AFPA

Central Vista Project: Judicial Review

 

Recently, the Supreme Court did not consider the Central Vista project as a special one requiring a high-level judicial review. 

The Supreme Court cleared that the Union Government is allowed to commit errors or achieve success in policy-related matters without the interference of the apex court as far as it is bound to constitutional principles.

Central Vista Project includes Rashtrapati Bhavan, Parliament House (comprising halls for both Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha), India Gate, etc. The Judicial review is an element brought in the Indian Constitution by referring to the American Constitution.

What is Judicial Review?

–        It provides reviewing capacity to the judges of the Supreme Court. The judges test the lawfulness of any decision taken instead of the rights or wrongs of the verdict reached.

–        It is also known as the interpretational and observer role of the Indian Judiciary.

–        In Indira Gandhi vs. Raj Narain Case, 1975, the judicial review is considered as the basic structure of the constitution.

Types of Judicial Review:

1)      Reviews of Legislative Actions.

2)      Reviews of Administrative Action.

3)      Review of Judicial Review.

Importance of Judicial Review:

–        It maintains the supremacy of the constitution.

–        It checks the misuse of the power of legislature and executives.

–        Protects Fundamental Rights entitled to the citizen of India.

–        It maintains the federal balance between the State and the Union.

–        It secures the third pillar of democracy. That is the judiciary.

Main problems associated with judicial review:

–        It restricts the government

–        Repeated Interventions of court diminish the integrity and faith of people in a democracy.

 

 

Solidarity and Stability Deal between Qatar and other Gulf Cooperation Council countries

 

41st Session of the Gulf Cooperation Council Summit was conducted in Al Ula, Saudi Arabia. The most important part of the session as far as India is concerned was the signing of Solidarity and Stability Deal which revokes the sanctions imposed on Qatar by the GCC. There are six members of GCC- Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE & Oman.

Why Sanctions were imposed?

–        Qatar was allegedly declared as a close ally of Iran and other Islamists radical groups.

–        Qatar was alleged to provide its support and terror funding to Iran its supportive groups outlawed by two influential countries of GCC, Saudi Arabia & UAE. 

New Deal:

Land, Sea, and Air borders are now been opened for Qatar as the sanctions are revoked. The reason cited for the move is to unite the efforts against the challenges confronted by the Iranian Regime’s Nuclear and Ballistic Missile Program.

Gulf Cooperation Council-

A group of six countries established in 1981 by an agreement. This Social, political, regional, the economical organization works to maintain special relations, geographic proximity, similar political systems, joint destiny, and common national interests.

Why it is important for India?

–        The economic and political relationship between GCC & India has increased in recent times.

–        The bilateral trade has reached 121 Billion USD.

–        34% of the crude requirements of India has been secured by the GCC.

–        GCC provides substantial investments in Indian Hydrocarbon Sector.

–        The angle of Indian Diaspora is also involved as the workforce of 7 million Indian origin workers reside in GCC Countries.

–        Defence and Security cooperation are reaching to new heights.

 

Asian Waterbird Census

 

Under the aegis of Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), Andhra Pradesh has conducted two days Asian Waterbird Census.

Importance of the Census

–        It gives an idea of the birds at the wetlands and the health of the wetlands.

–        Collected data helps to promote designation and management of important wetlands like Ramsar sites, Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas.

Ramsar Sites

India has 42 Ramsar Sites, latest one is Tso Kar Wetland complex of Ladakh.

A Ramsar Site is a wetland site designated to be of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. The Convention on Wetlands, known as the Ramsar Convention, is an intergovernmental environmental treaty established in 1971 by UNESCO, which came into force in 1975.

 

 

Yakshagana, a theatre form of Karnataka

 

Yakshagana is a traditional theatre form and a temple art form that showcases the mythological stories and Puranas.

Various regions and their dance forms:

Tamasha = Maharashtra

Nautanki = Uttar Pradesh

Bhavai = Gujarat

Jatra = WB/OD/BR

Koodiyattam = Kerala

Mudiyettu = Kerala

Bhaona = Assam

Maach = Madhya Pradesh

Bhand Pather = Kashmir

 

 

“Five Eyes” group to respond against threats faced by Uighurs has been joined by Japan

 

Who are Uighurs?

Uighurs or Uyghurs are the ethnic groups of China. Majorly this community resides in Xinjian Province of North Western China. The ethnic community is allegedly persecuted by the Chinese Community.

Five Eyes Group

–        It is a group of five nation comprises Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the United States & the United Kingdom.

–        Recently, Japan has joined the Five Eyes” group to respond against threats faced by Uighurs.

 

Railway ministry led by Union Minister Piyush Goyal released a booklet ‘Building an Aatmanirbhar Bharat”

Notifying the significant achievements and initiatives of Indian Railways in the year 2020, Minister Piyush Goyal released a booklet ‘Building an Aatmanirbhar Bharat.

Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council organization released “Action Agenda for Aatmanirbhar Bharat”.

 

 

Soma Mondal, new and 1st woman chairperson of Steel Authority of India

From 1st Jan 2021, the Chairmanship of Steel Authority of India has been handed over to Soma Mondal. She becomes the first female chairperson of the PSU, having 74.9% Govt stakes, since its inception.

 

 

The first Migrant Worker Cell is inaugurated in Surat

Dharmendra Pradhan, Cabinet Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas and Steel has inaugurated a migrant worker cell at Surat in Gujarat. It is the first of its king initiative in the country.

The aim is to create a database of migrant workers in Surat city. The city consists of over 15 lakh migrant workers working in various sector. The data is required during natural calamities and other situations like pandemic.

The migrant cell will note down the original names, present address, address of native place and other details. The city realized the need for such database during the recently Covid-19 pandemic. Various services can be provided to the migrant workers once the database will be ready.

 

 

First wooden satellite to reduce space junk

Japan becomes the First country to start an initiative to make wooden satellite to reduce space junk

  • Sumitomo Forestry, a Japanese company and Kyoto University are working launch the world’s first wood-based space satellite space junk problems.
  • The initiative is in initial stage. Research team is testing several wooden material to find a suitable one for space missions and to develop wooden materials that can withstand extreme temperature changes and sunlight.

 

 

40th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica has been launched from Mormugao port Goa

The 40th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica (ISEA) from Mormugao Port, Goa with 43 members on board, January 5, 2021, departed for the South Pole.

India has two stations in Antarctica — Maitri and Bharati currently being operated under the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), Union Ministry of Earth Sciences.