Indian Pilots to get new Head Up Display systems
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) will team up with Israel’s Elbit Systems Electro Optics Elop Limited to produce head up display (HUD) systems for the pilots of Indian Defence Forces. This system will provide digital overhead assistance to pilots in navigating the aircraft. HAL has signed a contract with the Israel based firm for manufacture and supply of this system.
This technology was earlier developed for military aviation, but with time, its use has been extended to commercial aircraft and automobile navigation too. The dashboard in the cockpit is situated at the lower angle, and pilots have to change their view to look at it. The pilots can see all the data and information directly over their head with the help of this system. Equipped with modern technology, this system will provide sharp brightness, larger field view and larger head motion box.
According to HAL, a dedicated facility center will be set up at Korwa in Uttar Pradesh for production of HUD systems. The Korwa Plant has a licensed Transfer of Technology (ToT) pact with the Elbit for production of modern cathode ray tube HUDs. The company has earlier supplied 500 HUDs to the Indian Air Force (IAF) for its modern fleet of aircraft including Sukhoi-30 MkI. Jaguar, MiG-27M, etc.
Indian Navy Ships to visit Bangladesh ports for the first time
The indigenously built Offshore Patrol Vehicle of Indian Navy, Sumedha, will visit Mongla, the historic port city in Bangladesh, from 8th to 10th March 2021. The Ship will be accompanied by Kulish, the indigenously built guided missile corvette. This visit will be a part of ongoing ‘Swarnim Vijay Varsh’, the celebration of 50 years of Independence of Bangladesh.
This will be the first official visit of any Indian Naval Ship to the port town of Mongla. This move is aimed to strengthen the Indo-Bangladesh Friendship and bilateral relations. The Indian contingent will participate in the cultural, professional and sports programmes organised by their counterparts. INS Sumedha and INS Kulish will receive a ceremonial welcome by the Bangladesh Navy.
India is trying to maintain good relations with its neighbours through such mutual programs, as it will boost peace and stability in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), with its initiative of SAGAR – Security and Growth of All in the Region.
Sri Lankan fishing vessels apprehended by Indian Coast Guard near Lakshadweep
The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) apprehended 3 foreign fishing vessels near the Minicoy Island, Lakshadweep. These vessels were allegedly being used for drug trafficking in the region and are expected to belong to Sri Lanka. The vessels have been intercepted by the Coast Guard ship ‘Varaha’. The Coast Guards had intelligence inputs regarding the drug trafficking in the region.
The vessels and its crew members will be brought to Vizhinjam in Thiruvananthapuram for investigation and other proceedings. They will be handed over to the local police and will be questioned by officials of Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) and the Intelligence Bureau (IB).
Joint Military Exercise to be attended by India and Uzbekistan
Indian and Uzbekistan Armies will participate in the second edition of ‘Exercise Dustlik’, which will be held in Chaubatia near Ranikhet in Uttarakhand from 9th to 21st March. The joint exercise will focus on counter terror operations and Kashmir like scenes will be created in the mountainous rural and urban region. The soldiers will be trained to execute operations in a way to avoid collateral damage as many operations in Kashmir are carried out in residential areas.
13 Kumaon Regiment, also known as the Rezang La Batallion will represent the Indian side. This regiment is famous for its heroics in the battle of Rezang La in 1962 during the Indo-China War. Intelligence based surgical operations, h-tech surveillance through command posts, Special Forces tracking techniques will be a part of the joint exercise. The slithering operations from helicopters will also be conducted. This exercise will help the soldiers in enhancing mutual trust and cooperation and increasing interoperability by sharing experiences and war techniques. It will train soldiers how to plan and execute counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations.
The first edition of ‘Exercise Dustlik’ was held in November 2019 near Tashkent in Uzbekistan. Both the armies were benefitted after sharing their respective war techniques and combat shooting skills. India is enhancing its military relations with Uzbekistan, as it will help in countering Pakistan and China’s joint policies. Also, the connectivity of Uzbekistan with Afghanistan and Iraq is important for India from diplomatic perspective.
SAMAR: IAF’s Short Air Defence System
The weapon systems locally developed by the Indian Army and Air Force workshops were showcased in the recently held Combined Commanders’ Conference at Kevadia, Gujarat. Most of the systems were indigenously designed and developed by engineers and soldiers. Prime Minister Narendra Modi was shown SAMAR (Surface to Air Missile for Assured Retaliation), a unique system jointly developed by Army and Air Force workshops.
SAMAR seems to be Russian developed Vympel R-73, a short-range infrared-guided (heat-seeking) air-to-air missile mounted on a vintage Ural-4320 6*6 Army Truck that has been reconfigured for surface-to-air defence roles. SAMAR seems to be equipped with a basic Twin-electro-optical (EO) sensor that provides a basic target positioning, the inbuilt passive infrared homing seeker and the radar proximity target sensor in the missile system does the job, post-launch of the missile, thus it requires minimal ecosystem of Identification, friend or foe (IFF). It is a radar based identification system, surveillance and tracking radars that are often required for a full-fledged air defence system like Akash or MRSAM.
While R-73 has a range of 300 metres to 30km in air-to-air missile configuration, SAMAR might have the same minimum range of 300 metres but the maximum range of around 10-15 km. the missile is effective against low flying targets and provides cheaper option against R-73 stocks that have completed their captive flight hours.