AFPA

Premiere Intelligence agency to enhance its counter-terror grid

 

Premiere Intelligence Agency of India, Intelligence Bureau which looks after the internal security of the nation including several external intelligence endeavors, is all set to enhance counter-terror grid to enhance its network.

Set up in the year 2001, these information networks will be aiming to tab swift inputs at various ground locations (known as Multi Agency Centers) situated in the country. At present, roughly 374 such ground locations are operational within the nation of which maximum were set up after the 1999 Indo-Pak Kargil War. The institution is now planning to increase it to 825 locations.

On daily basis, these information centers receive 150 plus alert inputs from various hot locations like Kashmir, North-East states, Maoist Zones and other locations where suspicious terror activities in urban India prevail.  The proposed expansion has been shared by the Union Home Ministry with a parliamentary panel. There is total 475 districts identified by the ministry to set up 825 locations. Among the 475, 451 are feasible for the task of which 174 districts are already connected.

These networks will act as a comprehensive communication system and connectivity points to share anti-national and terror related data and information.

If found any unwanted elements, these Multi Agency Centers acts as a common office where all the information gets collected and distributed to the various stakeholders.

After the 26 November 2008 Mumbai Attack, MAC’s were refabricated to fill the gaps. The Union Home Ministry has broadly divided the inputs under four categories- Jammu & Kashmir, North-East, Left Wing Extremism and the rest of India. MACs are responsible to share terror related information with Bangladesh and Myanmar with its counterparts in these countries.

Indian Army is ready to induct indigenous Carbine after it completed its user trials

 

The prominent military research instituition of the country Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) cleared that an indigenous carbine developed jointly by Armament Research and Development Establishment, Kanpur based Ordinance Factory Board  (OFB) and DRDO’s Pune based facility. The Carbine has completed its final phase user trials under the Indian Army and is ready for induction.

The weapon will replace the replace the 9 mm carbine used by Indian defence forces and also will equip the Central Armed Police Forces like the Central Reserved Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Seema Sashastra Bal (SSB), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), etc,

The main objective of the weapon is to hurt the enemy by only injuring it. The 5.56*30 mm carbine is gas operated automatic semi-bull pup category because of its action and trigger.

Carbines are generally short as compared to the rifles. The carbine is designed as per the standards set up by Indian Army’s General Staff Qualitative Requirements. One of the best features of the carbine includes that it can omit 700 rounds of bullets in a minute.

Before this indigenous weapon, ARDE developed carbine was used by the force. The 5.56*45mm calibre carbine was widely criticized the Indian Army. It is termed as INSAS (Indian Small Arms System).

INSAS underwent trials in harsh and difficult environment to facilitate armed forces to work borders areas of Rajasthan, Myanmar, Nagaland, Manipur and along the borders of Nepal and Bhutan. But the operational glitches pushed ARDE to look forward for new weapon. Unfortunately, the experience gained during the development of INSAS did not materialized.

Newly developed carbines possess features like, high reliability, low recoil, retractable butt, ergonomics design, convenient firing facilities like single hand firing capability, etc. The effective range of the weapon in just over 100 meters, weighs 3 kilograms, penetrates 3.5 mm mild steel, etc.