India came down by 28 places in the Global Gender Gap Report 2021, a report published by the World Economic Forum’s (WEF)
What are the findings of the Global Gender Gap Report 2021?
The report was first published in 2006 by the WEF.
A total of 156 countries are assessed in the report. Based on their progress towards gender parity countries are ranked, considering following four dimensions:
– Economic Participation and Opportunity
– Educational Attainment
– Health and Survival and
– Political Empowerment
Countries are given the highest possible score is 1 (equality) and the lowest possible score is 0 (inequality).
What is the aim of the report?
To track progress on relative gaps between women and men in the economy, health, education, employment, and politics.
Following the report, the stakeholders within each country are able to set goals relevant in each specific economic, political and cultural context.
India is now ranked 140 among 156 countries and is one of the worst performers in South Asia.
Ranking of other South Asian Countries-
– Bangladesh – 65
– Nepal – 106
– Pakistan – 153
– Afghanistan – 156
– Bhutan – 130
– Sri Lanka 116.
Previous Year performance:
In the Global Gender Gap Index 2020, India had ranked 112th among 153 countries.
Areas where India did not perform well:
India has not performed up to the mark in the political empowerment index as well by 13.5 percentage points. The percentage of women ministers had declined from 23.1% in 2019 to 9.1% in 2021.
However, its relative performance as compared to other countries is commendable, India is ranking at 51 in women’s participation in politics.
In the index of education attainment, India has been stood at 114 ranks.
The report suggests that the economic participation gender gap widened in India by 3% this year.
The share of females in professional and technical roles declined further to 29.2%.
Only 8.9% of firms in the country have top female managers, However, the share of women in senior positions also is at 14.6%.
In the case of income of an average woman or that of an average man, countries like Pakistan and Afghanistan are performing well then India.
Health and Survival index:
India is the second worst country in this Index followed by China
Skewed sex ratio is the major factor behind such a notorious performance.
It suggests that gender-biased prenatal sex-selective practices are still prevalent in India.
About World Economic Forum
The World Economic Forum headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation.
A non-profit foundation was established in 1971 as an independent impartial organization that is not tied to any special interests.
Some major reports published by WEF are:
– Energy Transition Index
– Global Risk Report
– Global Travel and Tourism Report
– Global Competitiveness Report
– Global Gender Gap Report
– Global IT Report
Goa’s Uniform Civil Code lauded by the Chief Justice of India
What is Uniform Civil Code?
It is a set of governing laws for every individual of the nation without considering the religion of that particular individual.
Goa is the only state in India having Uniform Civil Code implemented.
Article 44, Part IV of Directive Principles of State Policy deals with the Uniform Civil Code.
The article expects that the state shall endeavor to secure UCC throughout the territories of India.
Why there should be a Uniform Civil Code?
As a secular nation all citizens should not be differentiated based on religious rules and practices.
Many reports and surveys have made the conclusion that the rights of women are limited under religious law. (Some are even at odd or against the fundamental rights guaranteed in the constitution)
Numerous verdicts of the Apex Court of the nation and High Courts have, in their verdicts, asked or suggested the government to take actions against such discrimination or move towards a uniform civil code.
More than a century old Military Farms shut down
Military farms operational under the Ministry of Defence have been shut down after almost 132 years after recommendations in the past to shut them down.
About the Farms:
The first military farm was set on 1st Feb 1889
Requirement – The sole requirement to set up the farm was for supplying hygienic cow milk to troops.
Closure – Numerous recommendations regarding the closure of farms have come up in the last decade itself, for e.g.: in 2012, Quarter Master General Branch has recommended their closure, in 2016 Lt Gen D. B. Shekatkar Committee also recommended closing the farms down.
Reason for Closure – The primary reasons to shut farms down:
To enhance the combat capability.
To reduce the expenditure or to utilities resources wisely.
Some achievements –
The farm was part of Project Freiswal with the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. (Project Freiswal is regarded as the world’s largest crossbreeding program.)
Farms have also collaborated with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to develop Bio-Fuels.
India Mauritius CECPA (Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement) has come into force
About the Agreement:
The agreement provides an institutional mechanism to encourage and improve trade between both countries.
Numerous day-to-day items like beverages, agriculture products, textile, electricals, and electronic export items, plastic, and chemicals are covered for India.
Meanwhile, Mauritius will have access to a huge Indian market for more than 600 products of it including frozen fish, biscuits, mineral water, fresh fruits, juices, beer, etc.
Why such an agreement?
It cuts or eliminates duties on a host product
It liberalizes the norms to promote services trade
Helps to boost export of both the countries
Capital – Port Louis
Prime Minister – Pravind Jugnauth
Interesting Fact – 3.6% of the population speaks Bhojpuri
Currency – Mauritian Rupee
AIM-PRIME launched to assist Science based Deep-tech ventures and start-ups
NITI Aayog launched the initiative named AIM-PRIME, i.e., Atal Innovation Mission – Program for Researchers on Innovations, Market Readiness and Entrepreneurship. The motto is to promote and support science-based deep-tech ventures and start-ups across the nation.
