Bharat Dynamics Limited started delivery of Akash Missiles
Bharat Dynamics Limited has started delivering the indigenously developed Akash Surface to Air Missile System to the Indian Army. Lt Gen A. P. Singh, Director General, Army Air Defence has received and flagged off the delivery.
About the Missile:
The missile was developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation, its manufacturing responsibility has been handed over to Bharat Dynamics Limited.
The missile can destroy aerial threats like UAVs, Fighter jets, missiles, etc. within the 25 km range and 20 km altitude.
It can reach the target with a 1.8 to 2.5 Mach speed.
The missile is designed and developed to fulfill the requirements of both the Indian Army and the Indian Airforce.
In 2014, the Indian Air Force inducted its version, followed by the induction of the Army version in the Indian Army in 2015.
Variants of both the forces have been designed by DRDO and manufactured by the BDL.
Its advanced version, Akash-NG is under development.
The maiden launch of the advanced version Surface to air missile was conducted from the Integrated Test Range of Balasore, Odisha.
The missile is export ready. Also, the Union cabinet has approved the export of the Akash Weapon System.
In 2024, India is expecting $5 Billion dollars in Defence Sector through Akash Missile Export.
The overall turnover of Indian Defence Manufacturing is expected to cross $25 billion by 2025.
About Bharat Dynamics Limited:
Chairman and Managing Director- Commodore Siddharth Mishra
HQ – Hyderabad, Telangana
Variants of COVID-19 virus is responsible for recent surge
Worldwide surge in COVID-19 patients is expected due to the variants from the original.
The mutation of COVID-19 virus is making it more transmissible as suggested by the evolutionary theory.
The surge is occurring due to new variants is affecting more to younger adults as compared to the initial variant of the virus
What can be done?
Need of Genetic Sequencing of the Virus.
Data like Age, Sex, Travel, contact with other positive patients, habits like smoking, liquor, diseases like Blood pressure, Lungs, Diabetes, etc. should be collected and maintained by a central website in each State.
Better reporting of cases and deaths is needed.
Municipality should track the daily if there is an increase in presumed COVID-19 deaths.
Surveys should be done why some populations are not affected.
Inequality in Vaccination:
Educated, connected urban elites and affluent are vaccinating quickly as compared to poorer, less educated, and rural.
Without having to prove anything the vaccination should reach people over the age of 45.
Preparation for future pandemics:
It is expected that COVID-19 will turn into a seasonal challenge, hence a National Adult Vaccination Programme is necessary.
Increased transportation (country to country) may lead us to an era where major biological diseases are not once a century events but once a decade.
India contributed $3,00,000 for gender equality to the UN
India’s Permanent Secretary to the United Nations T. S. Tirumurthy has informed that India has contributed $3,00,000 (which amounts approx. Rs 2.2 Cr) to the United Nation’s Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women).
India is working to reaffirm its support towards Gender Equality and Women Empowerment.
India was elected as Members of UN Commission on Status of Women
India supported the Indonesia’s resolution for the Greater Participation of Women in Peacekeeping Forces.
Note: Indian Army officer & peacekeeper Major Suman Gawani received the United Nations’ Military Gender Advocate of the Year award
She was recognised for her contribution in South Sudan.
Sustainable Development Goals – Goal 5 – Achieving Gender Equality and Empower all Women and Girls
According to United Nations Development Program and UN Women, COVID—19 Pandemic will increase the poverty rate of women and increase the gap between men and women in poverty.
Indian Navy participated in Exercise La Perouse
La Perouse is a multilateral maritime exercise being conducted in Eastern Ocean Region.
This is the first occasion when India is participating in the Exercise.
– INS Satpura
– INS Kiltan
INS Satpura consists of an integral helicopter embarked on it.
P8i Maritime Surveillance aircraft will also be participating in the exercise.
Other Participating Navies:
– French Navy
– Royal Australian Navy
– Japan Maritime Self Defence Force
– United States Navy
Complex Operations including anti-surface warfare, anti-air warfare, and air defence exercises, cross deck flying operations, air defence exercises, tactical maneuvers, etc.
Why this exercise?
To increase the synergy, coordination, and inter-operability among the friendly navies.
For demonstrating shared values with friendly navies with an aim to make Indo-Pacific region more inclusive, free of dangerous influence, and bound to international laws.
National Policy on Rare Disease, 2021
National Policy on Rare Disease Approved.
About the Policy:
It aims to reduce the high cost of treatment for rare diseases with increased focus on indigenous research.
It also aims to lower the cost of development and local production of treatment for rare diseases.
The policy will help to create a national hospital based registry of rare diseases.
Along with Nidan Kendras, Health and Wellness Centres & District Early Interventions Centres will be constructed for early screening and prevention.
At tertiary level also, health care facilities will be improved for which financial support of up to Rs. 5 Crores for upgradation of diagnostic facilities.
First Sqn of Rafale Fighter jet to be fleet ready
According to an Indian Air Force official, with an induction of more jets in the later part of this month, the first squadron of Rafale jet, No. 17 Sqn Golden Arrows (Ambala) will be fully aircraft equipped.
