After its independence on August 14 1947, Pakistan emerged as a new Muslim majority country. Its current population is 197 million. Even if Pakistan is a beautiful country by its landmasses, the political and civil disputes withered that beauty. Its internal situation is critical due to non-stop terror activities and disputes.
After Pakistan’s independence in 1947, Pakistan split up into two as East Pakistan and West Pakistan. West Pakistan called for a war with India over the disputes regarding the territory of Kashmir in 1948. Later in 1971, East Pakistan renounced to become a new country eventually ended up in a civil war. India intervened in favour of East Pakistan and thus East Pakistan emerged as “Bangladesh” and thus West Pakistan changed to “Pakistan”. The political standards were always unstable in Pakistan. It has experienced military rule as well as a democratic rule. In this 21st century, Pakistan is trying to develop its economy and infrastructure to compete globally.
Pakistan has witnessed many political transitions starting from the takeover of Power by military leader Pervez Musharraf from then prime minister Nawaz Sharif in 1999. After that in 2007, former PM Benazir Bhutto was assassinated by one of the Pakistani terrorist organization when she was engaged in her pre-election campaign. After this issue, Pakistan’s political system went completely damaged and ended up in a national level riot. Then in 2013, Nawaz Sharif became PM for the third time.He was the longest serving PM in the history of Pakistan. Later in 2018, Nawaz Sharif had to step down from the position of PM due to corruption allegations against him. Now in 2018, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi chaired as PM of Pakistan.
The economy in Pakistan emerged as a semi-industrialized which mainly focused on agriculture, textiles and food production. The major income of Pakistan is through textile exports. The economic liberalization was introduced in 2000 in Pakistan to rejuvenate its economy and project growth. Pakistan has witnessed many ups and downs in its GDP from an all-time high of $304.95 billion in 2017 and an all-time low of $3.71 billion in 1960. Pakistan stands at 25th position in the world economy for the FY 18. Pakistan is also trying to boost its economy with the help of China through the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
Generally, Pakistan has the cover face of a terrorist country in front of the world. In reality, the normal civilians are not a part of this activity and they are also suffering from this. There are many terrorist groups identified in Pakistan including Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Muhammed, Al-Qaeda etc. These terrorist groups are responsible for the major assassinations, mass murders held in the history of Pakistan and throughout the world. Terrorism in Pakistan is said to have funded by the government itself. The terrorists who were found in the act of 9|11 attack in US was trained by Pakistan Military forces. There are many reasons for terrorism:
- Religious extremism is the basic cause of terrorism. The innocent youth in the country is attracted to terrorism in the name of religion and the need to fight for their country.
- Afghanistan is a close ally to India in recent years. So, Pakistan fears that strong bond between these countries could affect them negatively.
- Kashmir is another area of conflict. Pakistan always demands that the Kashmir belongs to them because Kashmir is a strategic piece of land which connects Afghanistan to India. Occupying Kashmir would close the strategic connection between India and Afghanistan forever. Infiltration through Kashmir is common and many terrorists had been encountered till now.
- The induction and support of the most deadly ISIS in Pakistan also accounts for the terrorist activities in the country.
SITUATION OF CIVILIANS:
The situation of civilians in Pakistan is very deplorable. Even before the time of independence, Pakistani people faced many problems and after that in 2018, it is less changed. Pakistan is among the top 10 countries with high crime rates.
MEDIA IN PAKISTAN:
Journalists are the frequent targets of this atrocity. At least 61 journalists have been murdered since a decade. The last victim was ShujaatBukhari who was shot dead by assailants. Media freedom in Pakistan is very complicated. They cut down licenses and threaten media who report against the government. It is to cover the dark side of government from the public.
ROLE OF DEFENCE IN PAKISTAN:
Pakistan Armed forces are sixth in terms of active serving personnel in the world. It is also the topmost among Muslim countries. Pakistan is trying hard to strengthen its defence with the aid from different countries to build a strong army. It also advises the civilian government in the strategic communications, industrial relations and global partnership.
Pakistan lost the majority of the global support including that of US due to the increasing terror activity and the CPEC issue. China is one of the best supporters of Pakistan and is helping for the economic and infrastructural growth of Pakistan through CPEC.
FUTURE OF PAKISTAN:
If Pakistani government do not take proper preventive measures against the increased terrorism and other related conflicts, it will affect them adversely at the time of a crisis. Even if the economy of Pakistan is getting improved, it is still far away for Pakistan to reach the globally recognized and supported country outfit.