Shaheed Bhagat Singh Smarak in New Delhi inaugurated by Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal
On March 23, 2021, Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’, the Union Minister of Education, virtually inaugurated the Shaheed Bhagat Singh Smarak in New Delhi. The inaugural function was held on the occasion of a programme organised by the University of Delhi on ‘Shaheed Diwas’. The programme was aimed to pay tribute and commemorate 90 years of martyrdom of our national idols of the Indian National Freedom Movement -Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar.
Former chairperson of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) passed away
On 20th March 2021, G V Ramakrishna, former chairperson of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), a market regulator organ of India passed away at the age of 91 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. He was born in 1930, in Bengaluru, Karnataka. He was a 1952 batch IAS officer from Andhra Pradesh cadre.
About G V Ramakrishna:
In 1996, he became the first Chairman of Disinvestment Commission and directed the exit of the government from state-owned businesses.
G V Ramakrishna served as the Chairman of SEBI from 1990 to 1994, during his term, he assisted the banning of the badla stock trading system.
He played an important role as an Adviser in the Planning Commission in 1981 and Member in 1994.
In 1989, he has also served as India’s Ambassador to the European Economic Community (European Union).
He also served as the minister of financial affairs in the Embassy in Washington in 1972.
He held the distinction of working under various ministries including Finance, Steel, Industry, Coal and Petroleum.
Bihar 1st State in India to implement Ethanol Promotion Policy
State’s own Ethanol policy called ‘Ethanol Production Promotion Policy, 2021 was approved by the Bihar Cabinet. The approval has made Bihar as the 1st State in India to implement Ethanol Promotion Policy under the National Policy of Biofuels, 2018.
To make Bihar an investors’ coveted destination and an ethanol hub.
With the help of this policy, Bihar can now directly produce ethanol from Molasses, broken rice, Maize & rotten grains.
Highlights of the Policy
Investors will get a 15% Capital subsidy (maximum of INR 5 Crore).
With the help of this policy, Bihar government aims to produce around 50 Crore litres of Ethanol each year.
At present, 12,000 crore litre ethanol is produced by Bihar per year. After Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka & Tamil Nadu, Bihar is the 5th highest ethanol-producing state in India.
Currently, bioethanol blending in petrol in India stands at 6.2%, India has set a target of 20% Bioethanol blending of petrol by 2025 (the deadline has been shifted from 2030 to 2025).
Chief Minister – Nitish Kumar
Capital – Patna
Tokyo Olympics 2020 postponed until 2021
International Olympic Committee (IOC) member Dick Pound shared an information that the Tokyo Olympics 2020 might be postponed until 2021. The Tokyo Olympics was scheduled to take place in the mid of 2020. However, due to the outbreak of Covid-19, the games are likely to be rescheduled.
Martyr’s day or Shaheed Diwas observed on 23rd March 2021
Government of India, annually observes the 23th of March as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s day to honour the 3 young freedom fighters- Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar. On 21st March 2021, the 90th death anniversary of the 3 youngsters was observed.
Note- Martyr’s day is also observed on 30th January, the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
History of Shaheed Diwas:
In a non-violent march in protest against the Simon Commission, Lala Lajpat Rai was assassinated during the lathi charge.
To avenge his death, 3 youngsters, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, Shivaram Rajguru along with support from Chandrasekar Azad threw bombs over the Central Legislative Assembly on 8th April 1929.
British government hanged the 3 freedom fighters on 23rd March 2021, charged with Murder crime.
During their hanging Bhagat Singh made the historic slogans “Inquilab Zindabad”, which later became the slogan of India’s armed freedom struggle.
World Meteorological Day
The United Nations (UN)’s World Meteorological Day is observed annually across the globe on 23rd of March to spread awareness about the importance of the role of people and their behaviour in protecting the Earth’s atmosphere.
The day showcases the contribution of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services towards the safety and wellbeing of society.
World Meteorology Day 2021 is a registered activity of the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030).
“The Ocean, our climate and weather” is the theme of World Meteorological Day 2021.
The day marks the establishment of an intergovernmental body the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), on 23rd March 1950.
About World Meteorological Organisation:
Secretary-General – Petteri Taalas Headquarters- Geneva, Switzerland
Members – 193 countries and territories (including India).
World Tuberculosis Day: 24 March
Every year on 24 March, World Tuberculosis Day is observed to create awareness among the public about the global epidemic of tuberculosis (TB) and efforts to eradicate the disease.
The theme of World Tuberculosis Day 2021 is ‘The Clock is Ticking’.
24th of March: International Day for the Right to the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims
Every year 24th of March is observed as the International Day for the Right to the Truth concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims. This day is envisioned so as to say no to all forms of violence, injustice and suppression against humanity.
The day aims to pay tribute to those who have devoted their lives to, and gave their lives in, the struggle to promote and protect human rights for all.
The day was proclaimed by the United Nations in December 2010.