan was implemented

Pointing households rather than persons in improving poverty.

A National Registration System was established to achieve this. The system collected info from individuals in more than 128,000 villages and 290,000 families.

The system aided China to recognise the poverty-stricken areas in the countries. They were Sichuan, Guizhou Hunan, Yunnan.

Pairing Up Plan was adopted.

Under this strategy, the rising provinces in the west received help from the developed provinces in the east.

Internet plus Strategy was adopted.

Under this policy, rural e-commerce centres called “Taobao villages” were formed.

Online sales of native specialties and farm produce was stimulated.

This abetted China to create employment to more than one million people.

Relocation Policy

China relocated people living in environmentally fragile or remote regions to areas closer to cities and capitals.

Under this, in the middle of 2016 and 2020, China had moved more than 9.81 million people.

Five-Batch Strategy

Under the strategy, industrial development, eco-compensation, relocation, social security and edification were adopted.

Seven Institutional organisations such as investment, registration, social mobilization, assistance, multi-channel and all-around supervision and assessment system were adopted.

Latest Developments

In poverty alleviation plan (2016-2020), Chinese Government allocated 13 billion USD to improve poverty in 2019.

Bihar migratory bird festival

Bihar is planning its first ever migratory bird fiesta this year. This is a three-day festival to be organised in Bhagalpur District. It is to be co-operatively organised by Bhagalpur forest division, Bombay Natural History Society and the local Mandar Nature Club. The region houses a huge number of migratory birds in the midst of November and March every year. The festival is planned to check cases of thieving in the region.

Background

The festival is being organised mainly because the sixty-kilometre long Vikramshila Dolphin sanctuary between Kahalagon and Sultanganj has been a centre of migratory birdies for a long time. The migratory birds arrive to the region mainly between March and November as they find the region complimentary to spend the winter.

The main motive of holding the festival is to generate awareness among the people about the importance of migratory birds.

What are the migratory birds arriving in the region?

The migratory birds coming in the region are steppe eagle, Eurasian curlew, Ferrunginous duck, Eurasian coot, common greenshank, great crested grebe.

Migratory Flyways in India

India has three migratory flyways. They are the flight orbits or path used by the birds. The flyways are Asian East Asian Flyway, Central Asian Flyway and East Asian Australasian Flyway. The estimations of the migratory species in India has enlarged from 44 to 46 after COP13. COP 13 was the Agreement on the Conservation of Migratory species of Wild Animals. It was held in India in February 2020.

The East Asian Australasian Flyway ranges from North America and Arctic Russia to the southern limits of New Zealand and Australia. The Central Asian Flyways comes over 30 countries. It includes their breeding lands in Russia to the southernmost non-breeding grounds in South and West Asia, India and Maldives.

The Asian East Asian Flyway outspreads from Arctic Russia to South Africa and Madagascar in Africa. It covers Himalayas and the Tibet plateau.

Mahaparinirvana Divas: December 6

The demise anniversary of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar, which falls on December 6, is named as Mahaparinirvana Divas. On this day each year, millions of persons throng to Dr Ambedkar’s Samadhi in Mumbai, which is called Chaitya bhoomi to pay respect to the father of Indian Constitution. This year, due to the on-going epidemic, the Maharashtra government has advised people to refrain from visiting this site and observe the day staying home.

What is Mahaparinirvan?

Mahaparinirvan is one of the main goals of Buddhism. It means ‘’Nirvana after death”. Parinirvan is scripted as Parinibbana in Pali. Pali language is native to Indian continent. The Buddhist manuscript “Mahaparinibbana Sutta” reflects the death of Lord Buddha at the age of 80 as the original Mahaparinirvan.

Why is Demise anniversary of Dr Ambedkar celebrated on Mahaparinirvana Divas?

Dr Ambedkar died in a few days after finishing his work “The Buddha and his Dhamma”. Also, he changed to Buddhism after studying the religion for years together. He changed to Buddhism on October 14, 1956 in Nagpur along with five lakh admirers. These enthusiasts considered Dr Ambedkar as their Buddhist leader. Also, he was considered as a Buddhist guru for his contributions to the abolition of untouchability. Thus, Ambedkar’s death anniversary is named as Mahaparinirvan Divas.

