AFPA

Narrow Band IoT Network

On December 10, 2020, BSNL in partnership with the Skylo announced the world’s first satellite based Narrow Band Internet of Things network system in India. This is about to bring a revolution in satellite based narrowband internet of things technology. It will also help in attaining the targets of Digital India mission serving farmers, fishermen, building and Logistic Enterprises in India.

This Made in India solution will link the BSNL satellite ground structure including the Indian seas. This has been presented under the picturing of BSNL to leverage technology to provide innovative and affordable telecom services. Apart from these, NB-IoT is very supporting 5G network.

What is Narrow Band Internet of Things (NB-IoT)?

It is a Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) technology that was developed to allow wide range of new internet of things devices. It mainly improves the influence consumption of the devices, spectrum efficacy and classification capacity. Under this technology battery life of more than 10 years can be achieved in devices.

The technology is highly reasonable to connect two vehicles and additional IoT devices.

The channels and bodily layer indicators in the technology are intended to meet the requirements of extended coverage, especially in deep indoors and rural parts. It is much simpler than that of the GPRS or GSM Technologies.

It is to be noted that Nokia recently began its manufacture of 5G NR Equipment in India. This says that India is taking every step to upsurge internet connectivity in the country by broadening its innovative solutions.

GPRS and GSM

GPRS is General Packet Radio Service. GSM is Global System for Mobile communication.

The GSM was established to describe the conventions of 2G digital cellular networks. It was first executed in Finland in 1991. In 2010s, it developed a global standard for mobile communications accomplishing more than 90% market share.

The GPRS is mobile data standard launched for 2G and 3G cellular networks. Both GSM and GPRS were established by European Telecommunications Standards Institute.

The NB-IoT can coexist with 2G, 3G and 4G mobile networks.

Asian Development Outlook

The Asian Development Bank just released the Asian Development Outlook. In its outlook, the ADB said that it is predictable that Indian economy is to contract by – 8% in the financial year 2020-21. Previous it was assessed by the bank that India would contract by – 9%. This is the GDP estimate of India by the bank. The development estimate has been kept at 8%. These announcements are part of the Asian Development Outlook.

As stated by the Asian Development Outlook, the evolving Asia is to contract by 0.4 % in 2020 and raise by 6.8% in 2021. The Asian Development Bank also stated that the development of South Asia in the financial year 2020-21 will be at 7.2%.

Key conclusions

According to the Asian Development Outlook, out by the Asian Development Bank, inflation is projected to lessen in the coming months. It is to be upheld at 4% in India as per the report. The report also says that in India the supply chain disturbance amplified the food inflation to 9.1 % in the first seven months of 2020. This boosted the headline price rises to 6.9 percent.

According to the report agriculture, manufacturing is mounting in India and fixed investment is diminishing. The net exportations led to 3.4% growth in Q2. The Reserve Bank of India has also announced during its recent Monetary Policy Review that India is recuperating faster than anticipated.

About Reserve Bank of India:

The Reserve Bank of India plans that India is to contract by 7.5%. Earlier the bank anticipated that the reduction will be by 9.5%.

Asian Development Bank

It is devoted in achieving prosperous, comprehensive and supportable Asia and the Pacific. According to the bank, India and China are the crucial players in determining the economies of the South and South East Asian region.

Way forward

The current developments of vaccines are alleviating the horror of economic crisis. The report accomplishes that safe and timely vaccine conveyance to developing economies is crucial for the reopening of economies.

UNICEF Day: December 11

 

Every year, UNICEF Day is observed on December 11 by the United Nations. The UNICEF day is celebrated on December 11 as the United Nations General Assembly formed UNICEF on December 11, 1946. UNICEF stands for United Nations International Children Emergency Fund. It was started in order to provide assistance, supplies and improve health, education, nutrition of children after World War II.

Related Information

The organisation was initially named UNICEF, that is, United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. However, in 1953 the words International and emergency were removed from its name by the United Nations. But still the acronym continued to exist.

UN adopted Declaration of the Rights of Child on November 20, 1959. It also adopted the Promise on the Rights of the Child on November 20, 1989 and is guided by this convention. Due to these reasons November 20 is observed as Universal Children’s Day or World Children’s Day. The day is celebrated by UNICEF in order to encourage international friendship and awareness in child growth.

About UNICEF

UNICEF works in more than 190 countries and territories. It aims to save lives of children, defend their rights and help them fulfil their potential.

It was bestowed the Nobel Prize for peace in 1965. The effort of UNICEF includes child Safety, child development and nutrition, polio obliteration, children and age, reproductive and Child Well-being, sponsorship and partnership, emergency readiness and response, etc.

Report by UNICEF

The UNICEF issues the State of World Children Report. As per the state of world children report, 2019, at least one in three children under five is overweight or malnourished. The report also says that at least one in two children grieve from hidden malnutrition. The three main worries that threaten the existence and development of children are overweight, undernutrition and hidden starvation. They are named the triple burden of undernourishment.

The main grounds of triple burden of undernourishment are globalisation, in equities, suburbanization, humanitarian crisis and weather shudders.

