DRDO developed Arjun Mark 1A test fired in Pokhran


Indian Army has test fired the advanced version of the Arjun tank, the Mark 1 A. It was the final phase trials that were conducted at the Pokhran field firing range in Jaisalmer District, Rajasthan. The tank was jointly upgraded by the Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO) and Combined Vehicles & Development Establishment, Chennai.

What is in the new advanced version?

  • The firing system has been upgraded with an automatic fire control system guided missile.
  • It includes an improved main sight of gunner
  • It is integrated with automated tracking devices which enables the crew to automatically track the moving targets
  • Computerized Integrated Fire Control System is mounted on it.

To strengthen the firing capacity of the Army, the advanced version is also equipped with many other technical features. As of now two units of the tank is present with the Army. According to the requirements of the forces, the DRDO has upgraded 14 features in it. The induction will be done after the final phase of trials be completed. DRDO is planning to develop the Mark 2 version with an ability to fire anti-tank missiles.

The tank possesses high first round kill capability. The tank is dreadful as it has the day & night stabilized sights, coupled with the automatic target which guarantees accurate engagement even in dynamic conditions.

India’s Security is threatened by a Chinese Dam


Before it enters India, the Brahmaputra River is known as the Yarlung Tsangpo in Chinese territory known as South-Western Tibet. Millions of people for their daily lives are dependent on the river. A ‘Super Dam’ proposed by the Chinese on the river will affect people and security in the region.

In its 14th Five Year Plan, the Chinese government plans to construct the super dam on the Yarlung Tsangpo. According to a Global Times report, the hydropower dam would pose threat to the environment, national security, living standards, international cooperation, civilization, etc.

Every infrastructure along the Indo-Tibet border would bring threat to Indian Security but the construction of the dam will lead the threat expansion all the way to Assam & Arunachal Pradesh. As both the states are geographically lying very close to the border, sudden release of water from the water could reach India within few minutes allowing a very short time to act to avoid the damage. Similarly, the dam can swallow the excess water which flows through the region in the summer. To counter the Indian border challenges, infrastructure development in the region is being done so that more Chinese migrants can be brought for permanent settlement.

What India can do?

  • India & China possess no water sharing agreement. Both nations share hydrological data but the genuine data should reach India.
  • Contagious dialogue on issues like a warning of droughts, floods, etc any other calamity posed by dam should happen on a regular basis.
  • A secure a water-sharing treaty between all the stakeholders (including Bangladesh) should be done that serves the interests of all the countries.