10 amazing lesser-known facts about Chandigarh
Chandigarh is the district and union territory in India. It is not only the capital of Haryana and Punjab but also the attractive figure having a well-developed infrastructure. Still, apart from its beauty, modernity, and places, it also holds 10 amazing lesser-known facts.
The facts refer to its history, geographical location, theory, infrastructure, administration, climate, beliefs, and nature. We have compiled 10 amazing facts that you must know:
1) India’s First Planned City
Chandigarh was established when the Indian subcontinent was divided in 1947. Lahore became a part of Pakistan, and Chandigarh was chosen as the new capital of East Pakistan. Thus, it was the first and thoroughly planned city.
Being the earliest part of India, it has great significance in each sector. It was the symbol of new India and freedom for the new democracy in the post-independence times. Besides, It was planned for half a million people.
2) Part of Tricity
Three areas- the metropolitan region of Chandigarh, Mohali, and Panchkula jointly form a Tricity. These three cities are in the neighbourhood of each other. The service of CONNECT broadband is available at Tricity.
Thus, the Chandigarh capital region carries the fact of being in the Tricity.
3) Chandigarh name derived from the Chandi Mandir
The name of the Chandigarh city is derived from the Chandi Mandir. Chandi Mandir is a Hindu temple that is dedicated to the goddess of power, Shri Chandika. Chandigarh refers to the meaning “stronghold of the goddess Chandi”.
The temple is about 15 kilometres from Chandigarh city and 10 kilometres from the Mansa Devi Shrine. It is enshrined with beautiful surroundings and the Shivalik hills. It is highly dedicated to the Hindu deities.
4) The Open Hand Monument
The Open Hand Monument represents the emblem and symbol of the Chandigarh Government. It symbolises the openness for give and take. It is designed to rotate in the wind. It represents the “Second Machine Age”, the term called by Le Corbusier.
It was a public project rather than a private symbol. It is located in Sector 1 in the Capitol Complex of the Indian city. Its height is 26 metres, and it weighs 50 short tons. Its 14 metres vanes are of metal structure.
5) French design
Le Corbusier, who designed the master plan of Chandigarh, was a Swiss-French architect and designer. He also contributed with designs for government buildings there. Thus, Chandigarh has a French design.
It has unique beauty and structure with an urban touch. It is rectangular. The main roads were straightened out, and the complete hierarchy of circulation was established. The system of a human being was used as a metaphor in the plan. The “head” denotes the capitol complex; the “arms” points to the academic and leisure facilities perpendicular to the main axis and the “heart” with the commercial centre. Le Corbusier also included light, space, and greenery perfectly.
6) A Pensioner’s Paradise
No doubt Chandigarh is paradise. It is famous for its beauty, cleanliness, and nature. It employes happy, satisfied, and employed people. Likewise, it is also called with the phrase “A Pensioner’s Paradise”. It is so because the city is the seat of 3 governments. Most of the people are from government jobs or are retired citizens.
Furthermore, Chandigarh also serves the two states-Punjab and Haryana with its position as the capital. This point may also contribute to its title.
7) Frequent changes in climate
Chandigarh retains a seasonal rhythm with different seasons ranging from harsh summer to unbelievable rain. The year of Chandigarh brings different seasons for different periods.
It has a humid subtropical climate. The average rainfall is 1110.7 mm. Winter remains at the temperature of 5°C to 14°C and -1°C to 5°C.
8) Fear of No. 13; No Sector 13
A strange thing in Chandigarh to be seen is the belief of number 13 as the inauspicious number. Therefore, Le Corbusier did not add the 13th sector in the architecture of Chandigarh. Since 1966, there has never been Sector 13, but after 54 years, now Sector 13 has been created with 8 areas under it.
9) Many roundabouts
The number of roundabouts is numerous in Chandigarh. They help to ease the flow of traffic. They also add beauty to the infrastructure. On the contrary, some of the roundabouts have become the reason for deaths in accidents. Now, the government has started destructing them, which has raised many issues too.
Chandigarh was ranked 16th in the cleanliness survey by the central government. It is in the lap of nature; hence, it is the greenest city in India. The mission of greenery is taken under a tree plantation project along with the development of the city.
Moreover, the city has various species of trees and flowering plants.