AFPA

IIT Guwahati developed the technique to enhance the performance of Lithion-ion batteries

 

Researchers and Scientists of IIT Guwahati has developed a new technique which will be useful to enhance the performance of Lithium-ion batteries and make them long lasting.

About Lithium-ion batteries:

Most of the smartphone and other rechargeable electronic products like laptops, tablets, power banks, etc. commonly use lithium-ion powered batteries. 

Even, most of the Electric Vehicles running on road accelerates on road due to the power provided by these lithium-ion batteries.

Basically, these batteries store energy and provide it when there is a demand.

Batteries can also be used to store renewable energy power like solar energy, wind power, etc. which eventually helps to decrease the dependency on fossil fuel run vehicles and generated electricity.

Enhancing the performance of batteries will surely help to push mankind towards fuel free society.

Dis-advantages of lithium-ion batteries:

Overheating – The problem of overheating is common in lithium-ion batteries.

Damages at High voltage – Lithium-Ion Batteries are tending to damage at high voltages.

Loses its capacity – As the time passes, the battery losses its capacity even the use of the device remains as same as it was on the first day.

Other alternative and research work:

Lithium-Sulphur Battery:

Lithium – Sulphur is said to be the successor of Li-Ion batteries.

Last year in January, Australian researchers have come up with the formula of Lithium-Sulphur batteries. They claimed it to be capable of powering smartphones for 5 days.

Advantages of Li-S batteries:

Lower Cost of Production

Improved Safety

Comparatively Long-Lasting

Energy Efficiency

Abundantly available raw material

Facts about Lithium reserves and lithium-ion batteries:

India imports all its lithium-ion batteries (165 Cr batteries have been imported in last 4 years).

Lithium-ion batteries estimated import worth $ 4 billion.

China is the largest supplier of Li-Ion batteries.

Its reserves are found only on Bolivia, Argentina, Australia, and China.

Recent discovery suggests the existence of lithium reserves in india also.

About Lithium Reserves:

In Feb 2021, Govt of India confirmed the 1600 tonnes Lithium reserve discovery in Karnataka’s Mandya.

Mica belts in Bihar, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh; Pegmatite belts in Odisha, and Chhattisgarh; Brines of Pachpadra and Sambar, Rajasthan and Runn of Kutch area of Gujarat are some potential sites where Lithium reserves can be found.

 

 

 

India Netherland Virtual Summit

 

Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi with his Dutch counterpart Mark Rutte has conducted a virtual summit.

Highlights of the Summit:

After elected for his 4th consecutive term, Mark Rutte conducted his 1st high level talks with India.

They discussed grave issues like terrorism, global warming. Climate change, covid-19 pandemic.

India – Netherland cooperation in traditional areas:

Trade and Economy

Water Management

Agriculture Sector

Healthcare

Science and Technology

Space

Smart Cities

India – Netherland Cooperation in New Areas:

Indo – Pacific

Resilient Supply Chains

Global Digital Governance

About Netherland:

Prime Minister – Mark Rutte

Capital – Amsterdam

Currency – Euro

 

30th Session of BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change has been virtually conducted by India

 

The Union Environment Minister of India Prakash Javadekar chaired the 30th session of the Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change virtually. The virtual event was hosted by India. Environment Ministers of all BASIC countries participated in the virtual event.

Highlights of the session:

BASIC group of countries urged developed countries to revise their climate change mitigation targets under the Kyoto Protocol, and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

It also urged developed countries to fulfill their commitments towards providing support to developing countries and a clear roadmap to mobilize USD 100 Billion per year from 2021 to 2025.

About BASIC Countries:

It is a group of four countries namely Brazil, India, China, and South Africa.

It was established in 2009 on the sidelines of the Copenhagen Summit of UNFCCC.

Objective

To reduce Greenhouse gas emissions.

To raise massive funds to fight climate change.

India and its efforts against climate change:

The Solar Capacity installations are increased 14 times in last 7 years

India is targeting to achieve 175 Gigawatts Renewable Energy Capacity by 2022 and 450 Gigawatts by 2030.

India maintained its forest cover at 15% of total CO2 emission since 2016.

Other facts:

South Africa showed interest in conducting 31ST basic Ministerial Meetings on Climate Change in 2022.

UN Climate Change COP26 is scheduled to be held in Glasgow, the UK in Nov 2021.

 

 

 

NITI Aayog launched first of its kind online Dispute Resolution Handbook

 

Supreme Court Justice D. V. Chandrachud has recently released an Online Dispute Resolution Handbook. The handbook was developed by Agami Omidyar Network Limited in association with NITI Ayog, ICIC Bank, Ashoka innovators, etc.

About the Handbook:

It features insights and learning which allows people to successfully adopt Online Dispute Resolution.

Online Dispute Resolution Mechanism is used to resolve any dispute collaboratively outside the court.

The handbook will help people to negotiate, mediate, conciliate, and arbitrate on disputes out of the court, which eventually minimizes the court’s burden.

About NITI Aayog:

NITI stands for National Institution for Transforming India.

It was established in 2014 and operationalized in 2015, I Jan under the resolution of the Union Cabinet.

The Prime Minister is the ex-officio chairperson of the NITI Aayog.

The Chief Executing Officer is Amitabh Kant who played a vital role in developing and releasing the Our HANDBOOK.

Its headquarter is located in New Delhi.

 

Ethanol blending reached 7.2%

 

India has achieved the fate of blending ethanol in petrol up to average All-India 7.2%. It is the first time that such a high percentage of ethanol has been blended in the first four months of the ethanol supply year Dec 2020 – Nov 21.  

Before this, the best ever blending percentage was 5.2%. India is trying to blend 10% of ethanol by 2022 and 20% by 2025.

The Union govt is promoting ethanol blending in petrol as merits National Ethanol Policy 2018 under Ethanol Blended Petrol Program.

Though the average percentage is just over 7 percentage, ethanol blending is much higher in several states. States like Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, UTs of Daman and Diu and Nagara Haveli, etc. blend 9.5 to 10 % of ethanol.

With the support of other Oil-Marketing companies in India, till Nov 2021, the avg ethanol blending is expected to reach 8% in the nation.

To meet the requirement of India and to achieve 20% of ethanol blending, India requires more than 1000 Crore liter ethanol capacity.

What are the sources of ethanol?

Agriculture produces like Sugarcane, its juice, molasses are the easily available ethanol sources. Similarly, damaged food grains, maize, surplus rice with the Food Corporation of India can also act as a source to generate petrol blend read ethanol.

Why ethanol-blended petrol?

Petrol is a fossil fuel that is responsible for vehicular pollution.

Blending ethanol with petrol helps vehicles to reduce pollution.

It will further help to reduce the import of crude oil eventually will decrease the dependency on other nations.

Why ethanol Why not other substances?

Along with reducing pollution it also helps the Sugar industry with its value addition.

What is Ethanol Blended Petrol Program?

The program aims to achieve a maximum blending of petrol with ethanol.

It was launched in 2003, by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural as.

The program allows reducing the GST on ethanol to 5% from 18%.

It helps to open new alternatives to generate ethanol.

Fact:

Minister for Petroleum, and Natural Gas: Dharmendra Pradhan