AFPA

The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare has released a framework

 

The Union Minister has attended the Celebration of Foundation Day of Decadal year launch of the Indian Council of Medical Research – National Centre Disease Informatics and Research 9ICMR – NCDIR), Bengaluru, Karnataka, during which he released the framework.

The framework will be used in Management, Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke in India. Along with the framework, National Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) Monitoring Survey (NNMS) 2017-18 has also been released. The survey was done using standardized tools and methods.

NNMS Survey

  • The survey was conducted for the period 2017-18.
  • The year 2010 is considered as the base year to measure the progress.

The framework of Telemedicine

Objective: To boost healthcare systems in village or remote areas with an aim to reduce the inconvenience of patients to travel to hospitals for treatment of Non-Communicable Diseases.

ICMR-NCDIR

Director: Prashant Mathur

HQ: Bengaluru, Karnataka

 

 

 

An MoU has been signed between India And Bangladesh to launch Pupil Satellite TV

 

India and Bangladesh have signed an agreement to develop Pupil Satellite TV for the students of both countries.  SpaceKidz India (SKI) has signed the agreement on behalf of India, and from Bangladesh’s side, the agreement was inked by a global youth organization known as the Global Law Thinkers Society.

About Agreement

  • The SKI will train at least five college students from Bangladesh in Satellite systems and technology.
  • The ultimate aim of teaching students is to share knowledge with them so that they can make a satellite on their own. The satellite is expected to be equipped with a camera, intended temperature sensor, radiation counters, etc.
  • The 10*10*10 satellite is set to be launched through the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) of ISRP in the second half of the year.
  • The training program is set to start in April 2021.

Note: ‘India Sat’ is a satellite chosen by NASA (The USA based Aerospace Company) for launch in suborbital space in June this year. The satellite is developed by three students from Tamil Nadu, M. Adnaan, M. Kesavan, and V. Arun. It will be launched from NASA’s sounding rocket Rocket 7.

SpaceKidz

Founder & CEO: Srimathy Kesan

HQ: Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Bangladesh

Prime Minister: Bangladesh

Capital: Dhaka

 

 

 

AIIA launches AYU Samwad campaign

 

An awareness campaign on Ayurveda and CPVID-19 Pandemic, ‘Ayu Samwad,’ has been launched by the All-India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA), New Delhi. The institute works under the AYUSH Ministry. The five-day campaign will last up to Jan 30th.

The campaign is organized with the following Theme: ‘Ayurveda for COVID-19 Pandemic

The objective of the campaign

  • To educate people so that they can take care of their health as their own.
  • To create awareness regarding the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Features of the campaign

  • AIIA has organized a digital communication platform for the Ministry of AYUSH from 18th to Jan 21st, 2021.
  • State AYUSH Directors and National AYUSH will monitor the progress of the campaign.

Ministry of AYUSH

  • AYUSH – Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy.
  • Minister of State: Shripad Yesso Naik (Independent Charge) Temporary Charge Kiren Rijeju

AIIA

Director: Tanuja Nesari

Location: New Delhi

Program Director: Umesh Tagade

 

 

 

Ministry of Power has signed MoU with IEA

 

The Ministry of Power, India, has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the International Energy Agency members for a strategic partnership.

What are the main aims of strategic partnership?

  1. To strengthen mutual trust and cooperation.
  2. To enhance global energy security, stability, and sustainability.
  3. To allow the exchange of extensive knowledge among various stakeholders,

About IEA

IEA (International Energy Agency) is an autonomous intergovernmental organization based in Paris, France. It was founded in 1974 in the aftermath of the 1973 oil crisis.

Membership

A total of 30 countries are members of IEA.

India is not a member of the IEA.

 

 

 

Green Tax announced by the union government

 

The Union Government has announced the green tax on old vehicles. The Ministry of Toad Transport and Highways will charge green tax from the owners of vehicles older than eight years. The owner will pay the tax at the time of renewal of the fitness certificate. The tax will be 10% to 25% of the road tax (depending upon the fitness of the vehicle). Vehicles running in high pollution areas will be paying higher charges (up to 50% of road tax).

What is Green tax?

  • It is a move to disincentive the use of polluting vehicles with a primary aim to curb pollution in the country.
  • The amount collected through the tax will be utilized for tackling pollution only.

Which vehicles will be charged?

  • The tax will be levied on all vehicles except, Electric Vehicles, Vehicles running on alternate fuels like CNG, LPG, Ethanol, etc., and vehicles used for farming such as tractors, harvesters, tillers, etc.

