World Water Day was celebrated on 22nd March
World Water Day is observed on 22nd March. The theme of the day was ‘Valuing Water’.
About World Water Day
The United Nations Water (the convener of the World Water day) observe this day with an aim to highlight the importance of freshwater.
The day also aims at sustainable water management of freshwater resources.
The day was put forward by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992. The conference was conducted in Rio de Janeiro.
World Water Day 2021 in India:
The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi has launched the campaign named ‘Catch the Rain’ on the occasion of World Water Day.
The virtually launched campaign will go on till November 30.
The main aim of the campaign is to encourage water conservation at the grass-roots level through people’s participation.
A water-sharing agreement has also been signed between Uttar Pradesh – Madhya Pradesh.
Important Facts about Water:
India possesses 17% population and 4% freshwater
45% of India’s population is facing severe drought stress
21 cities of India are about to run out of their water in near future
40% of Indian Population will have no access of drinkable water in 2030
Water Scarcity will also hamper India’s GDP
Way Forward to save the water:
– Save Water whenever it is possible
– Exercise Water-Saving Agriculture Practices
– Chemical-less farming
– Water Distribution Infrastructure
– Improve Sewage Systems
The first Prime Minister of Bangladesh conferred with the Gandhi Peace Prize 2020
The first Prime Minister of Bangladesh, erstwhile East Pakistan Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was conferred with the Gandhi Peace Prize 2020
About Gandhi Peace Prize:
It is an annual award given by the Government of India to commemorate the Father of the nation Mohanchand Karamchand Gandhi fondly known as Mahatma Gandhi.
On the occasion of his 125th Birth Anniversary the Award was started.
The award carries a monetary benefit of Rs. 1 Cr, etc.
The Gandhi Peace Prize 2019 was given to Sultan Qaboos Al Said of Oman.
About Mujibur Rahman:
He was the first Prime Minister of Bangladesh (1972-75). He also played the role of President of Bangladesh in 1975.
Shiekh Hasina is the daughter of Shiekh Mujibur Rahman.
World Happiness Report 2021
The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network has released the World Happiness Report 2021.
It is the 9th edition of the report based on the studies conducted during 2018-20.
Highlights of the 2021 Report:
Traditionally the report is based on factors like GDP, Healthy life expectancy, social support among people, freedom in life choices, corruption, and generosity.
Additionally, the COVID-19 impact on the structure and quality of lives of the people become also been assessed.
The index also scanned the performance of the government during the pandemic.
India’s ranking in the 2021 report is 139th, slightly improved in comparison with the year 2019 and 2020 editions. India ranked 140 and 144th in 2019 and 2020 respectively.
World’s richest country in the world, the USA, was ranked 19th.
Pakistan – 105th, Bangladesh – 101st, China – 84th, Sri Lanka – 129th, Afghanistan – 149th.
Bihar Lokayukta Amendment Bill, 2021 to punish people filing false corruption cases
The state assembly has passed the proposed Bihar Lokayukta (Amendment0 Bill, 2021 that allows punishment to people filing false corruption cases before the anti-corruption ombudsman body.
The bill aims at preventing the misuse of time and resources of the institution.
The bill was proposed by Lokayukta itself owing to the increase in the number of false cases against government servants.
What is the scenario in other states?
Other states have the provision of punitive action against people filing false cases against a public servant.
What are the salient features of the bill?
The bill allows filing a case against a false case filer in district court.
If the person found guilty of filing a false case then he/she can be sentenced to a jail term of up to a three-year jail term.
What are Lokpal and Lokayuktas?
It is an anticorruption body that carries out investigation and prosecution in a corruption case filed against public (government servant) servants of all grades.
The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 allows the establishment of Lokpal for the Union and Lokayukta for States.
The Act was passed under Article 252 of Part XI, of the Indian Constitution.
Lokpal and Lokayuktas are statutory bodies without any constitutional status.
Lokpal works at the center level and Lokayuktas act at the state level.
Each state possesses its own Lokayukta
Maharashtra was the first state to put a Lokayukta Office on an operational mode.
Ex-Supreme Court Judge Pinaki Chandra Ghose is appointed as the first Lokpal of India.