NCAER’s report published- Highlights and Features
Dr Harsh Vardhan who is the Union Minister released a report published by the NCAER. The study was labelled “Estimating the Economic Benefits of Investment in Monsoon Project and High-Performance Computer Facilities.”
Main highlights of this report:
As per the study, 1,000 crores of funding in high-performance computing facilities in India would offer 50,000 crores of profits. This is primarily expressed in the livelihoods of 1.07 crores of people BPL and 53 lakhs BPL of fisher folk families.
About this report:
The plan was published by NCAER based on a face-to-face interview. About 6,098 respondents were polled. This involved 757 marine fishermen and 1,376 livestock owners. Responses were also received from 2 Lakh farmers via the Integrated Voice Response System. The IVRS helps machines to communicate with humans through the keyboard including the use of speech feedback.
India is divided into 15 major agro-climate regions. Of these 15, 10 witnessed all monsoon events and were protected by the NCAER report. The agro-climatic region is a regional area with equal rainfall, soil type, temperature and supply of water.
Main results to the study:
Most of the farmers surveyed said that the weather warnings had a positive effect. Based on weather forecasts, farmers have made improvements to agricultural activities such as irrigation, pesticide distribution plan, fertiliser application, etc. As per the farmers, ocean-based predictions have strengthened their livelihoods by reducing their operating costs.
The NCAER also evaluated the economic advantages of women’s agriculture in the region. The weather forecast benefited women with the advantages of 13,000 crore rupees. This represents 26% of the total benefit given by the National Monsoon Mission.
The task of the National Monsoon:
The study analyses data for both the pre-and post-monsoon National Task cycles. The Ministry of Earth Sciences initiated the National Monsoon Mission in 2012. The task was to establish a monsoon forecasting method for short, medium and long-range forecasts. The mission was complemented by the High-Performance Computing Facilities. The Global Ensemble Forecast System was established under the mission.
La Nina- The Weather Phenomenon
On 19th March 2020, the Indian Meteorological Department declared that the El Nino Weather Phenomena will remain neutral this year between May and July. This would bring rain to India during the South West Monsoon.
The Indian Monsoon is highly influenced by the El Nino and La Nina Weather Phenomena. The neutral event of that same weather pattern is discussed by the ENSO Oscillation.
ENSO Neutral: The Common Weather Pattern in the Pacific
Trade winds flowing from east to west (from South America to Australia) push warm water from the coast of South America to East Australia and Asia. The oceans are pumped up since they are in the tropical region of the planet that experiences direct sunshine. Warm water is rising in the air and giving abundant rainfall in the area of Australia and Asia.
Often, the build-up of warm water in the western Pacific drives the cold beneath ocean waters towards the east side of the Pacific (towards South America). It’s called upwelling. This keeps the climate cool on the western coast of South America.
The ENSO phenomenon strengthens the trade winds that provide strong rain to India during Monsoon. It’s the trade winds that get deflected by the power of Coriolis and blast like a southwest monsoon.
Heating the Himalayas during the summer causes low pressure in the area. This low pressure draws the high-pressure, warm winds in the equator. Due to the ENSO phenomenon, they are moist.
Therefore, when ENSO is neutral, India receives strong rainfall.
What’s the El Nino thing?
The ocean waters in the western Pacific (near Australia) warm up during El Nino. This splits the warm waters off the coast of Australia. This is because the water temperature in the centre of the Pacific Ocean is higher than the coastline.
As a result, water continues flowing from the Australian coast and the South American coast to the middle of the ocean. Rainfall is happening in this region of the ocean, leaving all coasts dry. As a result, trade winds near Indian waters are also dry. This is worsening the Indian Monsoon.
Celebration of Ganga Utsav 2020
The Ganga Utsav became introduced on 2nd November 2020. The festival is set to run until 4 November 2020. As part of the ceremony, the Ganga Task Force performed afforestation activities with NCC cadets.
Main highlights of this Utsav:
Ganga Utsav is now being coordinated by the National Clean Gang Project to mark the 12th anniversary of the declaration of the Ganga River as a National River. The activity was jointly coordinated by the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
The River National:
The Gangs is the longest river in India. It flows through 2,510 kilometres of valleys, hills and plains. The Ganges originally comes in the Gangotri Glacier as the Bhagirathi River. After, it joins the Alaknanda at Devprayag and will become the Ganga.
The main tributaries of the Ganges River are Yamuna, Gandak, including Ghagra, Kali, Son as well as RamGang. The river flows in 11 districts, namely Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, West Bengal.
The Ganges meets the Brahmaputra River and flows into the Bay of Bengal as the Padma River in Bangladesh.
The festival is held once every 12 years and is connected with the Ganges River. The festival takes place at the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and the mystical Sarasvati. The Kumbh Mela was included in UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage List in 2017. Kumbh Mela is held in 4 places in India. It’s Haridwar, Ujjain, Prayagraj and Nashik. It is held in Haridwar on the banks of the Ganges River, in Ujjain, on Shipra. In Nashik, the festival is celebrated in the Godavari and Prayagraj, the festival is celebrated at the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and the mystical Sarasvati.