Netherland conducted an online Climate Adaptation Summit 2021

 

About Climate Adaptation Summit

It is a global conference of world leaders to accelerate, innovate, speed up, and scale up the world’s initiatives in adapting sustainable climate change in the future by implementing mainly the Paris Agreement.

Netherland has virtually conducted the Climate Adaptation Summit (CAS). The summit was addressed by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi. The summit has seen participation from across the globe. From various corners of the world, dignitaries from mayor, businessman, academia, leaders, civil society, an international organization to youth representatives, etc., have participated.

Key Findings

The summit’s main aim is to accelerate action on climate adaptation by promoting, guiding, monitoring, and sharing experience by putting forth an Adaptation Action Agenda (AAA).

Key points from the PM’s address

  1. India to generate 450 Gigawatt (GW) Renewable energy capacity by the year 2021.
  2. Annually, India is saving 38 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions by promoting LED lights.
  3. By 2030, India is expected to restore 26 million hectares of degraded land.
  4. Through various schemes, the central Govt is committed to providing clean cooking fuel to 80 million households.
  5. Water supply through the pipelines is being planned to ensure a clean water supply to 64 million households.
  6. The PM also urged other nations to attend the Third International Conference on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure later this year in India.

 

 

 

Conference on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure

 

The Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) is an international coalition of countries, United Nations (UN) agencies, multilateral development banks, the private sector, and academic institutions that aims to promote disaster-resilient infrastructure. Its objective is to promote research and knowledge sharing in the fields of infrastructure risk management, standards, financing, and recovery mechanisms. It was launched by the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the 2019 UN Climate Action Summit in September 2019.

HQ: New Delhi, India.

Founded in September 2019.

 

 

 

14thJoint Working Group Meeting between India – UK was conducted online

 

To strengthen the international cooperation to combat terrorism, both India and the United Kingdom have conducted the 14th edition of Joint Working Group on Counter-Terrorism 2021. The Joint Secretary for Counter-Terrorism in the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), Mahaveer Singh, has represented India in the meeting. The UK side was led by Tom Hurd, Director General, Office of Security and Counter-Terrorism.

About the UK

Prime Minister: Boris Johnson

Capital: London

Currency: Pound Sterling

 

 

 

The United Nations General Assembly has adopted a resolution to safeguard religious sites across the world

 

A resolution titled ‘Promoting a Culture of Peace and Tolerance to Safeguard Religious Sites’ has been adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. Saudi Arabia has proposed the Resolution, which was co-sponsored by Aran nations, Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen, Bahrain, Egypt, Sudan, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Palestine.

Note: India also supported the Resolution.  

Key points of Resolution:

  • It condemns violence to express any religious point of view.
  • It condemns mockery or offenses against religious sites.
  • It also condemns forcible conversion of religions.
  • It condemns racial or religious hatred that constitutes discrimination.

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)

Director-General: Antonio Guterres

HQ: New York

Collegium System for the appointment of Supreme Court Judges

 

Supreme Court has asked Government the reason for the delay in clearing Collegium Recommendations for Judicial Appointment to various High Courts.

What is a collegium system?

  1. It is a system evolved through various Supreme Court judgments according to which judges of different high courts are being appointed and transferred. (Note: The Collegium System is not initiated bypassing any law by the Parliament.)
  2. The Supreme Court (SC) Collegium is headed by the Chief Justice of India. Four other senior-most judges of the SC are a part of it.
  3. A similar collegium can be constituted at the High Court level. Each High Court Collegium comprises the Chief Justice of that particular high court and other senior-most colleagues of that court. (Names approved by the HC Collegium can only be finalized after SC Collegium’s approval and Chief Justice of India.

Is there any role played by the Government to select or shortlist an SC or HC judge?

  • The Collegium decides the names then comes the Government’s role.

Procedure for Various Judicial Appointments

  1. All Supreme Court judges, including the Chief Justice of India, is appointed by the President of India. Though, the retiring CJI names his successor.
  2. The CJI initiates the proposal to appoint other Supreme Court judges. The CJI consults, the appointment proposal with other collegium members, and the High Court from where the proposed judge belongs. The Collegium sends its recommendation to the Law Minister of the Union Government, who in turn transfers the file to the Prime Minister.
  3. The appointment of Chief Justice of any High Court is governed by a collegium comprising the CJI and the supreme court’s two senior most judges. As per the Policy, the High Court’s Chief Justice cannot belong to the jurisdiction areas of that particular High Court. The proposed names are then sent to the Chief Minister, who advises the Governor of the state to send the proposal to the Law Minister of Central Govt.

The system faces a lot of criticism as:

  1. It is an opaque system.
  2. Different cases and revelations have smelled nepotism at a higher judicial level.
  3. CJI may overlook several talented junior judges and advocates.