About Dr B R Ambedkar

Ambedkar is known as the father of constitution of India. He was the first minister of law and Justice of independent India and is considered as the chief draftsman of the Constitution of India. He was an Indian economist, jurist, social reformer and politician. He encouraged several dalit Buddhist movements and fought against social discernment towards untouchables. He on doctor it’s in Economics from University of London and Columbia University.

In 1956, he converted to Buddhism and started mass changes of the lips. He was awarded with the India’s utmost civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1990.

 

 

NRI Voting

The Election Commission lately proposed the usage of postal ballot to enable NRIs (Non-Resident Indians) to cast their votes. This could be done using the ETPBS or Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot System. The NRIs got voting rights only in 2011 by an alteration to the Representation of Peoples Act, 1950. Currently, NRIs can only vote in person in the electorate where their residence is located. This often shows to be a costly affair as they have to travel in from overseas for the sole determination of casting their votes.

According to the ECI, it is technically prepared to extend the ETPBS to the voters in Tamil Nadu, Assam, Kerala, West Bengal and Puducherry.

What are the provisions for voting in India?

The Government of India permits its citizens to vote in three different ways namely by post, in person and through proxy. Proxy Voting was presented in 2003, only for NRIs residing in few listed countries. On the other hand, postal ballot includes ballots being directed by posts.

The Supreme Court in 2013 and 2014 shaped a 12-member committee to study the three main options for voting namely online voting, voting by post and voting at an Indian mission abroad. The Committee lined out online polling as it felt that it could cooperate with the secrecy of voting. The Committee also suggested that additional alternate options of proxy voting and e-postal ballot voting should be provided. The Law Ministry agreed to the commendations made on proxy voting.

Recent Scenario

According to the United Nations, there are 16 million Indians existing in diverse parts of the world. In 2014 Parliamentary election, only 25,000 flew to India to cast their votes.

Working of the ETBPS

The NRI interested in voting has to notify the returning officer within five days after the notification of election. The returning officer will then dispatch the ballot paper by electronic means. The NRI voters should then download the ballot paper, mark their preference, print and send it back to the returning officer along with a declaration attested by a consular representative of India where the NRI is residing.

 

 

Veteran actor Ravi Patwardhan died at the age of 84

Veteran actor Ravi Patwardhan, best known for featuring in the Marathi show Aggabai Sasubai and 1980s Hindi films such as Tezaab and Ankush, died on Saturday by a massive heart attack, his elder son Niranjan Patwardhan said. He was 84.

SII got the DCGI nod

The Serum Institute of India (SII) on 06-12-2020 became the first native company to apply to the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) seeking emergency use sanction for the Oxford COVID­19 vaccine in the country, citing unmet medical requirements due to the pandemic and in the concern of the public at large.

The phase­3 clinical trial of the Oxford COVID­19 vaccine, Covishield, is being directed by the Pune based SII, co­sponsored by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), in numerous parts of the country in addition to clinical studies being carried out by Oxford AstraZeneca in the UK and Brazil.

Based on phase 2 and 3 clinical trial consequences, the SII with the help of the ICMR, will pursue early availability of the vaccine for India, the country’s apex health research body had said last month. According to the ICMR, the SII has already prepared 40 million doses of the vaccine under the at-risk manufacturing and storing license it obtained from the DCGI.

 

 

Kandie licks half marathon world record

Kenya’s Kibiwott Kandie smashed the men’s half marathon world record in Valencia on Sunday in a time of 57 minutes 32 seconds. He was nearly half a minute faster than the earlier record of 58min 01sec set by his countryman Geoffrey Kamworor in September, 2019. Five seconds late was Ugandan Jacob Kiplimo. Genzebe Dibaba on her debut at the distance won the women’s race in 1hr 05:18.

Kibiwott Kandie was born in 20 June 1996.

He won the silver medal in the men’s race at the 2020 World Athletics Half Marathon Championships held in Gdynia, Poland in October 2020

In 2020, he won the Ras Al Khaimah Half Marathon held in Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates.

 He also won the Prague 21.1 km event at the Prague Half Marathon held in Prague, Czech Republic. This was an invitation-only half marathon for elite runners. This event was held after the Prague Half Marathon was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.