Astra MK2 BVRAAM with 160km range to begin testing next year
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) plans to start testing of the Astra Mark-2 BVRAAM (Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile) in the first half of 2021. The range of 160-180 km will be more than the previous variant.
Astra Mark-2 will be longer and have a Dual Pulse motor. Its capabilities will be built around American AIM 120D aka C8 whereas Astra MK1 was similar to the American AIM-120C5 AMRAAM in trials.
SFDR aka Astra MK3 will have you 70-340 km range with power “ON” mode. It will come with Air-breathing ramjet propulsion technology.
Integration of Astra BVRAAM on Tejas MK1 starts by HAL
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) have completed ground trials of Astra beyond visual range air to air missile range and onboard the LSP-Tejas fighter jet from next month. It will start flight trials from next month.
Its maximum range is higher than its previous version. It allows pilots to attack hostile aerial targets. Astra mk1 BVRAAM was cleared for combat duties onboard Sukhoi-30MKI fleet.
Arguments on the leasing of defence equipment
Defence Acquisition Policy 2020 introduced leasing for equipment Acquisition, but senior Ministry of Defence officers have compiled the pros and cons by defence industry executives at the webinar.
According to DAP 2020, leasing can be a useful way to substitute capital outlays with rental payments. And the Navy has good experience of leasing defence equipment as it has already leased two nuclear-powered submarines from Moscow. It should be done only when lease rentals would be economical. Moreover, the leasing of new and used equipment would be better than an outright purchase.
Gargi Kaul, Former Secretary of Defence Finance, favoured the new leasing policy “tied the hands” and considered it as the best being a government-to-government arrangement. She said that a competitive procurement would be difficult because not a single Indian company is in the business of leasing military equipment so only a vendor would be eligible.
Contrarily, Vice Admiral G Ashok Kumar stated the leasing as the opportunity to enhance operational capability even without investments for manning and maintenance. It will also look at the Navy’s operational preparedness. Kumar also pointed out the US which had leased ships to enhance capability in World War II. US Navy also has a long history of leasing several types of equipment.
France with leading participation at Aero India 2021
Registration for Aero India 2021 where the air show is going to be held from 3 February to 7 at the Air Force Station, Yelahanka is growing. France is leading the list of participants among 467 exhibitors signed up till November 20. The total number includes 48 foreign exhibitors from 17 countries in which 23 are French companies followed by 6 US companies and 5 each from the UK and Israel. Overall, 92% of the space has been booked.
French companies topped the participation list during the last edition of the show too. They participated with the Rafales, helicopters from the Airbus stable and FALCON 2000S. Rafales were dominated aircraft at the time.
This time, the participation of the Rafales is going to be by the Indian Air Force. 6 companies have responded to the IAF’s request for the information of 110 multirole fighter jets.
India’s enhanced posture in Ladakh
The deployment of the Indian Army is decisive in warlike conditions in Eastern Ladakh. The Indian Army is willing to occupy the advantageous heights along the North and South banks of Pangang Tso. This scheme has forced China to have the strategic pause and reevaluate the game plan. It has helped the Indian Army to improve its deterrent posture.
Ladakh is flowing with many personnel by the IAF, and the skies are full of sounds by Sukhois, C-17s, Rafales, and many more aircraft. For decades the Ladakh has been muted with minimum transport and helicopter support. Air and Space power is dominating to invest more effort and resources.
Indian Navy is scheduled to hold the 27th edition of India-Singapore Bilateral Bilateral Maritime Exercise which will be held between Nov 23 to Nov 25 in the Andaman Sea.
● It is a series of exercises that is held between the Singapore Navy and Indian Navy along with the Thailand navy participating in it.
● The Indian Navy will deploy destroyer Rana with integral Chetak helicopter and indigenously built corvettes Kamorta and Karmuk .the Singapore Navy deploying ‘Formidable’ Class Frigate ‘Intrepid’ and ‘Endeavour’ and the Royal Thailand Navy deploying ‘Chao Phraya’ Class frigate and ‘Kraburi’ for the exercise.
It is an important bilateral exercise signifying greater cooperation of these countries and enhancing the relationship of the Indo-ASEAN region.
DRDO Chairman G Sateesh Reddy launched the air-launch test facility for faster project execution at Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL).
NSTL is a premium laboratory. It works towards enhancement in design, development, and the testing of vehicles and weapon control systems. It flagged off the first torpedo delivered to Indian Navy at the ceremony at Bharat Dynamics Limited. It also checked out the projects that are under the development at BDL.
IRNSS: India’s Independent Navigation Satellite System as the part of Worldwide Radio Navigation System
Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System has become the component of the worldwide radio navigation system. The Maritime Safety Committee of International Maritime Organisation has approved the recognition of IRNSS.
It is for the operation in the Indian Ocean Region by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
It will enable merchant vessels to use IRNSS to get information about Global Positioning System and Global Navigation Satellite System to help in the navigation of ships in ocean water.
IRNSS is an independent regional navigation satellite system. It is developed by India.
India will launch “Deep Ocean Mission” that predicts the exploration of energy, minerals, and marine diversity of the underwater world. It is likely to be launched in the next 3 to 4 months. The mission is expected to cost more than Rs 4000 crore. It will boost the exploration of India’s Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf.
The mission will also include the development of technologies for different deep ocean initiatives. It will involve the procurement of advanced deep-sea vessels.
Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla explained at the 3rd Permanent Court of Arbitration on November 21 that upholding of international law is the key to nation’s diplomacy. The situation is amid the India-China border row. Institutions have contributed to ensuring peace among Nations. India has resolved International disputes with other countries.
China has disregarded international law and rejected PCA’s award.