New Indigenous Nuclear Submarine in 2021?


Following the steps of India’s first indigenous nuclear submarine (SSBN) INS Arihant, the INS Arighat (second indigenous submarine) has come to the final stages of trials, that is, sea trials. According to the sources, the sea trials are successful till now, as the submarine has performed up to the expectations.

The Arihant class INS Arighat was launched in the year by the then Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

After its induction, the navy will be powered with two indigenous SSBNs. K-15, a submarine launched ballistic missile will be mounted on both the nuclear powered submarines. The missile possesses the capability to hit a target 750 km away from it. Four units of the missile can be put on them.

More projects of SSBNs:

Along with the INS ARIHANT & INS ARIGHAT, two more submarines S4 & S4* are under construction at Ship Buiding centre in Vishakhapatnam.

Both S4 & S4* will be of a bigger size. The displacement done by the INS Arihant and Arighat is 6000 tonnes. While the S4 & S4* will be doing 7000 tonnes of displacement. Also, the number of tubes mounted to fire k-15 will be 8 in numbers.

How many nuclear submarines currently operated by India?

There are two such submarines are operated by the Navy. Along with INS Arihant, the Navy operates INS Chakra II which was taken on lease from Russia.

Future foreign projects:

Along with the indigenous project of four submarines, the Indian Navy is also expecting a submarine from Russia. The submarine will be named INS Chakra III. India has signed a $ 3 billion deal with Russia in March 2019 to get this submarine on lease. The induction of the submarines is expected in the first half of the year 2025.



Defence production back on track after COVID-19 lockdown


In the second quarter of the financial year 2020-21, the defence production has doubled its outcome. From shipbuilding industry to aviation and arms producuction, the companies are showing sharp recovery after the slowdown that occurred after the COVID-19 Lockdown.

The first quarter registered the production worth Rs. 6500 crore approximately, in the second quarter the value of production jumped almost twice to Rs 12,300 crores.

Various PSUs like Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Ordnance Factory Board, Cochin Shipyard Limited, etc. were searching the path to get back on track after the review meeting held by the Defence Ministry headed by the Defence Minister Rajnath Singh. It was a need of an hour as the nation is facing multiple front threats.

According to the sources, problems were identified by analyzing trends and production order values. Though the private players are emerging in the defence sector, the public sector still makes the most out of it. In the financial year 2019-20, the PSUs have produced armaments worth Rs. 56000 Crore, in the other side the private companies have contributed weapons costed Rs 16000 crore.

The main reason of slow down was the breaking of the whole supply chain. Also, workers were not able to join companies.

S400 Triumf: On its way


USA has imposed sanctions on its NATO ally Turkey as the later has purchased the S400 Triumf Missile system from the Russia. Predictions were made that the decision will affect the Indian deal, though it is unclear but various defence and foreign policy experts are expecting soft approach from the US side.

According to experts, India’s case is different from the Turkey’s case. Being a close NATO ally Turkey, the deal was not expected from Ankara. Both Ministry of Defence and Ministry of External Affairs were adamant on the Russian deal to be done.

India always remained against the use of sanctions as a tool by major countries to serve their political interest. The repeated attempts of US government put India in an uncomfortable position. India has made its stance clear regarding the deal, it even requested Russia to speed up the delivery of the system after the 15th June clash between Indo-China soldiers where 20 Indian soldiers sacrificed their life and many Chinese soldiers were killed. MEA spokesperson reiterates that the Indo-Russian defence-technical cooperation stands on its own merit. Russia had helped India during 1971 Indo-Pak war whose 50th Celebration of Vijay Diwas was done by the countrymen recently.  During Kargil war, along with Israel, Russian equipment and satellite were used to locate the enemy. Russia is expected to deliver some regiment before the end of the year 2021.




Six new AWACs will enhance the IAF presence in the sky


To improve the Air Surveillance Capabilities of Indian Airforce along the Line of Control (LOC) & Line of Actual Control ( LAC), the Defence Research & Development Organization is to develop an indigenous Airborne Early Warning and Control System. The developed systems to be fitted on the Air India Planes. The DRDO will develop a Block  2 Aircraft powered by AW&Cs. Six aircraft from Air India will be acquired under a Rs 10,500 Cr project. The aircraft will be fitted with radars so that 360 degree surveillance can be done in Indian Airspace by the air arm of the defense forces.

According to the government resources the Block 2 aircraft equipped with AWACs will be more powerful as compared to the NETRA plane. Block 2 will provide deep inside coverage of the enemy territory.

What will happen to previous planning of DRDO?

This project will fulfill the requirement for which the Airbus 330, an aircraft from the European firm was in news. Earlier, Airbus 330 were shortlisted by the DRDO to mount the AWACs.

Air India planes will be sent to the original manufacturer so that the radar installation and other modifications can be done.

Current Status-

At present, Indian Airforce comprises three PHALCON AWACS purchased from Israel and Russia. These systems were mounted on the Russian origin IL-76 Ilyushin Transport Aircraft.

Earlier the DRDO has provided NETRA Aircraft which were used in border conflict with China.

Expected deployment of the aircrafts-

The six aircraft equipped with AEWACS is expected to be deployed at various different locations in the country to keep an eye on the enemy activity.