India and China are very close neighbours sharing their culture, integrity, economy etc. The sino-indian relationship has an old heritage which has ups and downs in the bilateral relationships between both the countries all these time. Sovereignty between India and China over the separated pieces of territories have always been a concern. But now, China emerged as an economic superpower while India is an emerging global market. But the question is, will China dare to attack India?
• Sino-Indian border conflict- It was back in 1914, The McMahon line was part of Shimla Convention between British India and Tibet, which was deeply opposed by China. This is because the British government was trying to make boundaries in the North-East region with the British diplomat McMahon. It is known as “red line” which was not accepted by Tibet and still holds.
• Sino-Indian war- In 1962, China fought a war with India. It was the aftermath of the 1914 Sino-Indian border conflict. The major cause of war was the sovereignty of the widely separated “Aksai Chin” and Arunachal Pradesh borders. India claims that Aksai Chin is the Part of Kashmir whereas China claims that it is a part of their Xinjiang province. This conflict rose to a war which started from 20 October 1962 to 20 November 1962 in which China emerged victorious.
• Nathu La and Cho La incident- In 1967, there have been military clashes between India and China at Nathu La pass and Cho La pass which is the borderline between China and the Himalayan kingdom of Sikkim. In this, India emerged victorious and ended up in a ceasefire.
• Sino-Indian skirmish- This was the third military conflict after the 1962 and 1967 incident. This is known as “bloodless conflict” as both countries showed military constraints. The outcome was recognizing Sikkim as a part of India by China and Tibet as an autonomous part of China by India.
• As time passes, the bilateral relationships between these countries grew keeping their areas of conflict inbound.
• India is emerging as a global market whereas China is already an economic superpower.
• India has good relationships with countries in which China is not in good terms.
• Indian military grew stronger both in strength and technology.
• The most important one is the “China Pakistan Economic Corridor” in which China is helping Pakistan to build its economy thereby boosting China’s trade relations with the eastern region. India opposes this move by China because it involves the Khardungla pass of India. It would hamper the strategic security of India.
• The “string of pearls” is another indirect strategy by China to build and maintain permanent ports in different countries around the world. These ports is like a string which covers the maritime interests of India.
• The “Doklam standoff” issue was another offensive move by China against India. It was in the summer of 2017 when Chinese and Indian military personnel had a standoff at the Doklam pass, a tri-junction between India, Bhutan and China. It was one of the cold war methods and was withdrawn later in August 2017.
• India is not like 1962 anymore. India is one of the strongest and emerging country in terms of economy and trade.
• India has bilateral relations with many countries in which China is not in good terms. The major partners of India being the US and Japan, China will not take a step forward or dare to attack India.
• If China attacks India, it will result in a global disturbance as many countries will support China whereas many countries will oppose them.
• According to war theory, an attacker country should deploy soldiers in the ratio 3:1. Chinese military strength is much greater than the Indian military also. But, considering the rough terrain borders, soldiers of the attacking country must be deployed in the ratio 10:1. In that case, the attacker will definitely loose.
• Unlike 19th century, war cannot be declared so easily. There must be a proper reason and motive for the war.
If China dares to attack India, it will be on World War III. Both countries share strong relationships economically. The only thing which hampers this relationship is about the sovereignty of border disputes since years. If both the countries conduct a diplomatic meeting to address each other’s concern and end up in a common conclusion, it will benefit both the countries and strengthen their relations. Both are strong nations and they need their mutual support irrespective of their border barriers.