Modern Swarm Drone Technology to enhance the capabilities of IAF
Indian Airforce on its Twitter account posted three images showing at least 15 hexacopters UAVs took off from an airbase.
To enhance its combat capabilities the Indian Airforce is taking a big step to develop an indigenous Swarm Drone Technology which will be operated by using Artificial Intelligence (AI).
On Saturday, the Indian Airforce Twitter account displays, “IAF is leading the way in using Artificial Intelligence to add to its combat potential. Swarm Drones is a prime example.”
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) & Small drones are flown in a group with the help of Artificial Technology. Enemy tanks, Infantry Combat Vehicles (ICVs), Ammunition & soldier carrying lorries of the enemy would be targeted through this technology. Each drone will be carrying bombs or missiles. To jam, the enemy’s communication system & battlefield radars Swarm drone technology will be utilized.
It is a new concept in which large clusters of drones or UAVs are flown together into the enemy airspace. The large cluster creates confusion in the radar system with a bigger image of the real target and to complete the mission. The drones (can also be considered as robots) work in coordination and can be operated manually or remotely. Through the [processors on board.
Objectives of Swarm Drones-
1) To confuse the Radar.
2) To inculcate fear in the enemy camp by portraying a big attack picture.
3) To Destroy the Air defence system of the enemy (when armed).
4) To attack critical infrastructural assets.
Multi-Role Mid Air refueler from France
France has given a proposal of six Airbus 330 multi-rile transport tanker aircraft on a government-to-government basis to India to enhance the strike capability of the Indian Airforce. At present, the Indian Airforce is operating Russian Origin IL-76 M refuellers. Indian Airforce wanted Airbus 330 MRTT on lease. A French company’s proposal involves six aircraft which are in service from five to seven years. But the company is also providing a certification that guarantees 30 years’ use of the platform at much reduced rate. Previously Indian Airforce released a request for proposal (RFP) for an aircraft with a similar feature. At that time also IAF wanted the MRTT. But the previous RFP expired without any result.
Operations performed by the aircraft-
1) Airbus 330 MRTT platform possess huge wings which will be helpful for mid-air refuelling of two fighter jets at a time through central refuelling boom system
2) Due to high-power engines, it can transport at least 260 soldiers in cabin and fuel in the cargo
3) Though the aircraft is of huge size, only three crew members will be needed
4) At the same with only three crews, the aircraft can be converted into a tanker or air ambulance or transport.
What are Air refuellers?
These are aircraft with the capacity to provide/to inject fuel into the fighter aircraft in the air or without the necessity to land them so that the range of the fighter aircraft can be extended.
According to Senior Air force official, air refuelling can extend the range of the Sukhoi 30 MKI which is known as the backbone of the Indian Airforce. Newly inducted Rafale would also be refuelled mid-air as during their course to India from France mid-air refuelling was performed. Mid-air refuelling extends the range of fighters and provides the capability to reach the long distance destination like Port Blair in One take off.
Is the aircraft suitable for the Indian Armed Forces?
The aircraft is fuel efficient and possess high power engines. This would certainly help Indian Airforce and Indian Navy (aircraft carrier fleet) to perform long range missions.
High power engines would also be helpful to operate from high altitude airfields like Leh, Thoise, Nyoma, etc.
QR-SAM Ready for production next year
A Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO) produced Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) is expected to complete its user trials in the upcoming six months. If the process goes as planned from next year the production will be started.
To replace the existing Air defence system, the development of the QRSAM is significant. This is the maiden indigenous mobile air defence system to be placed on mobile vehicles of Army’s Strike Corp.
QRSAM has possessed a range of 30 km and can hit targets at an altitude of up to 10km. Existing QRSAM is 90% indigenous and is expected to reach 99% incrementally in the near future.
The software used in the system with the code and logic is developed indigenously.
Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) has manufactured the Radars and Control Systems.
Larsen & Toubro (L&T) has manufactured launchers of the missile system.
Missiles to be launched by the launchers are developed by the Bharat Dynamics Limited.
There are some electronic components like IC, electro-optic system, and detector that are currently being imported from other countries.
Structure of the SYSTEM-
The system has been customized on 8*8 Ashok Leyland vehicles.
It can give 360 degrees of coverage.
The system can fire six missiles in six different directions in 360 degrees. Various components that are mounted the system are mobile which increases the efficiency of the system.
Facts for Aspirants-
Akash Surface to Air Missile was the first Automated Air Defence System of India.
Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile is the maiden on the move air defense system of the country.