Former IOA chief Ramachandran elected to World Triathlon Audit Committee


  • Ramachandran, who is the CEO of Indian Triathlon Federation, was elected to the committee at the XXXIII World Triathlon Congress elections held virtually for the first time on November 29. He is the first Indian to be on this panel and was among the five elected from a total of 11 delegates.

What is World Triathlon?

  • World Triathlon is the international governing body for the multi-sport disciplines of triathlon, duathlon, aquathlon and other nonstandard variations. World Triathlon hosts the top level international race series the ITU World Triathlon Series and the ITU Triathlon World Cup. World Triathlon also has a long-distance race circuit with official world championships. Additionally, World Triathlon sanctions and organizes official Aquathlon (swim-run), Duathlon (run-bike-run) and Winter triathlon championships.
  • World Triathlon is headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Marisol Casado was re-elected president of World Triathlon.



Jharkhand to launch two apps to provide classroom-like education experience to students


  • In a bid to provide classroom-like education experience at home and reduce educational loss due to lockdowns, Jharkhand school education and literacy (SEL) department is all set to launch two educational applications for students of class 1 to class 12 on December 3In a bid to provide classroom-like education experience at home and reduce educational loss due to lockdowns, Jharkhand school education and literacy (SEL) department is all set to launch two educational applications for students of class 1 to class 12 on December 3, 2020.
  • The first app namely Learnytic will be dedicated for the students of class 9 to class 12, while another app namely Digischool for students of class 1 to class 8.Schools are shut across Jharkhand for past seven months due to Covid pandemic triggered lockdowns. Officials in the education department have doubts of smooth functioning of the schools this academic session.
  • Jharkhand Education Project Council (JEPC) tried for conditional re-opening of the schools at least for students of class 9 to class 12 but it didn’t work yet. Therefore, the department conceptualized the App based method of education for students.
  • The app for class 9 to class 12 contains e-book, regular syllabus, revised syllabus, digital content, video and animation contents, model questions papers and their answers. The app also provides the facility of performance test. Hordes of question sets are available there. If students fail to solve any question, the app will guide them how to solve it and which topic they should go through for this.



The 16th edition of the Airtel Delhi Half Marathon expectedly produced new champions and course records


  • Ethiopians Amedework Walelegn and Yalemzerf Yehualaw claimed the men’s and women’s titles respectively.
  • Among the Indians, National 3000m steeplechase record­holder Avinash Sable led the charge, finishing 10th overall in 1:00:30s — the first time an Indian has run under 61 minutes over the distance and smashing the Indian half marathon record by more than three minutes an the event record by more than four minutes.

About Airtel Delhi Half Marathon (ADHM)

  • Airtel Delhi Half Marathon (ADHM) is an annual half marathon foot-race held in New Delhi, India. Established in 2005, it is both an elite runner and mass participation event. It is an AIMS-certified course and is listed as a Gold Label Road Race by the IAAF.
  • The 2009 event attracted around 30k runners who competed in one of the four races.
  • The event includes the half marathon, the 7 km Great Delhi Run, a 4.3 km run for senior citizens, and a 3.5 km wheelchair race.
  • Location: Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Delhi
  • Event type: Road
  • Distance: Half marathon
  • Primary sponsor: Airtel
  • Established: 2005
    Price Money:
    The half marathon is the elite runner race, while the Great Delhi Run attracts the majority of participants overall. The inaugural edition in 2005 had total prize money of US$310,000. The prize for the winners of the men’s and women’s race was $25,000 dollars in 2009 and $27,000 in 2015.

Lewis Hamilton won the Bahrain Formula One Grand Prix for Mercedes


1st-  Hamilton (Mercedes) 

2nd- Verstappen (Red Bull) 

3rd- Albon (Red Bull)

About Lewis Hamilton:

  • Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton MBE HonFREng (born 7 January 1985) is a British racing driver currently competing in Formula One for Mercedes, having previously driven for McLaren. Hamilton has won a joint-record seven World Drivers’ Championship titles (tied with Michael Schumacher), while he holds the outright records for the most wins (95), pole positions (98), podium finishes (164), points finishes (228), career points (3763) and points in a season (413). Hamilton is regarded as one of the greatest Formula One drivers in history, with some journalists, experts and fellow drivers describing him as the greatest of all time.



Actor Dave Prowse who played Darth Vader died


The British weightlifter-turned-actor who was the body, though not the voice, of arch-villain Darth Vader in the original Star Wars trilogy.

  • Dave Prowse was 85. Born in Bristol, England, in 1935, Prowse represented England in weightlifting at the 1962 Commonwealth Games.
  • Director George Lucas saw Prowse in a small part in A Clockwork Orange and asked the actor to audition for the villainous Vader or the Wookie Chewbacca in Star Wars. Prowse later told the BBC he chose Darth Vader because “you always remember the bad guys.” Prowse donned Darth Vader’s black armour and helmet for Star Wars (1977), The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983).
  • Prowse was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire(MBE) for services to charity and to road safety in the 2000 New Year Honours.



