Right to Recall Members of Panchayati Raj


The Haryana Assembly approved and passed the Haryana Panchayati Raj (Second Amendment) Bill in 2020.


  • It offers women a 50 per cent quota in rural communities.
  • It seeks to increase the inclusion of women in the three-tier Panchayati raj system.
  • It helps them to reserve 50% in gramme panchayats, panchayat samitis and Zila parishes.
  • The bill requires the recall of village heads of the panchayat and representatives of block-level panchayat samitis including district-level Zila Parishad for those who fail to deliver.
  • The right of recall provides the authority to guarantee transparency for an individual in a democracy.
  • To recall the head of the panchayat and the representatives of the two bodies, 50 per cent of the members of the ward or gramme sabha must provide in writing that they wish to begin proceedings. This will be accompanied by a secret ballot, which could require two-thirds of the representatives to vote against.
  • The goal of the amendment is to improve their responsiveness to the electorate.
  • The Bill further suggested 8 per cent of the quota to the “more vulnerable” of the Backward Classes.



Cyclone’s hit and miss in 2020

The time from October to December is amongst the most favourable months for the creation of cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

This year, nevertheless, October passed without the need for a cyclonic storm.

When are the cyclones emerging and reaching Indian coasts?

About 80 cyclones are developed around the globe especially, of which five are formed in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, known together as the North Indian Ocean.

The east and west coasts of India are vulnerable to cyclones with the highest associated hazards — rain, strong winds and storm surge — in the West Bengal, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh coastal districts.

Cyclones in the North Indian Ocean are bimodal in nature, i.e. they occur during two seasons — April to June (pre-monsoon) and October to December (post-monsoon).

Of these, May and November remain the most favourable to the creation of cyclones.

Joe Biden’s Triumph over Trump


Joe Biden was elected as the 46th President of the USA. The Democratic presidential nominee was confirmed as the next President-elect after most of the US media, including CNN and the Associated Press, called the US election results in favour of Joe Biden.

Biden was proclaimed a winner in the major swing states of Pennsylvania and Arizona, defeating Donald Trump on one of the longest-running election counts.

Things you need to know about Joe Bidden:

  • Joe Biden played both a big receiver and a half-back spot on his high school football team. They went unbeaten in 1960.
  • He’s got two German shepherds named Champ and Major.
  • A big auto enthusiast and gearhead, and he still have the ’67 Corvette Stingray he got from his dad.
  • Joe Biden has published and promoted the Violence Against Women Act. The ground-breaking act helped to transform the culture of sexual harassment and domestic abuse.



Indian Origin Woman Kamala Haris- The New Vice President of US

US President Donald Trump criticised Vice President Candidate Kamala Harris by claiming that people don’t like Kamala Harris. She will never be the first woman president of the United States. If she becomes Chancellor, it would be an embarrassment to the United States. He also said that if Joe Biden gains, China wins.

Previously, for the very first time in the history of the United States, Joe Biden picked the first black woman as well as the first male of Indian origin as his vice president. With this landmark decision, Kamala Haris became the first Asian-American woman to run on a big U.S. presidential ticket. Although the Indian-American celebrities accepted her presidency, the new President of the United States conveyed his shock at the election of Joe Biden, citing her as ‘meanest, most terrible’ Harris.



AAI and NVVN join hands

The AAI has reached into an MOU with a branch of NTPC Ltd, NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam (NVVN), to encourage the use of electric vehicles and to establish solar power plants at airports owned and controlled by AAI.

In conjunction with the MoU:

  • NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam (NVVN) will provide AAI with sufficient land and roof space free of charge at designated AAI airports to set up solar power plants.
  • Initially, NVVN will resume production on projects at the Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan airports.
  • The solar capacity needed at Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan airports is approximately 55 MW and 8 MW, respectively, in becoming 100% solar-powered airports.
  • Besides, AAI and NVVN will work together to support the Government of India’s efforts to implement electric vehicles through the development of public charging facilities and the promotion of the use of electric vehicles at airports.

Kottor – world’s largest elephant care centre


Kerala’s iconic elephant rehabilitation centre in nearby Kottoor is expected to become the world’s largest pachyderm treatment centre, improved with improved facilities and services.

The elephant base in Kottor is situated upwards of 25 km away from the capital of Kerala, that is now being upgraded to global standards. It would be part of an elite initiative of the state government for the rehabilitation and protection of elephants.


The first section of the Elephant Rehabilitation Center will be opened in February of 2021. The plan is being initiated at the cost of Rs 108 Crore with KIIFB financing. The centre has rooms to handle 50 elephants, plus the current 16 elephants.

The project would include the building of numerous reservoirs and control dams at just the Neyyar Dam, as well as additional assistance for the treatment of elephant calves. The goal of the centres is to offer elephants native surroundings just like they do in the wild.



The Coastal Regulation Zone norms


The Supreme Court ordered the destruction of 5 apartments in Ernakulam’s Maradu municipalities in Kerala for violations of the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) laws.

The Bench ordered the Kerala Coastal Zone Management Authority to clear the buildings within a span of one month and to send a report to the court. The court said that the State could not deal with unregulated constructions, with the possibility of flooding and heavy rain looming.

About Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ):

Under the Environmental Protection Act, 1986 of India, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) advised the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) in 1991 of the control of coastal operations.

According to the warning, marine property up to 500 m from the High Tide Line (HTL) and 100 m around the coasts of channels, estuaries, backwaters and rivers prone to tidal variations is referred to as the Coastal Regulation Region (CRZ).