Russian Vaccine has been recommended for emergency use
The Subject Expert Committee (SEC) has recommended the Russian Origin Sputnik – V Vaccine for emergency use authorization in India.
After the approval of Drug Controller General of India (DCGI), Sputnik – V will be the 3rd vaccine available in India after Covishield and Covaxin.
About Sputnik – V:
The Russian origin vaccine is developed by Gamaleya Research institute of Epidemology and Microbiology.
It is one of the three vaccines in the world having efficiency of over 90%.
It is being supplied for the global market and is produced by the Russia Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) international parners in Brazil, China, India, South Korea and Other countries
Covishied – Serum Institue of India
Covaxin – Bharat Biotech
Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan launched the Aaahar Kranti
About Aahaar Kranti:
The mission is designed to address the problem of hunger and diseases.
What is the aim of Aahaar Kranti Mission?
To spread the awareness of the need for a nutritionally balanced diet
To understand the importance of the accessible to green vegetables and fresh fruits.
The motto of the mission is: ‘Good Diet-Good Cognition’
Vijnan Bharati (Vibha) and Global Indian Scientists and Technocrats’ forum have collaborated to start this initiative.
The mission involves training of teachers. Involvement of teachers brought great success for the eradication of polio.
Various studies shows that India generates as much as two times the number of calories it consumes.
State of malnutrition in India:
India possesses the maximum number of malnourished children globally – 1 in every 3 children are malnourished.
The situation is extremely critical because the effects of malnourishment are irreversible if they occur at a young age.
If not death, it leads to permanent disabilities that render the children ill for the rest of their lives.
According to Census 2011, among the 472 million children,
– A whopping 97 million are anaemic and undernourished.
– 40% (actually 38.7%) are stunted (below normal height for the age)
– 19.8% are wasted (underweight and short)
– and 42.4% are underweight.
According to the latest NFHS-4, nine out of the 11 states surveyed have not been able to reduce the rate of Infant Mortality even by 2 points annually.
And that, 40 out of 1000 infants don’t get to celebrate their first birthday.
Globally taken Initiatives:
United Nations has declared the year 2021 as the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables
UN’s sustainable goal – three, ‘Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at the ages’ emphasizes on human well-being.
Initiates taken by Indian Govt:
The Mid-Day Meal Scheme, Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), the Janani Suraksha Yojana, the Matritva Sahyog Yojana, the National Health Mission, and the National Food Security Mission, among others.
Sushil Chandra to be the next Chief Election Commissioner of India
The President of India Shri Ramnath Kovind has appointed the senior most Election Commissioner Sushil Chandra, as the Chief Election Commissioner of Election Commission of India.
He will assume the charge of the office as a chief commissioner from 13th April 2021. He will succeed Sunil Arora who is having his super annuation on 12th April 2021.
About Election Commission:
The Election Commission of India is a permanent Constitutional Body.
At present, the commission consists of a Chief Election Commissioner and two election Commissioner. But initially, the commission had only a Chief of Election Commissioner.
Appointment of Chief Election Commissioner of India:
Constitutionally, under article 324 (2) the Chief Election Commissioner is appointed by the President of India. The President is also entitled to fix the number of Election Commissioner requires to function the Election Commission as he deems fit.
Like to the appointment of Supreme Court Judge, there is no any consultation process or any concept of collegium and involvement of the opposition.
Tenure of the Election Commissioners:
All Election Commissioners including the CEC have a tenure of 6 years, or up to the age of 65 years.
However, they can be removed from their position by the parliamentarian intervention only. Parliament have to process the impeachment if found election commissioner’s involvement in any corruption or non-constitutional activities.
Limitations on Election Commission:
The fundamental law (Indian Constitution) has not explained the qualifications (legal, educational, administrative or judicial) of the members of the Election Commission.
It does not specify the term of the members of the Election Commission.