Andhra Pradesh to hand over 27 km Vizag coastline to Navy


  • The Andhra Pradesh government has formally agreed to give a 27 km stretch of then coastline at Nakkapalli in Vishakhapatnam district for setting up an Alternative Operating Base (AOB) of the Indian Navy.
  • Detailed deliberations have already been held in this regard with top naval of­ficials by the Andhra Pradesh Maritime Board and other departments concerned.
  • The Indian Navy had sought notification for a 97 km area as the limits of the proposed Rambilli port to facilitate the establishment of the AOB on the 27­km stretch. 
  • The Visakhapatnam­ based Eastern Naval Command (ENC) had requested the State government to notify the Rambilli port limits in 2016, and wide ranging consultations had since been held with senior officials of the Navy, including its chief, recently. The AOB is designed to support a fleet of eight to 12 nuclear­ powered ballistic missile vessels and submarines to be built for the Navy.
  • The Navy plans to set up “submarine pens” (bunkers that help in hiding the submarines from spy satellites and protecting them from air attacks) in the AOB.
  • The relevant files have been circulated among the State government departments. 
  • The AOB is given top priority by the State government, along with the three ports mooted at Ramayapatnam, Machilipatnam and Bhavanapadu at an estimated cost of ₹10,000 crore. In another significant development, officials are contemplating setting up ship recycling units. 


Mission COVID Suraksha launched recently


The Government of India recently launched Mission COVID Suraksha to accelerate development of vaccine in the country. It will ensure that the vaccines being developed are brought closer to the market. The mission was introduced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on November 12, 2020 as a part of 12 announcements made under Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan 3.0.

The Finance Minister had allocated Rs 2.65 lakh crores under the fourth economic package. Of this, Rs 900 crores has been allocated to Department of Biotechnology to accelerate development of COVID-19 vaccine. This fund is to be used to implement Phase I of Mission COVID Suraksha which is to run for 12 months. The funds allocated are to be used for the development of vaccines and licensure of vaccines that are in clinical stage or ready to enter clinical stage. The Department is currently supporting development of ten vaccines by different companies working on it.

What is Mission COVID Suraksha?

  • The mission will envisage COVID-19 vaccine development from pre-clinical to manufacturing and regulatory facilitation. The other important roles of the mission are as follows:
  • To establish clinical trial sites. To strengthen existing immunoassay laboratories. To strengthen suitable facilities for animal studies. To establish clinical sites. To support data management systems, trainings, regulatory submissions, accreditations, external quality management and support development of common harmonized protocol.
  • The mission will support cell line development. Cell Line is a cell culture developed from a single cell. It will also support manufacturing of good manufacturing practice batches for animal toxicology studies.

What are the supports offered to Mission COVID Suraksha?

  • The mission will be supported by India Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (Ind-CEPI) and National Bio Pharma Mission.

What is Ind-CEPI?

  • The mission was launched in March 2019 at a cost of Rs 312 crores. The main aim of the programme is to strengthen the development of vaccines for epidemics in India.


  • The mission will support development of at least two to three vaccines until phase 2 of their testing. It will strengthen the infrastructure support of vaccine development through industry-academia interface. The mission will work to strengthen internal inter-ministerial co-ordination to speed up the vaccine development. It will strengthen surveillance, development framework and logistics for the use of new vaccines.

What is CEPI?

  • CEPI is Coalition for Epidemic preparedness Innovations. It is a foundation that was established in 2017 by World Economic forum, India, Norway, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. It was founded at Davos, Switzerland. The headquarters of CEPI is located in Oslo, Norway. CEPI finances independent research projects developing vaccines by taking donations from public, private and philanthropic organisations.

How has CEPI helped the programme?

  • CEPI has so far conducted prioritisation exercises for Nipah virus, Lassa, Chikungunya, MERS and RFV in India.

What is National Bio Pharma Mission?

  • The National Biopharma Mission is being implemented by the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC). It is implemented through industry-academia collaboration. The mission accelerates biopharmaceutical development in the country. The mission was launched in 2017 at a cost of 1500 crore rupees. 50% of the mission is funded by World bank.

What is I3 programme under the mission?

  • The Innovate in India, I3 programme was launched under the mission. It enables an ecosystem to promote indigenous manufacturing in bio Pharma sector.

What are the four verticals under the mission?

  • The four verticals under the mission are development of product leads for vaccine, upgradation of shared infrastructure facilities, development of human capital and developing technology transfer.



India rejects OIC reference to Kashmir

  • India on Sunday ‘strongly’ rejected the criticism of its Kashmir policy by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). 
  • The Ministry of External Affairs hinted at Pakistan and said the OIC is being used by the country for its campaign against India. Indian officials said “ We strongly and categorically reject the factually incorrect, gratuitous and unwarranted references to India in resolutions adopted by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) at the 47th CFM Session in Niamey, Republic of Niger, held on 27­28 November 2020.”
  • The report of the OIC Secretary General on its activities submitted to the 47th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers referred to the situation in J&K and said, “The decision of the Indian government on 5 August 2019 towards changing the demographic and geographic composition of the territory, and the continuous blockade and restrictions together with human rights abuses, had awakened renewed efforts of the international community towards a resolution of the conflict.”

About OIC:

  • The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation formerly the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with a collective population of over 1.8 billion as of 2015 with 49 countries being Muslim-majority countries. The organisation states that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony”.
  • Headquarter- Jeedah, Saudi Arabia
  • Secretary General- Yousef Al Othaimeen.