 

 

International Mountain Day observed

 

Every year International Mountain Day is observed on December 11 by United Nations and numerous other worldwide organisations. It is significant to preserve mountains as they are home to 15% of world population. They also crowd more than half of world biodiversity hotspots. Also, preserving mountains is a key part of Goal 15 of the Sustainable Development Goals.

This time the International Mountain Day is being celebrated underneath the theme: Mountain Biodiversity

History

The first Worldwide Mountain Day was observed in 2003. The increasing consideration expanded by the mountains and their conservatory measures enforced the United Nations to proclaim 2002 as the UN International Year of Mountains.

In 1992, the Managing Fragile Ecosystems: Sustainable Mountain Development that was implemented by the United Nations was approved. This was a part of the action plan Agenda 21 of the Conference on Environment and Development.

Sustainable Development Goals

The target four of the Sustainable Development Goal 15 is devoted to the preservation of mountains biodiversity. Similarly, the decade 2021 to 2030 was avowed as the UN Decade on Ecosystem Refurbishment. This includes mountain ecosystem also. Governments have to prepare post 2020 Global Biodiversity Framework to be adopted at the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity. These actions will aid to save mountains.

Position of Mountains

According to the United Nations, out of the 20 plant types that supply 80% of the world food, six are diversified in the mountains. They are potatoes, barley, tomatoes, barley, sorghum and apples. More than half of the civilization rely on mountain fresh water for unremarkable life. More than 30% of the key biodiversity areas in the world are located in the mountains.

Need of the hour

Highlands are under high threat from climate change and overexploitation. Mountain glaciers are melting are high rates. Therefore, it becomes vital to reduce the carbon foot print and save these mountains and their ecosystems.

HelpAge India presented UN Population Award for 2020

 

HelpAge India has been presented the UN Population Award for 2020 (institutional category), according to a release issued by UNFPA.

Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981, the United Nations Population Award recognises contributions in the fields of population and

For the first time in the history of the UN population award, the honour is being conferred on an Indian organization. The last time when the honor came to an Indian was 28 years ago, back in 1992, when it was awarded to Mr.J.R.D. Tata as a distinct laureate. HelpAge India, which has been at work for ‘the cause and care of underprivileged older persons to recover their worth of life’ for over four decades, is the primary Indian institution to receive this award.

About Help Age India:

HelpAge India is an Indian body intensive on the concerns of elders. Established in 1978, its mission is “to toil for the cause and care of needy older people and to expand their quality of life”. HelpAge supports for their requirements such as, for Quality healthcare, Universal Pension, Action against Elder Abuse and many more at the nationwide, state and social level, with the Central and State administrations. It runs several Age cares programs to service elder needs. The goal is to aid disadvantaged elders in an all-inclusive manner, enabling them to live active, honorable and healthier lives.

Previous awards:

  • NGO Leadership & Excellence Award
  • Bharat Nirman Award
  • Times Social Impact Awards
  • ICAI Financial Excellence Award
  • Healthcare Leadership Award
  • CRISIL Award
  • Great Place to Work Award
  • Award for Outstanding Influence to Social Welfare

 

 

A.P. inaugurates ‘Jagananna Jeeva Kranthi’ scheme

 

Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy on 10 December, 2020 virtually hurled the ‘Jagananna Jeeva Kranthi’ scheme, under which 2.49 lakh sheep and goats will be distributed to womenfolk in a phased way at a cost of $1,869 crore. The scheme will assist to improve the living values of women with less investment.

Under this scheme, SC, ST women in the group of 45 and 60 years of age would get 2.49 lakh sheep and goat units in three phases. Each unit comprises 15 sheep or goats. The State would ease and provide recommendations, in case the women want to purchase the sheep and goats on their own. This scheme will be applied at a cost of Rs 1869 crore.

 

 

World Indoor athletics championship postponed

 

The World indoor athletics championships planned at Nanjing next year have been postponed until March 2023 World Athletics announced on 10 December, 2020. The event had already been moved from this year to March 19-21, 2021, because of the epidemic. The Nanjing event will now take place a year after the Belgrade 2022 World championships.

About indoor athletics championship

The World Athletics Indoor Championships are a biennial indoor track and field competition aided as the global championship for that version of the sport. Organised by the World Athletics, the competition was initiated as the World Indoor Games in 1985 in Paris, France and was later renamed to IAAF World Indoor Championships in 1987. The current name was adapted with the name change of the sports governing body in 2019.

Events:

The events held have persisted more or less the same since they were made, with the main modifications coming in the earlier years.

The 4 x 400 m relay race for both men and women were added to the full schedule in 1991 with the women’s triple jump, the latter as an exhibition event, and gaining full status at the following championships.

Racewalking events were dropped after 1993, and a 1600 m medley relay was tried but was discontinued were due to poor interest. This same year, a men’s heptathlon and women’s pentathlon were successfully introduced as non-championship events, and have remained on the program since.

In 1997 the women’s pole vault entered the fray, two years before it made an appearance at the event’s outdoor counterpart.

Despite the event’s popularity, the 200 m was removed from the program after the 2004 championships, as the event was considered unfair and too expectable, with the tight bends involved in the race meaning any athletes not drawn in either of the outside lanes had negligible or no chance of captivating.