AFPA

ADB has stepped forward to sign loan agreement for Power Distribution Sector of Meghalaya

A 133 million USD loan Arrangement has been recently inked between Government of India and Asian Development Bank. Agreement was signed to brace the power circulation sector in the state of Meghalaya. However, loan is also to be accompanied with a 2 million USD allowance from the Asian Development Bank Japan fund for poverty lessening. This fund was fundamentally allocated for backing renewable energy ventures and sustenance income generation events for disadvantaged groups and womenfolk. The fund is said to be used to back renewable energy mini-grids to expand power worth.

The credit is to be used to revolutionize the power circulation network in Meghalaya and expand quality of power in productions, homes and industries. Though, the state of Meghalaya has accomplished 100% electrification, still far-flung villages in the state grieve from frequent power slashes. This is mostly due to out-of-date technology used in substations and encumbered distribution network that as a consequence causes high power losses.

The assets are to be used to build 23 substations, update 45 substations and upgrade 2,214 kilometres of supply lines. Apart from these smart metres are to be fitted in 1,80,000 houses.

The capitals assigned will help the state in executing its “24/7 Power for all” campaign.

24/7 Power for all Initiative:

It is a shared initiative of Government of India and the state government. It objects to provide incessant power supply to all houses, commercial industries, manufacturing and other communal needs.

Power set-up in Meghalaya:

The state consumes cohort capacity of 3,000 megawatts of electricity. The existing installed capacity of the people of the region is 185 megawatts. But the state now utilises 610 megawatts. This means that it is bringing in electricity from other states whereas it has the potential to distribute net hydroelectric power.

The state government of Meghalaya has strategies to upsurge the power generation of the state by 2000-2500 megawatts of which 700- 980 megawatts will be thermal built and the remaining to be hydroelectric power. This is to be accomplished under public private partnership model.

At present, thermal power plan has been projected at the Garo Hills and is probable to produce 751 megawatts of power. It is also suggested that 250 megawatts of thermal power should be to set up in West Khasi Hills.

 

 

National Pollution Control Day on December 2

Each year, India observes the National Pollution Control Day on December 2. The day is recalled in the remembrance of the persons who lost their breathes in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy.

The national pollution control day is renowned in India to make the peoples conscious of regulations that exist in India that help to hold pollution.

What are the laws of India that prevent and control pollution in the country?

The Government of India has made several guidelines and acts to control and avert pollution in India. They are as follows:

National environment tribunal act, 1995, Noise pollution regulation and control rules, 2000, Chemical accidents emergency, preparedness, planning and response rules, 1996,  Ozone depleting substances regulation rules, 2000, Recycled plastics manufacture and usage rules, 1999, Maharashtra biodegradable garbage control ordinance, 2006, Batteries management and handling rules, 2001, Municipal solid waste management and handling rules, 2000, etc.

Bhopal gas disaster:

The Bhopal gas catastrophe happened on December 2nd and 3rd, 1984. During the tragedy noxious chemical methyl isocyanate leaked from a pesticide plant at Union carbide India in Bhopal. This brought more than 500 thousand individuals to the fatal gas. About 2259 persons died instantly. After this, the Government of India declared that the catastrophe killed around 25,000 individuals. It was recorded as the major industrial adversity in the world.

Air Litter in India:

India has nearly 21 out of 30 most contaminated cities in the world. Conferring to World Health Organization, about 140 million individuals in the state breath air that is ten times below the safe edge set by WHO.

The World Malaria Report, 2020

The World Malaria Report, 2020 has been issued by the World Health Organisation. By means of the report, India chronicled the largest lessening in malaria cases in South East Asia. The number of actual cases have reduced from 20 million in 2000 to about 5.6 million in 2019. The report also specified that the worldwide malaria case count has continued to be unchanged for the previous four years. In 2019, the figure was around 2290 lakhs. As stated by the world Malaria report, 2020 organized by the World Health Organisation, India was one amongst the 11 uppermost Malaria problem countries of the world.

Key findings of the report:

India is the major contributor of Malaria cases in the south-east Asia region and about 88% of Malaria cases in the region are from India.

India has abridged the Malaria cases by 21% from 2018 to 2019.

India has also curtailed the malarial demises in the past two years. In 2019, the number of expiries due to malaria in India was 409,000 while it was 411,000 in 2018. This has made India one of the major contributors to reduce the malaria cases in the south-east Asia region.

Consistent with the report the highest Malaria burden nations were Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Cameron, India, Mali, Nigeria and United Republic of Tanzania. These nations described to carry almost 70% of global estimated Malaria problem. Most of these states were from Africa.

African region reported to more than 90% of total malarial disease load. However, since 2000 the number of Malaria demises in the continent has lessened by 44%.

The progress in contrast to malaria has not augmented according to the WHO description. It is largely due to the breaks in access to life saving tackles and covid-19 epidemic. Moreover, it is also due to deficit in funding at both Countrywide and worldwide levels. The malarial capital in 2019 touched 3 billion USD as contrary to the target of 5.6 billion USD.

