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PM paying tribute to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on his birth anniversary

Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tribute to the first Prime Minister of India on his 131st birth anniversary through a tweet.

About Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh. His last moment was on May 27, 1964.

As a Prime Minister

Jawaharlal Nehru became the prime minister of independent India on August 15, 1947. He was active in the freedom struggle of India.

Children day

He was very fond of children so Children’s Day is celebrated on November 14 every year in his respect. children usually used to call him Chacha Nehru for his love and affection.

 

Children Day 2020

Children Day celebrated on November 14. It is also known as Bal Diwas. It falls on the same day of the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

 


World Diabetes Day

World Diabetes Day is celebrated on 14th November. It became the official UN Day in 2006. Its establishment was in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation along with the support of WHO. India holds the second largest number of people more than 95% with type 2 diabetes.

World Diabetes Day 2020

This year, World Diabetes Day, 2020 was celebrated on the theme of “The Nurse And Diabetes”. The World Diabetes Day campaign has focused on the promotion of the role of nurses in preventing and managing diabetes.

Task

World Diabetes Day is in the response of concerns about the health and economic threat that are caused by diabetes.

Diabetes and cardiac disease

Diabetes is likely to develop heart disease by increasing its risk by 2-4 times.

Prevention

There should be strict sugar control in the early years of diabetes. Also, maintaining lifestyle with optimal weight, cholesterol control, blood pressure control, regular exercise, healthy diet, mental relaxation, tobacco cessation, and use of anti-diabetic medicines are some ways.

  


World record of lighting diyas in Ayodhya

World Record

Total 6,06,509 earthen lamps in Ayodhya along the banks of Saryu river on one day before Diwali, called Deepotsav were lit up. This has set the Guinness World Record. The Uttar Pradesh government has confirmed it.

Last year

Last year, In Ayodhya, on the same day before Diwali 4,09,000 diyas were lit up.


 


 

WHO’s Center for Traditional Medicine in India

On 13th November 2020, the World Health Organisation informed the creation of a traditional medical centre in India.

Main highlights of this

The declaration of the creation of the centre was announced during the inauguration meeting of 2 future-ready Ayurveda establishments. Such institutions have been opened in Jamnagar as well as Jaipur. The Institute of Teaching and Study in Ayurveda was established in Jamnagar and has been given the status of an institution of national significance. The National Institute of Ayurveda, officially launched in Jaipur, has indeed been named as the Deemed University Institution. The recognition of these institutions has been given to the University Grants Commission.

The institutes were inaugurated as part of the festivities in Dhantera.

About the Centre for Traditional Medicine

The new Traditional Medicines Center will support the WHO’s efforts to adopt the WHO Traditional Medicines Plan 2014-23. The policy is aimed at creating strategies and actions to improve the role of traditional treatments in universal health coverage.

 


 

SC’s decision on the choice of the employers in rejecting overqualified aspirants

The Supreme Court has ruled that the potential employer has the right not to select an applicant who might have a “higher qualification”, however, it’s not the one specified for an employment position.

A Bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan said that the courts have restricted judicial appeal by employers to certain decisions. Prescribing credentials for a post is a matter of recruitment policies. Discretion is with the boss.

The supreme court said that there is a “greater flexibility” for employers to recommend the requisite requirements for a job.

The Supreme Court clarified that credentials are recommended in the light of the needs and interests of an institution or business or establishment, as the case may be. The Courts are not suitable tools for evaluating the expediency or advisability or effectiveness of such a medication,” explained the judgement in the supreme court.

History

The judgement was based on an appeal lodged by the Punjab National Bank against a verdict of the Orissa High Court enabling an over-qualified nominee to be named as a peon.

The Supreme Court set aside the ruling of the High Court of 22nd November 2019 to maintain the request of an over-qualified applicant to serve as a bank peon.

It noticed that the nominee had purposely not revealed the fact that he was a graduate. It was only discovered later.

Besides, the prescribed requirement for the job was a Class 12 Pass. The Bank had a clear provision against the selection of a graduate as a peon.

 


Vine Snakes have a new species in Peninsular India

The group of researchers from the Center for Ecological Sciences (CES), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), following comprehensive testing throughout the peninsula of India, has found different species of serpent vine in the area.

The team followed out site visits throughout India to gather morphological evidence, tissue samples as well as specimens to learn population structure and expansion of vine snakes.

Background

Vine snakes are considered as one of the most popular snakes found in peninsular India, including in many peri-urban areas and western ghats.

As per the IISc report, Asian vine snakes, spread across the continent, belong to the genus Ahaetulla and the recently described Proahaetulla.