Note: The Central Government has tried to revise the system by bringing the National Judicial Appointments Commission. But the Supreme Court has struck down the proposal because it posed a threat to the judiciary’s freedom.

 

 

 

START Treaty

 

The START Treaty is a nuclear arms treaty between the USA and Russia. The Treaty will expire in February 2021. It is the last Treaty between the USA AND Russia to control arms.

Approval

After taking over as the head of the USA, President Joe Biden has a telephonic conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin in which the discussion on the extension was held. Both the houses of the Russian Parliament, i.e., Kremlin, have approved the Treaty’s extension. The USA Parliament (Congress) is not mandatory, i.e., the President can take the decision unanimously.

About the Treaty

  • The Treaty is replaced by the START I Treaty of 1991, which was expired in 2009.
  • It came into existence on Feb 05th, 2011.
  • The Treaty was signed by both the nation to reduce and limit strategic arms offense, i.e., Nuclear warheads deployed by the Strategic Nuclear Delivery Vehicles (SVs).
  • SNDVs can be intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) (5,500 km), strategic bombers, warships, submarines, cruise missiles (aerial or maritime).

Earlier, in 2019, Russia has terminated the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Force Treaty (INF Treaty). After the USA’s withdrawal from the Open Skies Treaty, Russia also has chosen to leave the Treaty.

The extension followed by the telephonic conversation has marked a bright spot in the fraught Russia-USA relations.

 

 

 

A policy on Cyber Insurance

 

Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic, there have been rising cyberattacks incidences and data violation recorded. Thus, the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has set up a cyber liability insurance committee under P Umesh. The committee has recommended to set up or introduce the cyber insurance policy. The policy aims to protect the policyholders from cybercrimes.

Why did the committee recommend the insurance policy?

  • At present more than 700 million internet users are there in India. India is currently the second-largest online market globally, as reviewed in the year 2019 after China.
  • The number of internet users is increasing day by day in both rural and urban regions. That culminates in an increase in the number of online banking users.

What is Cyber Security?

  • A process to safeguards electronic devices like computers, mobile phones, and other electronic systems from malicious attacks is known as Cyber Security.
  • As per the NASSCOM’s Data Security Council of India Report, 2019, India is amongst the country which has faced the high numbers of cybercrime in the world in between 2016-2018.

Why do cyberattacks happen?

  • To expose, alter, destroy, disable, defame, steal, or gain unauthorized access or use of an asset.

Different Ways of Cyber-attack

  • Phishing: Phishing is an identity threat where a person with criminal intentions tries to use another person’s legitimate identity.
  • Malware: Malware is a short form of malicious software. As the name intends, it is a kind of malicious software installed accidentally by the users but used by the creators (with criminal intent) to gain access or to damage one’s computer. Malware or Spyware may compromise the online available personal information of victims.
  • SIM Swap: Original SI of the user gets swapped with the cloned SIM. SIM swapping can be used to rob one’s bank account by using available details or Time Password.

Government Initiatives to tackle cyber-attacks

  • Information Technology Act, 2000
  • The act regulates data and information available in electronic form.
  • It also regulates electronic devices such as computers, laptops, mobile phones, etc.
  • Cyber Swachh Kendra:

– To safeguard their electronic devices, users can use the platform to wipe out viruses and malware.

– It was introduced in 2017.

  • Cyber Security Bharat Initiative
  • The initiative was launched back in 2018 to spread awareness and educate people about cybercrime and building capacity for safety measures for all government departments, including Chief Information Security Officers and frontline IT staff.
  • National Cyber Security Coordination Centre:
  • The center works to scan the internet traffic and communication metadata to detect real-time cyber threats.

 

 

 

35th PRAGATI Meeting

 

The Prime Minister of India chaired the 35th edition of the PRAGATI meeting.  It is an Information and Communication Technology (ICT) based multimodal platform involving Central and State Government.

About PRAGATI

  • It is a Three-tier system comprises of the Prime Minister Office (PMO), Government Secretaries, the Chief Secretaries of the State, and the Union Government Secretaries.
  • It stands for Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation.
  • The National Informatics Centre designed it with the assistance of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO).
  • It enables the nation’s prime minister to review the situations in various states and discuss them with concerned central and state officials with full information.

Objective

  • Grievance Redressal
  • Program Implementation
  • Project Monitoring

Significance

  • The system promotes cooperative federalism as it provides a platform to different secretaries at the Union and the State level for discussion.
  • It brings transparency and accountability within the system.
  • It promotes e-governance and good governance.