World Malaria Day: It is celebrated on April 25.

 

 

Government of the state of Rajasthan has hurled opened its first organ donor memorial

The memorial was inaugurated on 27th November on the occasion of 11th National Organ Donation Day. The location of the memorial is Jaipur Rajasthan. It was inaugurated virtually by Rajasthan CM Ashok Gehlot.

The memorial is encouraged by the famous Jantar Mantar of Jaipur which was built by the famous Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur who was also founder of Jaipur. However, the organ donor memorial is designed by Sameer Wheaton.

Delhi Government has decided to give masks in return for plastic waste as per its new campaign

The Municipal Council of New Delhi has led a drive on 01-12-2020, under which public can get masks in exchange of plastic left-over at an assortment centre in the premises of Charkha Museum in Connaught Place.

The campaign named ‘Plastic Lao, Mask Pao’ campaign has been launched in sponsorship with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and was given a go ahead by Chief Secretary Vijay Kumar Dev. 

As a fragment of the campaign, a mini collection centre has been established on the grounds of Charkha Museum where individuals bringing plastic leftover will get reusable fabric masks. The centre is said to be open on all working days from 11a.m. to 5 p.m.

 

 

Ramakrishnan, former Director of ISRO’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre passed away

Ramakrishnan, former Director of Indian Space Research Organisation’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre passed away on 01-12-2020 at the age of 71. He joined the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, a lead centre of the ISRO, in August 1972.

Mr. Ramakrishnan joined the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre a key centre of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), in August 1972 after advancing from the College of Engineering, Guindy, and obtaining his MTech in Astronautics from IIT, Madras.

He emerged as a member of the SLV-3 project team accountable for the progress of India’s primary satellite launch vehicle under the headship of A.P. J. Abdul Kalam. He then enthused to the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) plan in 1983 and operated on liquid momentum structures. He was also project manager for the PSLV persistence programme, and later, mission director for the PSLV C1, C2, C3 and C4 flights.

In 2003, he acquired over as Mission Director, GSLV-Mk III. He developed as head administrator of the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) in 2010, and 3 years later, he took over as Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre Director.

Ramakrishnan is a receiver of the Dr Biren Roy Award deliberated by the Aero Society of India, the Astronautical Society Award for outstanding contributions to launch vehicle development and operationalisation of the PSLV and Padma Shri in 2003.

About Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre:

It is one of the major centres of ISRO where the development activities and design related works are carried out. It is located at Thiruvanthapuram.

About ISRO:

Indian Space Research Organisation is the national interstellar agency of the State of India, headquartered in Bengaluru. It works under Department of Space (DoS) which is unswervingly overseen by the prime minister of India whereas chairman of ISRO acts as administrative of Department of Space as well. ISRO is the major agency in India to accomplish tasks related to space-based requests, space investigation and expansion of related technologies. It is one of six government space agencies in the world which own full introduction capabilities, position cryogenic locomotives, launch interplanetary assignments and operate large taskforces of non-natural satellites.

 

 

C32 LH2: largest-ever cryogenic propellant tank handed over to ISRO

C32 LH2 is the largest-ever cryogenic propellant tank of its kind industrialized by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. It was distributed to ISRO lately. It is designed to intensify the payload ability of ISRO’S Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III) as of 4 tonnes to 6 tonnes. The purpose is to create self-sufficiency with regards to carrying heftier communication cables into space.

About C32 LH2 Tank:

It is a cryogenic propulsive tank made of aluminium amalgam. The tank can weight 5,755 kg of propellant fuel.

At present, India is reliant on French Guiana to launch weightier communicative satellites (of 5 to 6 tonnes). C32 LH2 will put a finish to India’s requirement of a foreign country to launch its missions and will boost its self-reliance.

What are Cryogenic fuels?

Cryogenic means small temperature and any fuel that requires enormously low storing temperature. They are generally used in astronomical flights as the temperature is less. Therefore, the space atmosphere cannot support ignition. And so, extremely low temperature oils are desirable. Usually the cryogenic appliances use fluid hydrogen as fuel and fluid oxygen as oxidiser because of oxygen’s property to be reserved in liquid state that is below -183 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, the liquid hydrogen is kept at -253 degree Celsius. Liquid Oxygen is highly responsive and can be used as a propellant to transport heavy loads.

How did India obtain Cryogenic Knowledge?

India attained the Cryogenic knowhow from the Russians. In 1991, the Soviet Union settled to transfer the knowledge to ISRO. The other countries such as US, Japan, Europe and China were diffident to share the technology with India at that time.

Significance of Cryogenic Technology:

The technology aids in space progressions. The cryogenic fuels are extremely economical as they are light in weight. Cryogenic Technology is clean and only products released out are oxygen and hydrogen. The technology will aid India develop a space supremacy.