Why Defence Geo-Informatics Research Establishment was needed?

  • The Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO) headed by G Satheesh Reddy has opened its new lab namely Defence Geo-Informatics Research Establishment. The original lab was recognized by the amalgamation of its prevailing labs – the Snow and Avalanche Studies Establishment (SASE) of Manali and Defence Terrain Research Establishment of Delhi. This novel lab will emphasize researching topography and slides along the boundaries with China and Pakistan. The fusion is a portion of the DRDO’s goal to be additional result-oriented.

Why there is a need for such a lab?

Infiltration by terrorists in the J&K Valley is one of the major problems, though the valley is bordered by the Line of Control majorly, still, the International border provides loopholes to the Pakistani Army and anti-Indian outfits operating from Pakistan so that peace and harmony can be destroyed. An organization working particularly in the area considering the topography and various on filed elements will be more efficient to provide support to our brave armed forces personnel of the Indian Army and Central Reserved Police Forces (CRPF).

About Snow and Avalanche Studies Establishment (SASE):

  • Center for Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment is a laboratory that comes under the Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO), the primary research and development wing in the defense sector which is Located near Manali, Himachal Pradesh.
  • Research in the field of snow and avalanches to provide avalanche control measures and forecasting support to Indian Armed Forces.
  • Institution had arranged avalanche graphics for more than 3000 on-road positions in diverse parts of the nation, particularly in the topographies where the armed forces were positioned.

About Defence Terrain Research Laboratory (DTRL):

  • Defence Terrain Research Laboratory was recognized in 1954.
  • The chief function of the laboratory was to appraise the goals and measure the mobility potential of unreachable zones. It established reliable structures that projected current features various types of trios based on contemporary techniques. Also, the laboratory established a set-up with the latest methods of related to studies.
  • The task of the laboratory was to produce and update Topography aptitude intelligence and thematic plans for the users.

ISRO & Indian Defence

Indian Space Research Organisation is the national interstellar agency of the State of India, headquartered in Bengaluru. It works under Department of Space (DoS) which is unswervingly overseen by the Prime Minister of India whereas chairman of ISRO acts as administrative of Department of Space as well. ISRO is the major agency in India to accomplish tasks related to space-based requests, space investigation and expansion of related technologies.

Major Defence Equipment countries like United States of America, China, Russia, etc are now considering space, a new domain of the modern warfare. Because of that, the most experienced agency in the field in India, ISRO, has an additional responsibility of defence on its shoulder.

List of satellites of ISRO which are helpful in defence-

  • RISAT 1 & 2 = Launched by PSLV-XL, RISAT 1 & 2 is an indigenously developed radar imaging satellite. It is used for surveillance of Pakistan Border across Rajasthan, Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir and it also keeps eye on insurgency at Line of Control to deter insurgent infiltration and for anti-terrorist operations.
  • EMISAT= It is country’s first electronic surveillance satellite launched from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. The advancement of this satellite has improved the situational awareness of Indian Armed Forces significantly. It helps to locate enemy radars.
  • ASAT = India successfully tested ASAT missile under the operation called Mission Shakti. Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) developed the missile system and the interceptor successfully destroyed the test satellite during its trials.
  • MICROSAT R = A DRDO developed satellite was launched by ISRO. It was also manufactured to use militarily.
  • G-SAT 7/7A= It is a multiband military communication satellite which provides a wide range of services. GSAT 7 is primarily used by Indian Navy. GSAT 7A is used by Indian Airforce and Indian Army.

New Development by HAL:

C32 LH2 is the largest-ever cryogenic propellant tank of its kind industrialized by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. It was distributed to ISRO lately. It is designed to intensify the payload ability of ISRO’S Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III) as of 4 tonnes to 6 tonnes. The purpose is to create self-sufficiency with regards to carrying heftier communication cables into space.