India test-fired Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles off the Odisha coast


All development trials that were continuing for the last few years of Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles have been completed. On November 13, India has successfully test-fired the all-weather Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile system at the test range of around 30 kilometres off the coast of Odisha in Chandipur. The QRSAM system directly hit the pilotless target aircraft at medium altitude and medium range.

It is prepared by a single-stage solid-propellant rocket motor along with all indigenous subsystems. Its all system elements- battery command post vehicle, battery multifunction radar, mobile launcher, and battery surveillance radar were deployed in the flight test.

The system can detect and track targets on the move and also it is capable of engaging targets with the help of short halts. The radar can engage 6 targets and track 100 targets. It can evade counter-attacks by the enemy.


Is there any need for megatone nukes or not?


Megatone nuke bomb is a nuclear weapon that has power equal to 1 million tons of TNT. One example of the largest nuke is Tsar Bomba developed by the Soviet Union. It was exploded in the Arctic region.

Megaton nuclear weapon creates a blast overpressure spread out over the large portion when they are exploded in an attack. Its blast wave hits areas up to ten miles away having the power to cut around 5-6 million people living nearby. Moreover, issues like acid rain, contaminated water and radiation fallout can happen.

US and Russia are already having nuclear bombs but they have decided to cut down their nuclear stockpile over the next few years. So should India have such kind of weapons? Indian and China use “no first use” policy whereas Pakistan declared itself the first to use such a weapon. It is not sure whether India will give up its policy during the two-front war with Pakistan and China or not.

But the thing to understand for all countries is using such weapons is only the mutually accepted destruction piece and nothing else.



India with the last chance to grab the magnificent jets like UAE Mirage 2000



UAE has the best option to sell the magnificent jets- the 5th generation F35 jets and 4.5 generation Rafale jets to India which is already operating 50 of such jets having a service and support setup in place too. Even it is the last chance for IAF to grab them to surplus the power. India has also dealt with both the Dassault and France for their refurbishment.

UAE had also the options to send the jets to Iraq but France and Dassault refused to help. Then, it had the option to sell to Taiwan but this decision can seriously antagonize China.


Modi riding on Arjun battle tank


Prime Minister Narendra Modi spent Diwali with the personnel of the armed forces. He visited them in Rajasthan, Jaisalmer, and close to the border with Pakistan. He distributed sweets and gave a speech in which he emphasized self-reliant India and vocal for a local campaign. Also, he remarked the decision of barring the import of 101 weapons and defence equipment.

He rode Arjun main battle tank of the Indian Army that is indigenously developed battle tank.

Indian Army received 124 Arjun tanks in 2004 after the development of the project started in the 1970s. The Arjun has a 120 mm rifled-bore gun and an armoured system called as indigenously developed the Kanchan. Also, the Defence Ministry had concluded negotiations with the Ordnance Factory Board in March 2020 for 118 Arjun Mk-1A tanks, with a price of $888.7 million.


Debate on acquiring submarines or aircraft carriers


India is having the first aircraft INS Vikrant, second- indigenously developed Vikrant at Cochin Shipyard, and naval engineers are drawing up designs for the third one. However, General Bipin Rawat, the Chief of Defence staff questioned the demand of three carriers as they are expensive too. He favoured the demand of submarines as there is dwindling underwater capability of the navy also. Or there is a proposal to develop shore-based capabilities. Thus, Rawat’s comments have triggered the debate on the issue.

The submarine is economical and safer but difficult to detect. Many maritime strategists are in the favour of submarine-centric force. And carriers can be operated in battle groups with no stealth element. One argument against carriers is that sea control can be achieved with the development of islands as bases. But carrier favoured ones argue that carriers are the vital tools to project the power. 

The Navy maintains the need of three carriers to fulfil the requirement during the struggle on the Arabian sea against Pakistan, Bay of Bengal and even near the entire Indian Ocean.

Meanwhile, modern navies seek to balance both types- carriers and submarines and sea control and sea denial. The oceans have 41 aircraft carriers and the US is operating 11 carriers and 70 submarines.