The initiative will help Technology Developers and Incubation managers to be trained on Deep technology Entrepreneurship over a period of 12 months.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation will be the supporting agency and the Venture Centre will be responsible for the implementation of the program.
What is Deep Technology?
Deep Technology refers to those start-ups whose business model is dependent upon high tech innovation in important scientific advances and engineering.
The Lt Gov of Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory Manoj Sinha has attended the 4th edition of Purvanchal Festival ‘Maati’.
The eastern end part of Uttar Pradesh is known as Purvanchal. It is considered one of the most ancient sites in the region and the existence and association of historical places make it rich in heritage and culture. It is also known as the land of warriors. The festival was first launched in 2018.
Minister of State for Port, Shipping, and waterways Mansukh Mandaviya has inaugurated the Cruise Ship service from Port of Hazira, Surat to Diu
At the time of the virtual launching event, the minister also stated about the future plans regarding international cruise terminals. According to him, the Union Govt is planning to establish 6 international cruise terminals along the West and East Coast. Mumbai, Goa, and Kochi are the three potential locations situated at the West Coast for Cruising through the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean Region. Similarly, Chennai, Vizag, and Kolkata can be the three most revenue-generating cruise terminals at the East Coast for cruising through the Bay of Bengal, Pacific Ocean and, Indian Ocean Region.
Other Important initiatives to exploit seaways:
– Ferry Services
Recently the Prime Minister has inaugurated the ROPAX service between Hazira and Ghogha ports connecting Bhavnagar and Surat through seaways.
About the Cruise Service:
The Cruise Ship will conduct 2 round trips in a week.
Each trip would be of 13-14 hours voyage time with a marginal fare of Rs. 900.
The cruising ships are having 16 cabins that can accommodate approximately 300 passengers for the trip.
Various services and modern entertainment amenities like Gaming Lounge, VIP Lounge, Hotels, etc are available to make the journey memorable, convenient, and worthy.
Note: The Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways handles the National Waterway 1 by connecting Haldia and Prayagraj along with the ‘Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system.
External Affairs Minister visit to Tajikistan
The Union Extern Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar went to visit Tajikistan. He was invited by his Tajikistani counterpart Sirojiddin Muhriddin.
The EAM paid a visit to the President of Tajikistan and Defence Minister of Tajikistan.
He also attended the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process Ministerial Conference conducted at the Capital city of Tajikistan.
He also becomes a part of the inaugural edition of Doha Talks.
What is the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process?
It is a part of the Istanbul Process. Istanbul Process is a regional initiative, security established in 2011 by Afghanistan and Turkey for a stable and peaceful Afghanistan.
President – Emomali Rahmon
Capital – Dushanbe
World Bank’s GDP estimation in FY22
The World Bank released its South Asia Economic Focus report for the year 2021. The title of the report is ‘South Asia Economic Focus Spring 2020 – South Asia Vaccinates’. The bank estimated 7.5-12.5% for the Financial Year 2021-22 and -8.55 for the year 2021.
The reason for the increment is due to private consumption and investment growth.
Poverty Rate of South Asia
The report also represented the Poverty prediction of South Asia under the Poverty Rate of South Asia that is projected to be within a range of 6-9% in Financial Year 2021-22 and between 4-7% by Financial Year 2023-24.
About World Bank:
Establishment – 1944
President – David Malpass
HQ – Washington D. C., United States of America
Ministry of Jal Shakti will be deploying Internet of Things to monitor Rural Drinking Water Supply Systems
The ministry is set to fix sensor-based IoT (Internet of Things) devices for monitoring the Jal Shakti Ministry Mission’s implementation in more than six lakh villages.
Aim- The main motto for this decision is to track the rural drinking water supply systems.
What are the steps to implement the planning?
National Jal Jeevan Mission (NJMM) is undertaking a pilot project in villages of 5 states – Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Maharashtra since Sep 2020.
Tata Community Initiatives Trust and Tata Trust have partnered with NJMM.
What are the advantages?
It provides real-time info without any human interventions
It enables real-time visibility to multiple stakeholders
It will help to identify water distribution issues
It will also help to assess groundwater level
It will improve operational efficacy along with better grievance redressal.
About Jal Jeevan Mission:
It is a rural household water mission that aims at providing ‘Functional Household Tap Connection’ to every village house by the year 2024.
It was launched in Aug 2019 under the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti.
Ministry of Jal Shakti:
Union Minister – G. S. Shekhawat
Minister of State – Rattan Lal Kataria
New Algorithm developed by ARIES Solar Physicists to track Solar Eruptions
Scientists of Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital, Uttarkhand have invented a New Algorithm named CIISCO (CMEs Identification in Inner Solar Corona) to detect and track the accelerating solar eruption in Corona of the Sun. (CME – Coronal Mass Ejections)
The algorithm is expected to be used in India’s first Solar Mission named Aditya – L1.
About Aditya – L1:
It is the First Solar Mission of India
It is expected to be launched in 2022
It is being designed and developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in association with other Indian Research Institutes.
The mission will observe the inner Corona region of the Sun, which aims to provide new insight into the properties of CME.
Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences is an autonomous institute that comes under the aegis of the Department of Science and Technology (DST).
Location – Nainital