The Prime Minister inaugurated several projects in Kerala


Narendra Modi has unveiled numerous projects worth Rs. 6100 crores in Kerala.

He inaugurated the first full-fledged international cruise terminal, Sagarika, at Cochin Port and Marine Engineering Training Institute of Cochin Shipyard Limited.

He also inaugurated the Propylene Derivate Petrochemical Projects at Kochi Refinery of Bharat Petroleum Project to strengthen nations’ journey towards being self-reliant (Aaymanirbhar).

He also dedicated Roll on-Roll ferry services at Willingdon Islands in Kochi. It will benefit economically to reduce transportation cost, transit time, congestion on the roads, etc. 

About Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas

Union Minister- Dharmendra Pradhan

About Ministry of Port, Shipping, and Waterways

Union Minister of State- Mansukh Mandaviya


Chief Minister- Pinarayi Vijayan

Governor – Arif Mohammed Khan




FASTag mandatory from midnight


Ministry of Road Transport and Highways declared all lanes in the toll plazas on National Highways as ‘FASTag lane of the fee plazas’ with effect from 15th/16th Feb.

What will happen if a vehicle without FASTag recharge or FASTag Card enters into the toll plaza?

According to the National Highways Rules 2008, any vehicle entering fee lane in the toll plazas without the FASTag Card stuck onto or without necessary recharge amount is liable to pay a double charge of that particular category.

Why is FASTag being promoted?

  1. To reduce the waiting time
  2. To promote digital payment
  3. To reduce the fuel consumption
  4. To provide seamless passage through toll lanes

Earlier, the Ministry has mandated the FASTags for M & N categories of the vehicles from 1st Jan 2021. ‘M’ Category stands for passenger motor vehicle with at least four wheels, and ‘N’ Category stands for Goods carrying vehicle with at least four wheels used.




Seven Nagaland Member of Legislative Assembly Disqualification issue


Why in News?

The Naga People’s Front had filed a petition to disqualify its seven seating MLA’s of the 60 members. 


During the 2019 Lok Sabha polls, seven MLAs of NPF has supported the Congress candidate. The NPF has gone to the court considering it ‘wilfully’ defying its collective decision referring to the anti-defection law.

Seven MLAs take: MLAs said that they had supported the Congress candidate against the principle of regionalism.

What does the anti-defection law mean?

– It allows the disqualification of MLAs or MPs on the grounds of defection on a petition of any other House member.

Any member of the house can file the petition based if:

a) A member of a house associated with a political party voluntarily gives up his party membership

b) Votes against the will of the political party he/she is associated with (if he takes prior permission to go against the will or decision, then the member shall not be disqualified).

c) If an independent candidate joins the political party after the conclusion of the election or declaration of election results

The Presiding officer of the house has the final say in the disqualification of MLAs. However, the judicial appeal can be made against the decision of the Presiding Officer. Judicial Interventions is not accepted until the Presiding Officer gives his final decision.

During the CFS 47th Session, the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) has declared the first-ever Voluntary Guidelines on Food Systems and Nutrition (VGFSyN)


During the CFS 47th Session, the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) has declared the first-ever Voluntary Guidelines on Food Systems and Nutrition (VGFSyN), which aims to support countries to eliminate hunger malnutrition by utilizing a food systems approach.

About the Guidelines

The Guidelines underlines the complex and multidimensional interlinkages between sustainable food systems and healthy diets for the citizen.

Food systems are complex activities involving production, processing, storage, distribution, marketing, consumption, food loss, waste, and the outputs of these activities, including social, economic, and environmental outcomes.

Significance of guidelines

The guidelines-

– Work upon and complement the work and mandate of other international bodies, like United Nations.

– Call for realizing the right to adequate food for all, particularly for the most vulnerable and affected groups.

– Are focused on policy planning and governance to make food systems more resilient and responsive.

About Committee on World Food Security (CFS)

Committee on World Food Security (CFS) is the only international and intergovernmental platform for all stakeholders who work together to ensure food security and nutrition.

The Committee is responsible for the United Nations (UN) General Assembly through Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Conference.

The Committee also holds an annual Plenary session every October in FAO, headquartered in Rome.

