US is facing difficulties while pulling its soldiers out
The United States of America has decided to pull out its soldiers from Afghan soil by 1st May 2021. The deadline is approaching, and the US president is feeling the heat as he is facing difficulties during the decision making.
According to the US – Taliban agreement the US has to withdraw its Marines from Afghanistan Soil.
President Joe Biden has said it would be difficult given the levels of violence in Afghanistan.
US is more likely to release prisoners and delisting of sanctioned Terrorists of Taliban to incentivize an extension of the agreement.
The other favorable option for the US is to scrap the Feb 2020 and back Ghani Govt.
What are the plans for Ghani Govt?
The US wants Ghani to negotiate with the Taliban for power sharing and discuss principles of future governance.
What is President Ghani’s Plan?
He is pursuing his own peace plan.
Ghani is in favor of the election. He wants the Taliban to participate in the election and let the people of Afghanistan decide their government democratically.
He wants India to be a part of regional talks as it is a development partner and a stakeholder.
What is India’s stand?
India is a supporter of the ‘Afghan-owned, Afghan-led, Afghan-controlled’ government followed by peace processes.
Hence India finds fine-tuning with President Ashraf Ghani as it gives hope of a democratic process, supports women and minorities. This is not expected from the Taliban.
But India has not closed the options to talk with the Taliban if they come to power.
India always wants to be an integral part of the process as it is in the national interest.
Bihar becomes the 1st State of India to have two Green Energy Efficient Towns
Two towns of Bihar, Rajgir, and Bodhgaya are now set to get Solar Energy through their 1st of its kind Renewable Energy Project from 2023.
Hence, Bihar is set to become the 1st state of India to have two Green Energy Efficient Towns.
Solar Energy Corporation of India will develop and supply the green energy required.
Two 500 MW Solar energy plants are planned to set up in Lakhisarai and Bhagalpur owing to implement the project.
Important govt houses like Governor House, Museum, Vidhyut Bhawan, High Court, etc will be run by the green energy developed by the SECI.
Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI)
The corporation was set up in 2011.
It is the only PSU dedicated to Solar Energy.
However, the company mandates to cover all Renewable Energy options.
It works under the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
India started to buy crude oil from Guyana
A joint venture of state-run Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL) and a private firm Mittal Energy Limited becomes the first Indian company to buy crude oil from Guyana.
A 1-million barrel cargo will arrive at Gujarat’s Mundra Port in the first week of April.
The Joint Venture operates approx. 226000 barrels per day in a refinery situated in Bhatinda, Punjab.
India is the third largest buyer of oil in the world, and finding new partners owing to the diversification of imports to cut its dependency on volatile Middle East countries.
During April 2020-Jan 2021, India’s oil import from OPEC fell to a historic low.
It was established in 2007
Present Prabh Das is the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of the JV.
Noida, Uttar Pradesh is the HQ of the company.
Joint Study on Migration
The India Centre for Migration (A research think tank of the Ministry of External Affairs) has collaborated with the International Organization for Migration to study Migration in India under ‘Strengthening data-informed and migrant-centered migration management framework in India’.
What is the aim of the study?
To solve the issues of International Migration that gained momentum during COvid-19 recovery efforts.
To apply gender sensitive approaches and policies.
What are the objectives of the study?
– To collect a data to strengthen evidence based policymaking.
– To find out new migration corridors.
– To find out aspiring migrations in emerging sectors.
The study will also examine the impacts of technology changes.
The study will also help to chalk out bilateral and multilateral agreements.
The study will also incentivize safe, legal, smart, and sustainable migration.
MICE Roadshow by the Ministry of Tourism
The Ministry of Tourism has launched the MICE Roadshow Meet in India at the Chhatrasal Convention Centre in Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh.
The Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has also inaugurated the Chhatrasal Convention Centre at the same place jointly with the Tourism minister Prahalad Singh Patel.
MICE stands for Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, and Exhibitions.
It is the initiative of the Tourism Ministry to promote India’s iconic tourist spots.
‘Operation Thiruvallur’ – Unexploded Ordnance Safely disposed off
Under Operation Thiruvallur, the Indian Army has disposed of the unexploded 10 tonnes of explosion in Tamil Nadu. The operation was launched by the Indian Army’s Southern Command Troops, Pune. The operation was jointly conducted by the Ministry of Defence and Tamil Nadu State Govt.
The Army Bomb Disposal Squad was the core team to conduct the operation.
1st Airport to have Parallel Runway in South India
The Kempegowda International Airport, Bengaluru becomes the first airport in South India to have parallel runways. The initiative was taken as the northern runways of the airport were under maintenance for renovation and upgrades in June 2020.
India to miss 2022 Renewable Energy Targets – Global Wind Energy Council Report 2021
According to the 16th Global Wind Energy Council Report 2021, India may miss the renewable energy capacity target which was set for 2022. India was working to generate 175 GW Renewable Energy by 2022 which includes, 100 GW Solar, 60 GW Wind, 10 GW Bio-energy, 5GW Small Hydro.
Hurdles to achieve the target:
– Land Allocation
– Grid Availability
Worldwide the year 2020 is the best year as far as wind energy capacity generation is concerned. About 93 GW new capacity were installed in 2020 itself.
About Global Wind Energy Council:
Ben Blackwell is the Chief Executing Officer of GWEC
Its HQ is situated in Brussels, Belgium