AFPA

26th January – Republic Day Special – Frequently Asked Questions

 

Every year, India celebrates its Republic day on 26th January to commemorate when the mother law, India’s constitution, came into effect in 1950.

This moment is celebrated with festivities that take place in the National Capital, New Delhi. Every year, a mammoth parade is organized that is watched by everyone around the country on their television sets. Since our childhood, it is a moment that is engrained in our lives, and thus, many of us don’t want to miss this out.

However, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the celebration of the 72nd Republic Day is somewhat faded as compared to the celebrations of any other Republic Day of the nation. It is ensured that the list of people attending the ceremony will be shortened. 

Let us SCAN some Frequently Asked Questions regarding the Republic Day parade ceremony:

 

When do the Republic Day Parade Celebrations Begin and End?

– The 4-day ceremony begins on the morning of 26th January, when the Prime Minister of India visits Amar Jyoti Jawan at India Gate to lay a wreath and honor the brave hearts who sacrificed their lives fighting for the nation. 

On 29th January, under the President of India’s chairmanship, a beating retreat occurs at the Vijay Chowk that marks the end of the Republic Day Celebrations. The chief guest (The President) comes on a cavalry unit, and the unit then is asked to give the National Salute, followed by the National Anthem (Jan-Gan-Man).

 

Where does the parade start, and what is the route of the Republic Day Parade?

-The Parade starts from Rashtrapati Bhavan and ends at India Gate. It goes from Vijay Chowk via Amar Jawan Jyoti, Rajpath, India Gate, Tilak Marg, and ends at India Gate.


Why is Republic Day celebrated on 26th January month?

India attained Independence on 15th August 1947. However, the most important committee, the drafting committee, was formed on 29th August, under Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s leadership in the same month. Later, on 26th November 1949, the mother law of the country is adopted. But the Constituent Assembly decided to declare the country sovereign on 26th January 1950. The reason was to commemorate the Purna Swaraj Resolution of the Indian National Congress. The INC had passed the Declaration of Indian Independence back in 1929.

 

When was the first Parade held, and who was the chief guest?

-In 1950, the first republic day parade was held at Rajpath. The tradition of inviting the chief guest started from the very first Republic Day celebration. The President of Indonesia, Sukarno, was invited to shed light on Indonesia’s Independence struggle against the Dutch Rule in their country. 

 

Who will be the chief guest of the 72nd Parade?

– Initially, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom was invited to the ceremony. The prime minister is not available for the ceremony as he chooses to fight along with Britain’s people against the new strain of Coronavirus.

It will be the first occasion in five decades when the head of any country’s state would not be present. Before this, in 1953, 1954, and 1966, no chief guest/s was/were invited. The year 2018 witnessed the Republic Day celebration’s interesting event as ten heads of ASEAN’s states (Association of South Eastern Asian Nation) were invited.

 

One of the celebration’s important events is the unfurling of the National flag ceremony. Do you know when our national flag was adopted?

Who designed the National Flag of India?

– The National Flag unfurling ceremony occurs at 8 am on the first day of republic day celebrations. The National flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya, a freedom fighter held from Machilipatnam in Andhra Pradesh. After undergone numerous revisions, the national flag was adopted on 22nd July 1947 in its current state.

 

Where does the parade start, and what is the route of the Republic Day Parade?

-The Parade starts from Rashtrapati Bhavan and ends at India Gate. It goes from Vijay Chowk via Amar Jawan Jyoti, Rajpath, India Gate, Tilak Marg, and ends at India Gate.