Current Situation in India

State of Hunger and Malnutrition:

According to FAO’s ‘The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, 2020’ Report:

a) 189.2 million people are undernourished in India (14% of the population)

b) 51.4% of women of reproductive age are anemic.

c) 34.7% of the children aged under five are stunted

d) 20% suffer from wasting

e) Besides, India ranked 94th among 107 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2020.

Initiatives Taken:

  1. POSHAN Abhiyaan aims to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia, and low birth weight babies.
  2. Antoydaya Anna Yojana (AAY) aims to provide food at subsidized prices to vulnerable families.
  3. The Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) focuses on comprehensive early childhood care and development by working upon children (0-6 age), pregnant women, and adolescent girls.
  4. The Mid-day Meal (MDM) scheme aims to improve nutritional health among school children.
  5. Under the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), Rs. 6,000 is to be allotted directly to pregnant women’s bank accounts for availing better facilities for child’s birth.




The annual World Sustainable Development Summit was conducted by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)


The Theme of the 2021 Summit was ‘Redefining our common future: Safe and secure environment for all.’

About TERI

TERI is a non-profit research institute established in 1974. It conducts research work in energy, environment, and sustainable development for India and the Global South.

Reassurance to Climate Mitigation Efforts

India is committed to its targets under the Paris Climate Change Agreement to reduce GDP intensity by 33 to 35 percent from 2005 levels.

India’s also steady progressing towards achieving 450 gigawatts of Renewable Energy generating capacity till 2030.

Different Initiatives of India under the International Solar Alliance were also discussed during the summit to achieve the goal.

To enhance Disaster Resilience Capacity:

For enhancing India’s disaster management capabilities, commitments to Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) were assured.

CDRI: It is a multi-stakeholder global partnership of country governments, UN organizations, multilateral regional and international banks, private sector, and knowledge institutions to build resilience into infrastructure systems to ensure sustainable development.

Initiatives are taken

Ujala Programme: To reduce over 38 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per year, 367 million LED bulbs were distributed under the Ujala Program.

PM Ujjwala Yojna: To provide clean cooking fuel to more than 80 million households below the poverty line, India is working to increase the share of natural gas in India’s energy basket from 6% to 15% under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana.

Jal Jeevan Mission: It is launched to connect over 34 million households with tap connections in 18 months.

World Sustainable Development Summit

The World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) (earlier known as Delhi Sustainable Development Summit) is the annual flagship event which is conducted by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI).


It acts as a single platform for actions towards sustainable development and climate change.

It aims to bring all stakeholders, political leadership of the world, and thinkers in sustainable development, energy, and environment sectors on a similar platform.

Sustainable Development

 As per Brundtland Commission in its report ‘Our Common Future’ (1987), ‘The development that meets the needs of the present without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their own needs.’

Climate Change

Climate Variability is referred to as a long-term change in the average weather events that relate to those variations that persist for a more extended period, typically decades or more, have come to define Earth’s local, regional and global climates.

The Climate data records key climate change indicators, such as global warming; rising sea levels; ice loss at Earth’s poles and in mountain glaciers; frequency and severity changes in extreme weather such as Cyclones, Typhoons, hurricanes, heatwaves, wildfires, droughts, floods, and precipitation, etc.


Child Beggars


Lok Sabha recently informed us about the steps related to Child Beggars.

– Ministry of Women and Child Development is the Ministry of concern as far as the matters related to juvenile crime comes into the limelight. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act) is the primary law to deal with children’s crimes in the country.

– As per Section 2 of the Act, a child who is found working in contravention of labor laws or is found begging is included as a “child in need of care and protection.” 

– As Section 76 deals with the provision against child labor, according to the act. Anybody who employs any child for begging shall be punishable with imprisonment up to five years and a fine of one lakh rupees.

– Child Protection Services (CPS) works under the Integrated Child Development Services scheme to help children in difficult circumstances safeguard them from begging and become destitute children.

– Rehabilitative measures are taken under Institutional care through Child Care Institutions (CCIs).

– The scheme supports toll-free 24×7 emergency helpline service for children in distress conditions from anywhere in India.

– The scheme also includes the education of children engaged in begging.