Hasimara Air Base will be raised as a second Rafale Sqn in West Bengal.
India signed a multibillion deal in Sep 2016 with France for 36 war ready aircrafts.
A five jet batch was received amidst the pandemic which includes, three single seat and two twin seater trainer aircraft.
Second batch of 3 jets arrived in Nov 2020 followed by a batch of 3 more jets in Jan 2021.
According to the Airforce Chief, Dassault will provide 2 to 3 aircrafts every month till the order of 36 aircraft get completed. By the end of 2021 1st Sqn will be ready and by the end of 2023 the second sqn will be fully fleet equipped.
DRDO developed Chaff technology
A Jodhpur based DRDO laboratory named Defence Laboratory Jodhpur has indigenously designed and developed an Advanced Chaff Technology to protect Indian Naval Ships from Missile Attack.
The technology consists of 3 variants as follows:
– Short Range Chaff Rocket
– Medium range Chaff Rocket
– Long range Chaff Rocket
All Chaff Rocket variants have been tested successfully in the Arabian Sea in Navy Ships.
What is Chaff Technology?
It is electronic technology used by armed forces to safeguard their water assets like ships, radars, submarines, etc. by distracting the radars of enemy and Radio FREQUENCY missile seekers (used by enemy to detect our assets).
They are generally a piece of aluminium, plastic or glass fibre disbursed in air by in order to make them appear as a primary target to confuse the adversaries.
These thin pieces swamps the screen with number of returns and confuses the enemy radars and interceptors.
About Indian Version:
The most important is that very thin element is deployed to deflect the radars of enemy, which means, larger threats can be deviated with such a small amount of investment to safeguard crores of rupees ships and coastal military infrastructure.
Indian industries can manufacture such a Chaff in huge numbers, hence, is a step towards Aatmanirbhar Bharat.
“Sankalp se Siddhi” – Village and Digital Connect Drive
The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED), has launched “Sankalp se Siddhi” – Village and Digital Connect Drive. TRIFED works under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
What is the main aim of the drive?
The main aim of this drive is to activate the Van Dhan Vikas Kendras (VDVKs) in the villages.
About Sankalp se Siddhi Drive:
The drive will allow around 150 teams (10 in each region from TRIFED and State Implementation Agencies/Mentoring Agencies/Partners) to visit ten villages each.
Hence, 100 villages in each region and 1500 villages across the nation will be covered.
The visiting teams will also identify olaces and will select potential Van Dhan Vikas Kendras for clustering as TRIFOOD, and SFURTI units as larger enterprises.
What is SFURTI?
SFURTI stands for Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries, is a scheme of the Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) to increase the income of tribal people.
Rs. 200 crore Sales during a next year is targeted.
The 150 teams will also find tribal artisans and other groups and so that they can have access to larger markets through the Tribes India network – both physical outlets and online market through TribesIndia.com.
Other Involvements of the TRIFED:
Village and Digital Connect Initiative:
To ensure that existing schemes and initiatives reach the tribals, TRIFED’s have been identifying villages with a significant tribal population.
Schemes for Ensuring Fair Prices to Tribals:
Schemes such as Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) Through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and Development of Value Chain for MFP provide MSP to gatherers of forest produces.
These schemes allow to gather sustainable resources by addressing the problems that tribals face.
Following problems are generally faced by tribals?
– Perishable nature of the produce.
– Lack of holding capacity.
– Lack of marketing infrastructure.
– Exploitation by middlemen, etc.
Modern support for Tribals:
Modern Tribal support program aims to convert 5 crore Tribal Entrepreneurs by capacity building and provinding entrepreneurship skills to tribal forest produce gatherers enrolled under the Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana (PMVDY).
The Van Dhan Vikas Yojana was launched to improve tribal incomes through value addition of tribal products by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
The program will allow Tribal Entrepreneurs to run their business with marketable products with quality certifications.
Van Dhan Vikas Kendras:
Van Dhan Vikas Kendras have been provided by Van Dhan Vikas Yojana.
Van Dhan Vikas Kendra (VDVKs) are skill upgradation and capacity building training institutes for upgrading skill sets of tribal to match the market requirement.
Tribals are trained here to add value to the products, which they collect from the jungle.
Financial supports is also provided.
Unique Land Parcel Identification Number System for each land parcel
The Union Govt will soon roll out the Unique Land Parcel Identification Number System (ULPIN) in the nation for allotting distinct IDs for each land parcel.
The ULPIN will be of 14-digits.
It will allotted accordiong tp the Geo reference coordinates of the plot.
It will ensure uniqueness in all transactions and help maintain land records with the help of link foe all property transactions.
It will also help to establish citizen services of land records through a single platform.
It may make the sharing of records data across the departments, financial institutions, and all stakeholders.
It will ensure long term goals of union govt of making land banks and Integrated Land Information Management System, as proper land statistics and land accounting will be available.