10 amazing facts about
What can we do when our aspirations are not satisfied, and we are lagging? Well, like a few other states, Telangana has successfully set an example with its movements in the 20th century to the 21st. Acquiring statehood is just one dimension of many. To get amazed by its rich history, art, and culture, give this article a read!
1. The youngest and the newest state of India
Do you remember the day 2nd of June of 2014? It was the day Telangana was introduced to the world as a new state of India carved out of Andhra Pradesh with the help of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014.
If we trace back to history, you will know, Telangana happens to be the part of the first state which was formed based on linguistic orientation, i.e., Andhra Pradesh and now, it is the newest state of India.
The struggle for the separate state propagated in 1955 when the demand for keeping Hyderabad state intact was ignored, and merged Marathi, Kannada speaking region of Hyderabad state with Maharashtra and Karnataka respectively, and merged Telugu speaking region of Telangana with Andhra Pradesh. This followed many agitations, and finally, in 2014, people’s dream was realised.
2. Why the name Telangana? What is so significant?
The Nizam rulers first used the name “Telangana”. It is related to the word, “Telugu Angana”, which means the land where Telugu is spoken. You know, because there were different languages used in the territory, Nizams gave this word to differentiate it from other regions.
Also, the ancient name of both the Telugu States, “Andhra” and “Telangana” relates to “Trilinga Desa” which means “The Land of Three Lingas”. According to a belief, even the Telugu language derives its name from this. The belief about Lord shiva coming down to earth in the form of Lingas is well known. The ancient Shiva Temples at Kaleshwaram, Srisailam, and Draksharamam are manifestations of it. This highlights the connection of Telugu states with Shaivism.
3. Ruled by great Dynasties and their contributions
It is the land ruled by various dynasties that made a name for themselves. The most prominent of them include Sathavahanas, Kakathiyas, Chalukyas, Mughals, Qutub Shahis, Asafjahis. They all contributed much to the creation and acted as patrons of art and architecture for several centuries. The Telugu literature got enriched, and the writers and poets flourished in their courts.
4. An integral part of Telangana: Art and Craft
Oh my! Even the thought of listing the names of each art and craft tires me!! Well, I will not disappoint you. Telangana being this incredibly blessed with vibrant art and craft, I shall name a few to satisfy you. You must have heard of Nirmal town, I bet! It is world-famous for unique handicrafts and masterpieces created with natural dyes and traditional techniques.
Wait, did I mention Bidri Craft? This extraordinary craft was brought to Telangana by Iranian migrants but now is the soul of Telangana. This art involves engraving silver on metal.
Other prominent artworks are, Bronze casting, Cheriyal Scroll Paintings, Nirmal painted furniture, Batik Paintings, Dokra castings, Silver Filigree, Banjara Needle Crafts, Pembarthi brassware, etc.
5. Rich Temples and Mosques
How can one forget the gigantic 1000 pillar temple in Warangal? Yes, if you are planning to pay a visit to Telangana, this place must be on your list! King Rudra Deva of the Kakathiya dynasty built this temple in the 11th century.
Mecca Masjid is the mosque which had Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah himself to lay the foundation stone. It is one of the most significant and largest mosques in the country.
The next in the line is Jain Mandir, which has a fascinating 5 feet Thirthankara idol carved out of a semiprecious stone, jade. This divine temple of Saint Mahaveer Jain is an auspicious temple for the Jain community in the country.
There are many other temples and mosques and churches like St Mary’s Church, Chilkur Balaji Temple, Charminar, Surendrapuri Temple, Ujjaini Mahankali, Sri Ketaki Sangameshwara Swamy Temple, etc.
6. Mesmerising architecture
Most temples, churches, mosques do tell us much about the Telangana architecture, but the forts were no less. Evidently, the enormous forts built centuries before still attract tourists’ attention. The most architectural progress was made during the reign of Chalukyas and Kakatiyas.
Warangal Fort, which is a masterpiece of the 13th century, was erected during the rule of Rudramadevi and Prataprudra.
Golkonda Fort got completed in the 17th century during the time of the Qutub Shahi Empire. It has mounted cannons, numerous gateways, four drawbridges, and majestic halls, etc. do visit this place, it will leave you amused!
Telangana is home to many other forts like Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Bhongir Fort, etc. that speak volumes about the architectural skills and prowess of architecture of that time.
7. Chaos and the capital city
You know, Hyderabad is the common capital for both the states, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. After the separation of both the states, Hyderabad was made joint capital, but the provisions only made it common capital for ten years, starting from June 2, 2014. Though many offices are relocated for administrative and governance purposes, Hyderabad still enjoys a prominent position.
Reports do suggest that discussions and deliberations are made to make Amaravati the new capital city of Andhra Pradesh.
8. Mining and luxury
Telangana is among one of the least developed states overall. And it is making progress, especially in the IT sector. But, it is not deprived of natural resources and minerals. It has abundant mineral reserves such as limestone, iron ore, dolomite, coal, granite, manganese, uranium, etc. It is achieving new heights in attracting new investments in this sector and also generating high revenue out of it. It is trying to deploy drone technology to keep surveillance over mining activity to keep things under check.
Do you know Golkonda Fort had valuable mines and produced many diamonds?
9. The Ganga in the south: Dakshin Ganga
Telangana is endowed with the second largest river, the Godavari, also known as Dakshin Ganga. Trimbakeshwar, Maharashtra is its source.
10. Ganga Jamuni Tehzeeb and other cultures
One can call it mini India in the real sense. The Muslim population dominates the old city of Hyderabad, and the Hindus dominate the new one. There are inhabitants of Marathis, Christians, Marwaris, the Parsis, the Sikhs, Andhras, Sindhis, Tamilians, Kannadigas, etc. Indeed, one can describe Telangana as a melting pot of cultures embarrassing different cultures, religions, languages, festivals without any discrimination.
Telangana might be a new state but has always been an integral part of India. Government and the citizens should strive to focus more on its development, embracing its flaws and cherishing the amazing assets it withholds.