India to set up coastal radar stations in Maldives, Myanmar and Bangladesh


Efforts are in advanced stages to set up coastal radar stations in Maldives, Myanmar and Bangladesh to further expand the coastal radar chain network and to enable real time monitoring of the high seas for threats, and also to expand India’s assistance for capacity building to Indian Ocean littoral states, according to defence sources.

“Countries like Mauritius, Seychelles and Sri Lanka have already been assimilated into the India’s coastal radar chain network. Similar plans are underway with Maldives and Myanmar and conversations are ongoing with countries such as Bangladesh and Thailand,” a defence source stated.


To provide complete ship movements in the Indian Ocean Region.

To create a network system in IOR.

To create maritime domain awareness.

Related developments-

Phase I- 46 Coastal Radar Stations.

Phase II- 38 Static Radar Stations and four mobile radar station.

– Collected data will be provided to Information Fusion Centre for the IOR.

– India is an observer state of Indian Ocean Commission.

The Human Freedom Index 2020


A global ranking of civil, economic and personal freedom, released its report On 17 December 2020, the Human Freedom Index (HFI). In DFI 2020, 34 personal freedom variables and 162 countries for the year 2018 were covered (2018 being the most recent year for which adequate data was available), representing around 94% of the world’s population.

Human Freedom Index 2020: Sixth Annual Report

Human Freedom Index 2020 is the sixth annual report, which is published by the Cato Institute in the United States and Fraser Institute in Canada. Before rating 162 countries, 76 indicators of economic freedom, civil and personal were taken into consideration from 2008 to 2018.

Human Freedom Index 2020: Rankings

On a scale of 0 to 10 the countries were rated, where 10 represents more freedom.

Human Freedom Index 2020: Weightage

1- Half of the weightage in the overall index is accounted for the Economic Freedom sub index.

2- And the remaining half of the weightage in the overall index is constituted by the Personal Freedom sub index.

Human Freedom Index 2020: Findings of the Report

There is an unequal distribution of freedom in the world was mentioned in the report, with only 15% population of the world’s population living in the top quartile while 34% population in the bottom quartile in the Human Freedom Index 2020. Also the gap in human freedom between the top and bottom countries has widened since 2008 was highlighted in the report.

  • India’s score=6.43.
  • India slipped from 94th position to 111st.
  • New Zealand topped the index with 8.87 score followed by Switzerland (8.82) & Hong Kong (8.74).

India’s first indigenously developed Air to Air Beyond Visual Range Missile Astra Mk-1 handed over to IAF by Defence Minister


Three indigenously developed systems were recently haded over by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to Army, Navy and Air Force during a function held in Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) Bhawan.

Border Surveillance System which has already been deployed in Ladakh against the Chinese troops was one of them.

The Indian Maritime Situational Awareness System (IMSAS) was handed over to the CNS Admiral Karambir Singh, ASTRA Mk-I Missile to Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria and Border Surveillance System (BOSS) to the COAS General M M Naravane by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh.

The ASTRA Mk-I Missile is the first indigenously developed beyond visual range (BVR) missile that can be launched from Sukhoi-30 and other fighter aircraft.

An all-weather electronic surveillance system successfully designed and developed by Instruments Research & Development Establishment (IRDE), Dehradun, has been deployed at Ladakh border region for day and night surveillance.