The Constitution has not opposed or debarred the retiring election commissioners from any further appointment by the government as it did with Supreme Court Judge and other important appointments.
Powers and Functions of ECI:
Powers can be classified as Administrative and judicial as follows:
To demarcate the territorial areas of the electoral across the nation on the basis of the Delimitation Commission Act of the Parliament.
To prepare and revise electoral rolls on regular interval and to register all eligible voters and provide them with election cards.
To recognise political parties and allot election symbols to them.
Election Commission corruption free or uninfluenced elections, through strict Model Code of Conduct.
Advisory Jurisdiction & Quasi-Judicial Functions:
Indian Constitution allows the Commission to have advisory jurisdiction in the matter of post-election disqualification of sitting or elected members of Parliament.
On the opinion of the commission the President of India takes the decision. The opinion of the commission is binding o the President.
The cases of corrupt practices at elections also referred to the Commission for its opinion on the question as to whether such person or organisation shall be disqualified and, if so, for what period.
The Commission possesses the power to disqualify a candidate who has failed to lodge an account of his election expenses within the time or if not lodged election expenses according to the prescribed by law.
The second version of India Energy Dashboard has been launched by NITI Aayog
India Energy Dashboard is a platform which provides access of all energy related data for the country.
Numerous organizations like Central Electricity Authority, Coal Controller’s Organization, and Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, etc. provide energy related data to be up0loded on the Dashboard.
The first version was launched in May 2017 that too by the NITI Aayog.
About Features of India Energy Dashboard Version 2.0-
It provides series of data from FY2006 until FY2020.
It makes the data accessible by allowing to download into convenient spreadsheet format so that there is no need of any special knowledge to read them.
It ensures sun-yearly data, monthly data, API linked data, and data maintained by Govt agencies on public portal.
Shantir Ograshena Multilateral exercise concluded in Bangladesh
A 10-day multilateral exercise was concluded in Bangladesh recently.
The exercise was launched to commemorate the birth centenary of the Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, golden jubilee celebration of 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War and to celebrate 50 years of India – Bangladesh Diplomatic Relations.
About the Exercise:
Shanti Ograshena means, Front Runner of Peace.
It was conducted at Bangabandhu Senanibas, Bangladesh.
Objective – To strengthen defense ties and enhance interoperability amongst neighborhood countries, to enhance peacekeeping operations, etc. are the objectives of the Exercise. Bangladesh Army is the highest UN peacekeeper Provider to the United Nations.
The exercise was a UN mandated Peacekeeping Exercise in which the Chief of Army Staff of Indian Army has addressed.
Participating Countries: Soldiers from India, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh participated in the exercise.
Observer Countries – The USA, the UK, Russia, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Singapore were the observer states of the exercise.
One Web signed MoU with Kazakhstan to Accelerate Connectivity services
A co-owned company of Bharati Global, OneWeb has signed an Memorandum of Understanding with Kazakhstan Govt for improving connectivity services in the country. This step was to commemorate the 60th ANNIVERSSARY of first human space fligt of Yuri Gagarin.
About the MoU
The MoU aims to establish Kazakhstan as a pioneer of latest satellite communication technologies.
It also aims to digitize Kazakhstan’s Economy.
New Zealand introduced Climate Change Law for Financial Sector
New Zealand released the World’s first ever Climate Change Law for Financial Sector.
All banks, Investment Managers, Insurers, companies, etc. with total assets greater than 1 billion NZ dollars shall report the impacts of climate change on their investment to the government by 2023. The law will be passed by 2022.
Other important initiatives of New Zealand against Climate Change include carbon-neutral public transport by 2025 and buying only zero-emission public transport buses.
All these initiatives of New Zealand’s govt are to achieve the targets introduced under Climate Action Plan 2050 released by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The global target is to reduce the global temperature by 1.5 deg Celsius.
About New Zealand:
Wellington is the Capital City of New Zealand.
Jacinda Ardern is the Prime Minister.