In India, the common green serpent (Ahaetulla nasuta) was a complex of many species.

4 distinct small-bodied, as well as short-nosed species, were found: the Northern Western Ghats (Ahaetulla Borealis), including the Farnsworth Vine Snake (Ahaetulla farnsworthi), the Malabar Vine Snake (Ahaetulla malabarica) as well as the Wall Vine Snake (Ahaetulla isabellina) alone through the Western Ghats rainforests.

These animals were superficially similar in their appearance but differentiated by geographical or ecological barriers.

The Travancore Vine Snake (Ahaetulla travancorica), isolated by anatomy and geographical barrier from the Gunther Vine Snake (Ahaetulla dispar).

All of the vine snakes have been given names as per to the locality or centred on a morphological personality.

There are now six kinds of vine snake’s native to the Western Ghats.


 


 

An initiative by WHO to ensure everyone has access to insulin

The World Health Organisation (WHO) is initiating an effort to increase access to affordable insulin in the run-up to World Diabetes Day on 14 November.

Context

More than 420 million people globally, mainly in low-and middle-income countries, are living with diabetes. WHO has noted that those who need insulin do not have access, mostly due to high prices.

Information

  • The global diabetes study reveals that important drugs and technology, including insulin, are commonly available in just 1 in 3 of the poorest nations.
  • It suggested that accessibility to insulin must be regarded as a matter of survival and that improving access to drugs, in general, should be a priority.
  • According to the International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Atlas, China had the highest number of patients (11.43 c.) led by India (7.29 c.) in 2017.
  • Factors responsible for the rise in diabetes include unhealthful diet, lack of physical exercise, unhealthy alcohol consumption, overweight/obesity, cigarette use, etc.
  • The Government focuses on increasing awareness of behaviour and behavioural changes, monitoring and early identification of individuals with a high degree of risk factors and their care and referral (if necessary) to higher facilities.

 


Office of CJI under the RTI Act

In a big victory of the RTI Act, the Supreme Court proclaimed itself to be a public body under RTI. The case, which has been a sub-judgment for the last 10 years, has now been settled in terms of accountability and disclosure.

Act of the RTI

The RTI Act is an act of the Parliament of India to provide for the creation of a functional regime for citizens’ right to information.

Under the terms of the Act, any citizen of India can request information from a “public body” which must answer promptly or within thirty days.

SC Decision

The Supreme Court upheld the 2010 judgement of the High Court of Delhi and held that the position of Chief Justice of India falls within the scope of the concept of public authority” under the 2005 RTI Act.

SC Bank headed by CJI Ranjan Gogoi announced that “transparency does not threaten the independence of the judiciary.”

This decision allows the disclosure of details, such as the personal properties of judges.

Information relating to topics such as judicial vacancies would therefore be subjected to a public interest test.

The Bench overwhelmingly held that the right to information under the RTI Act wasn’t universal and that this would have to be weighed against the right to privacy of judges. RTI cannot however have been used as a security weapon.

 


Unique Maritime Cluster in the GIFT city of Gujarat

 

While unveiling the Ro-Pax terminal at Hazira and flagging the Ro-Pax ferry service between Hazira and Ghogha on 8th November 2020, Hon’ble PM Narendra Modi also said Gujarat’s maritime cluster ports, a specialized port-based logistics infrastructure, would be built in GIFT.

Plan for the Maritime Cluster

  • Though the idea of maritime clusters is recent, it has powered some of the most successful major ports, such as Singapore, Rotterdam, including Oslo, Hong Kong, London as well as Shanghai.
  • Simply placed, a maritime cluster is a group of corporations, firms and organisations in the maritime sector that are geographically similar to each other.
  • The Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) has made efforts to create a maritime cluster in Gandhinagar of Gujarat, via its subsidiary Gujarat Ports Infrastructure and Development Company Ltd (GPIDCL).
  • Originally, the Gandhinagar cluster would include Gujarat-based shipping lines, shipping agents, freight forwarders, stevedores, bunker vendors and shipbrokers with charter specifications.
  • In the second step, an effort will be made to carry Indian shipowners, Indian charterers, ship operators and technical consultants from cities such as Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai to Gujarat. After that, the aim would be to add multinational players to the cluster.

Why is the Maritime Cluster Project needed?

  • Maritime clusters in India are required to bring back companies that have relocated to international locations due to a lack of habitats in the region.
  • Gujarat has a lot of ports and handles 40% of Indian freight, but we still haven’t been able to target the whole supply chain.
  • The Adani Group has the largest port in Gujarat, but for its charter needs, it is located in Dubai. To provide certain major players with a proper ecosystem, maritime clusters are required in India.