Top Indian Army Commander visits Army posts along the LOC
The Commander of Northern Army Lt Gen Y K Joshi motivated the soldiers along the forward posts to maintain the purity and sanctity of the ceasefire agreement that was signed between India and Pakistan. The Commander reviewed the security at the posts along the Line of Control (LOC) and in the Kashmir region. Both the countries arrived to a solution of signing the ceasefire agreement at the Director General of Military Operations (DGMO) level meet held on 25th of February 2021. Lt Gen D P Pandey, the Commander of China Corps accompanied the Army Commander and invigilated the troop formations in the Kupwara district. Rashtriya Rifles demonstrated the counter terrorist operations drill during the commanders’ visit.
Lt Gen Joshi checked the operational preparedness of the troops posted in the region and interacted with them. He was informed about the present situation in the Kashmir Valley. He also praised the soldiers for their selfless service to the nation and applauded their efforts. He advised the soldiers to maintain their friendly approach during the Amarnath Yatra and reviewed the security arrangements and preparations of the same. He advised the officials posted in the region to conduct intelligence based counter terrorist operations during the Yatra to avert the risk of any kind of attack on the pilgrims.
Indian Defence Forces develop Future Warfare technologies
India’s Defence Planners are aiming to reduce the dependence on the foreign technologies for the defence systems by motivating the local manufacturers to integrate with the demands and requirements of the Indian Defence Forces and find solutions to them. The imports can only be reduced when the local equipment replaces the foreign made products. This would reduce the burden on the government’s treasury as it won’t have to put extra time and money for deals, procurement and final delivery of such systems. For this, the defence ministry has opened the defence sector for private sector and invited the firms to invest in it. The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) limit has been increased from 49% to 74% for both local and global manufacturers.
The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) plays an important role in bridging the technological and financial gaps between the government and the local manufacturers. Also, it provides the latest technological advancement to the Indian Defence Forces through its 52 laboratories. Currently, it is focusing to combine the machine efficiency with that of humans and create the best results after analyzing their performance. The increased use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the Indian Army operations is the best example of this. The Centre of AI and Robotics (CAIR) of DRDO is looking after the advancements in projects related to AI. CAIR is also making C4I2SR systems for operations related to Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Information, Surveillance and Reconnaissance.
DRDO is also developing a ship to ship communication system that will be supported by the airborne weather radars developed by a joint venture between Telephonics Corporation and the Mahindra Defence Systems. Akash surface to air missile will be equipped with a DRDO designed Rohini central acquisition Radar which has the ability to track and hit 150 targets at a time. DRDO will also develop a homing system known as Maareech for the Varunastra heavy weight torpedo. It has nearly completed the development of Swathi mobile artillery locating phased array radar and USHUS-2 submarine Sonar system.
Tata Group and the Electronic Corporation of India are planning to set up a tactical control, command, communications and information system that will assist the defence forces in field operations. The newly created Military Affairs Department is focusing on creating theatre commands for all the 3 services, which will enhance the interoperability among them.
Indian Forces to get counter drone systems
To counter the Chinese and Pakistani drones, the Indian Armed Forces have received the tactical weapon mounted Counter Drone fire control systems from the Defsys Solutions. This weapon system will enable the first shot first kill capability of the armed forces and will protect them from the drone attacks. Drone attacks pose a serious threat to the armed forces as they are equipped to drop grenades or supply illegal items in the border areas. A Pakistan drone was neutralized in December 2020 near the International Border in Gurdaspur, Punjab. The drone carried 11 hand grenades.
Many tactical drones and anti drone systems were demonstrated at the Aero India Summit 2021 that was held in Bengaluru. These drone systems were capable of conducting surveillance and reconnaissance operations, while the anti-drone systems could easily detect, identify and monitor the drones. The period after December 2020 saw a rapid increase in the use of small drones, which puts the military infrastructure and aircraft under risks. These drones can’t be traced easily, owing to their small size, low speed and low altitude flights.
The Counter Drone Fire Control System is able to operate in both day and night conditions. It can be equipped on a 5.56 mm or 7.62 calibre assault rifle. It has a see through display, which enables the user to easily track the targets. It also has an inbuilt fire control processing unit, which selects the best range of the target and hits with the best possible shot.
Defys Solutions has recently bagged an order from India to supply long distance RF based detection and jamming solution.
ADA starts development of 1:1 scale model of AMCA
Tenders for the wing tunnel intake model of the AMCA have been issued by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA). The model will be developed at an estimated cost of 60 lakhs. The model will be further studied and more data will be collected after the Diverterless Supersonic Inlet (DSI) intakes. The model of AMCA has seen many design changes since its inception. The 1:1 scale model of AMCA will be developed by the VEM Technologies Private Limited and it will undergo the Outdoor Radar Cross Section (RCS) Test at the Measurement Facility Center in Dundigal, Hyderabad. The radar observing components will be equipped in the 1:1 scale model of AMCA and the engineering model will be developed in later stages.
The actual RCS measurement will be identified and compared with the results predicted by the RCS simulation software which was developed by NAL.