AFPA

16th Yudh Abhyas begin in Bengaluru

 

The 16th Edition of ‘Yuddha Abhyas’ was initiated between the Army of India and the USA at the Mahajan Field Firing Range (MFFR), Rajasthan. It is a 12-day exercise which will be concluded on 21st Feb.

The 11th Jammu and Kashmir Rifles are representing the Indian Army, and the US side was led by the troops of the 2nd battalion, 3rd infantry regiment of 1-2 Stryker Brigade Combat Team. A team of 250 soldiers is involved from both sides.

To increase interoperability and cooperation in Counter-Terrorism operations is the main aim of the exercise. The exercise is not only focused on the field and combat post-training but also showcases cultural exchanges. The Combat Post Exercise is organized to keep in mind the United Nations Peacekeeping Operation Staff Tasks. On the other hand, The Field Training Exercise is being conducted to enhance combined operational capacity.

Military Platforms involved in the exercise

Aerial and Land- based military platforms and equipment have been involved in the exercise from both the side. Advanced Light Helicopter ‘RUDRA,’ MI-17 Chinooks, etc., are the helicopters, and Stryker Vehicles of the US Army and BMP-II Mechanized Infantry Combat Vehicles of the Indian Army was a part of the exercise.

 

 

 

Denmark to build World’s First Energy Island in the North Sea

 

The Denmark leadership has approved the plan to construct the World’s First Energy Island in the North Sea in order to produce and store green energy to cover the requirements of over 3 million households in European Countries. The cost of construction of the artificial island is Rs 2.4 lakh Rupees. The island aims at reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 70% (1990 levels). The island will be an example of a Public-Private Partnership in which the Govt will hold 51% stakes, and the remaining will be financed by the private sector.

The island is expected to generate more than 180 GW of electricity by using renewable energy. The island has the potential to produce more than 150 GW from Wind Energy alone. The biggest construction project in the history of Denmark is expected to be operational from the year 2033.

About Denmark

Prime Minister – Mette Frederiksen

Capital – Copenhagen

 

 

 

Govt formed a committee to ban 27 pesticides

 

The Government has planned to form an expert panel to review industries’ objections to the proposed ban on 27 pesticides. According to the govt listed, 27 pesticides are harmful to animals and humans.

Former Assistant Director-General of Indian Council on Agricultural Reform T. P. Rajendran will lead the committee.

The committee will review the May 2020 decision of the govt in which the Ministry of Agriculture and Family Welfare has issued Banning of Insecticides, 2020.

What are the objections posed by industries?

Among the 27, 23 insecticides have been strongly defended by the companies by submitting scientific evidence.

  • The companies are exporting the majority of the listed insecticides, and if export stops, companies are likely to face a 40% loss.
  • The banning of pesticides will shift the focus from Indian Exporters to Chinese Exporters.
  • Banning such pesticides will also put an extra burden on farmers as the farmers’ controversial insecticides cost Rs. 270-450, unlike their alternatives, which costs Rs. 1200-1500 per liters.

 

Supreme Rejected the President’s Rule in Uttar Pradesh

 

The Apex Court has rejected the PIL demanding president’s rule in Uttar Pradesh. The PIL sought an alleged breakdown of constitutional machinery and rising crime in the state. According to the petitioner, the state is facing unlawful and arbitrary killings, including extrajudicial killings. He accused the state government of rising crime and not carrying on following the provisions of the Constitution.

Court’s View:

The Supreme Court refused to act as the petition filing advocate was unable to produce comparing data of other states and questioned him about the research of other states’ criminal records.

What do the NCRB 2019 Reports say?

According to the National Crime Record Bureau 2019, a total of 4,05,861 cases registered were the crime against women. Of which almost 60,000 points were in Uttar Pradesh.

What is President’s Rule?

  • Under article 356 of the Indian Constitution, President possesses the power to suspend the state government and impose the rule of the President in any state of the country.
  • The provision is also known as ‘State Emergency’ or ‘Constitutional Emergency.’

What happens when President’s Rule imposed?

  1. There would be no council of Ministers.
  2. Under the leadership of the President. The Governor would be the head of the state.
  3. The form will be under the direct control of Union Govt or Central Govt.

Does only the apex court’s permission need to impose a state emergency?

  1. Both the Parliament houses should be on the same page; otherwise, it cannot be imposed.
  2. The provision can be approved with a simple majority in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

What is the duration of the Constitutional Emergency?

It can be imposed for six months and can be extended up to 36 months, provided an extension every six months. 

 

 

 

India Signed MoU to construct Lalandar Dam

 

The Indian Political leadership has approved Lalandar Dam’s construction (Also known as Shatoot Dam) in Afghanistan. A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between India and Afghanistan to construct the dam on Kabul River Basin.

The dam will be partially funded by India under New Development Partnership and was inaugurated by External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar. Shatoot Dam Construction work will be conducted by following India’s footstep built ‘Sama Dam’ or ‘India Afghanistan Friendship Dam’ which was inaugurated by the then President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani and the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi.

Importance of dam to Afghanistan?

– It will help Afghanistan to evade water shortage.

– It will hold 146 million cubic meters of water.

– It will provide irrigation water to over 4,000-hectare agricultural Land.

– It will become the primary source of drinking water to the largest city of Afghanistan, Kabul.

Importance of Dam construction in Indo-Afghan relations

– India is the biggest supporter of Democratically led and governed Afghanistan.

– To maintain peace and stability in Afghanistan, India has funded numerous projects worth $ 2 billion towards developing infrastructure projects, including an assembly for the Afghan Parliament and Humanitarian and Disaster relief Projects.

– Due to Salma Dam, over 40,000 families are getting the benefit of safe drinking water, and 80,000 hectares of Land are getting irrigation water. Building a similar dam in another region shows India’s commitment to Afghanistan’s welfare.

Issues related to the Shatoot dam

– Pakistan is obstructing the development of the Lalandar dam.

– According to Pak, the Kabul River downflows into Pakistan, and the construction of such a dam will affect the water flow up to 16 – 17 %.

 

 

 

India will be Largest Source of Energy Demand Growth in 2040

 

According to ‘India Energy Outlook 2021’, a report published by the International Energy Agency, India will become the world’s third-largest energy consumer by 2030. India will surpass the European Union as India’s Energy demand growth share will be maximum at 25% in the next two decades. As per India’s National Policy, by 2040, India’s GDP will grow up to $8.6 trillion US Dollars. The bigger the GDP, the higher the demand, which is estimated to be increased by 25% in the next two decades. International Energy Agency also urged India to spend $1.4 trillion to adopt clean energy technologies over the next two decades.

International Energy Agency

Executive Director: Fatih Birol

Headquarter: Paris, France

 

 

 

Food and Agriculture Organization’s Sustainable and Aquaculture Declaration

 

During the 34th session of UN’s FAO Committee on Fisheries, virtually, the first-ever Declaration for Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture.

What does the Declaration call for?

The Declaration’s main aim is to take intense action against illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing and emphasized the importance of recovering from the pandemic’s impacts. 

About FAO

Director-General: Qu Dongyu

HQ: Rome, Italy

 

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