Indian Coast Guard is set to celebrate 45th Raising Day


The Indian Coast Guard is all set to celebrate its 45th Foundation Day. It is a reliable force that possesses the following functions:

  1. Security of the Coastline
  2. Safety of the Seafaring Community and Coastal Populace
  3. Securing the Indian Coasts
  4. Enforcing Regulations within the Maritime Zones

The Indian Coast Guard had been established in 1977-78 with just seven surface platforms. After 45 years of its inception, the water arm has now been a formidable force of 156 ships, 62 aircraft, and a sizeable fleet of boats to counter any enemy’s offense. It is expected that the ICG will be having 200 surface platforms and 80 aircraft by the year 2025.

About ICG

  • It is the fourth largest Coast Guard of the World.
  • Motto – ‘Vayam Rakshamah’ meaning ‘We Protect.’
  • HQ – New Delhi.
  • Director General – K Natarajan.
  • It has saved more than 10000 lives, i.e., on average, the force saves a person every two days.

During the lockdown, the ICG chooses to serve the nation vigilantly. To ensure maritime borders’ safety and not allow any miscreants to take advantage of worldwide lockdown, the Indian Coast Guard had made their 50 ships and 12 aircraft on 24*7 vigil. Especially in Exclusive Economic Zones.




Corruption Perception Index 2020


According to experts and business people, the corruption Perception Index scans the corruption levels of countries’ public sector corruption. It gives marks to countries; the higher the country’s marks, the lesser will be the country’s corruption. The index marks from a scale of 0 to 100. A total of 180 countries have been ranked.

Countries which performed best and worst

  1. The top rank of the index is occupied and shared by New Zealand and Denmark. Both countries possess an 88 CPI Score.
  2. Among the notorious countries of the index are South Sudan and Somalia. Both the countries possess a 12 CPI Score that forces them to occupy the lowest ranks, i.e., 179, in the Corruption Perception Index.

Conclusion: Though CPI does not reflect the actual corruption level in any nation; still, India is very low on the corruption index.


The textile minister inaugurated International Silk Fair’s eighth edition


The Union Minister of Textile, Smriti Irani, inaugurated the 8th Edition of the International Silk Fair virtually. It is the biggest silk fair in the country.

India is the 2nd largest producer of Silk after China. India possesses a long history of silk production. Interestingly, it is the only country in the world that produces all the wide varieties of silk – Mulberry, Eri, Tassar, and Muga.




Around 89 lakh children were given polio drops on National Immunization Day


National Polio Immunization drive was administered across the country. The Union Health Ministry said that over seven lakh booths were involved in the campaign. After the drive, house-to-house surveillance activity will be conducted to identify children who missed getting vaccinated at the booths.




Natural Capital Accounting and Valuations of the Ecosystem India Forum 2021


The Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI) has organized the Natural Capital Accounting and Valuations of the Ecosystem India Forum 2021 virtually.

About NCAVES Project

  1. The project was started by the European Union in 2017.
  2. There are five participating countries – India, China, Mexico, Brazil, and South Africa.
  3. United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), and Secretariat of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) are the implementing agencies of the project.
  4. European Union is the funding agency of the project.
  5. The project is expected to end in 2021.
  6. In India, the project is implemented by the Union Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation.

Objectives of the CAVES Project

  1. The project spreads awareness related to Environment-Economic accounting for sustainable Economic Growth using the United Nations System of Environment and Economic Accounting framework.
  2. It aims to improve the check and balance of ecosystem and services at the National and Sub-National Level.
  3. To streamline the biodiversity and ecosystem related policy-making and their implementation
  4. Contribution towards sustainable development

About NCAVES India Forum 2021

–        The forum represents India’s success in the area of Natural Capital Accounting 9NCA).

–        It prioritizes the evolving opportunities for NCA in the Nation.

–        Other participants get informed and showcased the International Agencies’ work in the Area of NCA.

–        It provides a research platform for institutions to present their research work on different ecosystem services.

EnviStats India

It is a report released by MoSPI to highlight the ministry’s efforts under the CAVES Project.

  • Minister of Statistics and Program Implementation: Rao Inderjit Singh
  • Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change: Prakash Javadekar
  • UNDP Executive Director: Inger Anderson
  • UN Convention on Biological Diversity: Elizabeth Mrema

1st Indigenous Metro Racks of the nation in Mumbai, Maharashtra


The Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Uddhav Thackeray, unveiled the first indigenous metro racks in Mumbai.

Important facts

–       The rake is manufactured by Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) in its Bengaluru based facility.

–       The trial run is expected to set from March 2021 for a month or two.

–       The rake is expected to get operational clearance in May 2021.

About Maharashtra

Governor: Bhagat Singh Koshyari

National Parks: Gugamal, Sanjay Gandhi, Tadoba, etc.




Nilgiri Elephant Corridor


The Corridor is in the news as the Supreme Court has appointed a Member to hear landowners’ complaints against sealing of their homes infringing it.

Nilgiri Elephant Corridor

  • Location:

–  It is situated in a transition zone where Eastern and Western ghat meets the transition areas is known as Sigur Plateau.

–  It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park.

– The Moyar River valley is situated on the north-eastern side of the Corridor.

Elephant Corridors in India

  • There more than 100 elephant corridors in India.
  • Most of them are situated in the southern, eastern, and north-eastern forest zones.

Important Elephant Corridors

·        North Bengal-Greater Manas Landscape (Assam-West Bengal)- West Bengal


·        Meghalaya Landscape- Meghalaya


·        Brahmagiri-Nilgiri-Eastern Ghat Landscape (Karnataka- Kerala-Tamilnadu-Andhra)- Karnataka and Kerala


There are estimated 6500 elephants in Brahmagiri-Nilgiris-Western Ghats Ranges.

Challenges for Corridors

  • Narrow passages for elephants
  • Human Encroachment
  • Intercepted Corridors
  • Land use along the corridors

Initiatives to conserve the elephants

  1. Gaj Yatra
  2. Project Elephant
  3. MIKE (Monitoring and Illegal Killing of Elephants)

Niligiri Biosphere Reserve

  • Nilgiris (literary means blue mountains) is situated within the Western Ghats and encompasses parts of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala (Total 5520 sq. km).
  • It is the first Biosphere Reserve of India declared in 1986.
  • Famous Animals: Nilgiri – Tahr, Langur, Slender Loris, Blackbuck, Tiger, Gaur, Elephant, Marten, etc.
  • Fish Species – Nilgiri danio, Nilgiri barb, Bowany barb, etc.
  • Tribals – Todas, Kotas, Allar, Malayan, Paniyas, Irullas, Edanadan, Chettis, etc.
  • Cauvery and its major tributaries like Bhavani, Moyar, Kabini, Chaliyar, Punampuzha, etc., possess catchment areas within the reserve boundary.
  • Protected Areas: Bandipur National Park, Silent Valley National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Mukurthi National Park, Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, etc.